40 CFR § 1037.106 - Exhaust emission standards for tractors above 26,000 pounds GVWR.

§ 1037.106 Exhaust emission standards for tractors above 26,000 pounds GVWR.

(a) The CO2 standards of this section apply for tractors above 26,000 pounds GVWR. Note that the standards of this section do not apply for vehicles classified as “vocational tractors” under § 1037.630.

(b) The CO2 standards for tractors above 26,000 pounds GVWR in Table 1 of this section apply based on modeling and testing as described in subpart F of this part. The provisions of § 1037.241 specify how to comply with the standards in this paragraph (b).

Table 1 of § 1037.106 - CO2 Standards for Class 7 and Class 8 Tractors by Model Year

[g/ton-mile]

Subcategory a Phase 1
standards for
model years
2014-2016
Phase 1
standards for
model years
2017-2020
Phase 2
standards for
model years
2021-2023
Phase 2
standards for
model years
2024-2026
Phase 2
standards for
model year
2027 and later
Class 7 Low-Roof (all cab styles) 107 104 105.5 99.8 96.2
Class 7 Mid-Roof (all cab styles) 119 115 113.2 107.1 103.4
Class 7 High-Roof (all cab styles) 124 120 113.5 106.6 100.0
Class 8 Low-Roof Day Cab 81 80 80.5 76.2 73.4
Class 8 Low-Roof Sleeper Cab 68 66 72.3 68.0 64.1
Class 8 Mid-Roof Day Cab 88 86 85.4 80.9 78.0
Class 8 Mid-Roof Sleeper Cab 76 73 78.0 73.5 69.6
Class 8 High-Roof Day Cab 92 89 85.6 80.4 75.7
Class 8 High-Roof Sleeper Cab 75 72 75.7 70.7 64.3
Heavy-Haul Tractors 52.4 50.2 48.3

a Subcategory terms are defined in § 1037.801.

(c) No CH4 or N2O standards apply under this section. See 40 CFR part 1036 for CH4 or N2O standards that apply to engines used in these vehicles.

(d) You may generate or use emission credits for averaging, banking, and trading as described in subpart H of this part. This requires that you calculate a credit quantity if you specify a Family Emission Limit (FEL) that is different than the standard specified in this section for a given pollutant. The FEL may not be less than the result of emission modeling from § 1037.520. These FELs serve as the emission standards for the specific vehicle subfamily instead of the standards specified in paragraph (a) of this section.

(e) The exhaust emission standards of this section apply for the full useful life, expressed in service miles or calendar years, whichever comes first. The following useful life values apply for the standards of this section:

(1) 185,000 miles or 10 years, whichever comes first, for vehicles at or below 33,000 pounds GVWR.

(2) 435,000 miles or 10 years, whichever comes first, for vehicles above 33,000 pounds GVWR.

(f) You may optionally certify Class 7 tractors to Class 8 standards as follows:

(1) You may optionally certify 4×2 tractors with heavy heavy-duty engines to the standards and useful life for Class 8 tractors, with no restriction on generating or using emission credits within the Class 8 averaging set.

(2) You may optionally certify Class 7 tractors not covered by paragraph (f)(1) of this section to the standards and useful life for Class 8 tractors. Credit provisions apply as follows:

(i) If you certify all your Class 7 tractors to Class 8 standards, you may use these Heavy HDV credits without restriction. This paragraph (f)(2)(i) applies equally for hybrid and electric vehicles.

(ii) This paragraph (f)(2)(ii) applies if you certify some Class 7 tractors to Class 8 standards under this paragraph (f)(2) but not all of them. If you include Class 7 tractors in a subfamily of Class 8 tractors with an FEL below the standard, exclude the production volume of Class 7 tractors from the credit calculation. Conversely, if you include Class 7 tractors in a subfamily of Class 8 tractors with an FEL above the standard, you must include the production volume of Class 7 tractors in the credit calculation.

(g) Diesel auxiliary power units installed on tractors subject to standards under this section must meet PM standards as follows:

(1) For model years 2021 through 2023, the APU engine must be certified under 40 CFR part 1039 with a deteriorated emission level for PM at or below 0.15 g/kW-hr.

(2) Starting in model year 2024, auxiliary power units installed on tractors subject to standards under this section must be certified to the PM emission standard specified in 40 CFR 1039.699. Selling, offering for sale, or introducing or delivering into commerce in the United States or importing into the United States a new tractor subject to this standard is a violation of 40 CFR 1068.101(a)(1) unless the auxiliary power unit has a valid certificate of conformity and the required label showing that it meets the PM standard of this paragraph (g)(2).

(3) See § 1037.660(e) for requirements that apply for diesel APUs in model year 2020 and earlier tractors.

[81 FR 74048, Oct. 25, 2016, as amended at 86 FR 34459, June 29, 2021]

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