42 CFR § 110.3 - Definitions.

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§ 110.3 Definitions.

This section defines certain words and phrases found throughout this part.

(a) Act or PHS Act means the Public Health Service Act, as amended.

(b) Alternative calculation means the calculation used in § 110.82(c) of this part for the death benefit available to dependents younger than 18 years old at the time of payment.

(c) Approval means a decision by the Secretary or her designee that the requester is eligible for benefits under the Program.

(d) Benefits means payments and/or compensation for reasonable and necessary medical expenses or provision of services described in § 110.31, lost employment income described in § 110.32, and/or payment to certain survivors of death benefits described in § 110.33.


(1) Child means any natural, illegitimate, adopted, posthumous child, or stepchild of a deceased injured countermeasure recipient who, at the time of the countermeasure recipient's death is:

(i) 18 years of age or younger; or

(ii) Between 19 and 22 years of age and a full-time student; or

(iii) Incapable of self-support due to a physical or mental disability.

(2) Posthumous child means a child born after the death of the parent.

(3) Stepchild means a child of an injured countermeasure recipient's spouse but who is not the child of the injured countermeasure recipient. For a stepchild to be eligible for survivor death benefits under the Program, the stepchild's parent must have been married to the injured countermeasure recipient at the time of that injured countermeasure recipient's death, and the stepchild must have been supported by the injured countermeasure recipient.

(f) Covered Countermeasure means the term that is defined in section 319F–3(i)(1) of the PHS Act and described in a declaration issued under section 319F–3(b) of the PHS Act (42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(i)(I), (b)). To be a covered countermeasure for purposes of this part, the countermeasure must have been administered or used pursuant to the terms of a declaration, or in a good faith belief of such; and

(1) Administered or used within a State (as defined in § 110.3(bb)), or otherwise in the territory of the United States; or

(2) Administered to, or used by, otherwise eligible individuals—

(i) At American embassies or military installations abroad (such as military bases, ships, and camps); or

(ii) At North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) installations (subject to the NATO Status Agreement) where American servicemen and servicewomen are stationed.

(g) Covered Injury means death, or a serious injury as described in § 110.3(z), and determined by the Secretary in accordance with § 110.20 of this part to be:

(1) An injury meeting the requirements of a Covered Countermeasures Injury Table, which is presumed to be the direct result of the administration or use of a covered countermeasure unless the Secretary determines there is another more likely cause; or

(2) An injury (or its health complications) that is the direct result of the administration or use of a covered countermeasure. This includes serious aggravation caused by a covered countermeasure of a pre-existing condition.

(h) Declaration means a recommendation issued by the Secretary under section 319F–3(b) of the PHS Act (42 U.S.C. 247d–6d(b)), for the manufacture, testing, development, distribution, administration, or use of one or more covered countermeasures, following her determination that a specific disease, condition, or threat represents a public health emergency or a credible risk of a future public health emergency.

(i) Dependent means, for purposes of lost employment income benefits, a person whom the Internal Revenue Service would consider to be the injured countermeasure recipient's dependent at the time the covered injury was sustained. For purposes of survivor death benefits, dependent means a person whom the Internal Revenue Service would consider to be the deceased injured countermeasure recipient's dependent at the time the covered injury was sustained, and who is younger than the age of 18 at the time of filing the Request Form.

(j) Disapproval means a decision by the Secretary that the individual requesting benefits is not eligible to receive benefits under the Program for the specified injury that is the basis of the Request for Benefits.

(k) Effective period of the declaration means the time span specified in a declaration, or as amended by the Secretary.

(l) Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) Program means the workers' compensation benefits program for civilian officers and employees of the Federal Government established under 5 U.S.C. 8101 et seq. as amended, and implemented by the United States Department of Labor in regulations codified at 20 CFR part 10, as amended.

(m) Healthcare provider means an individual licensed, certified, or registered by an appropriate authority and who is qualified and authorized to provide health care services, such as diagnosing and treating physical or mental health conditions, prescribing medications, and providing primary and/or specialty care.

(n) Injured countermeasure recipient means an individual:

(1) Who, with respect to administration or use of a covered countermeasure pursuant to a Secretarial declaration:

(i) Meets the specifications of the pertinent declaration; or

(ii) Is administered or uses a covered countermeasure in a good faith belief that he or she is in a category described by paragraph (1)(i) of this definition; and

(2) Sustained a covered injury as defined in § 110.3(g).

(3) If a covered countermeasure is administered to, or used by, a pregnant woman in accordance with paragraphs (1)(i) or (1)(ii) of this definition, any child from that pregnancy who survives birth is an injured countermeasure recipient if the child is born with, or later sustains, a covered injury (as defined in section 110.3(g)) as the direct result of the covered countermeasure's administration to, or use by, the mother during her pregnancy.

(o) Lacks legal capacity means legally incompetent to receive payment(s) of benefits, as determined under applicable law.

(p) Medical records means documentation associated with primary care, hospital in-patient and out-patient care, specialty consultations, and diagnostic testing and results.

(q) Payer of last resort means that the Program pays benefits secondary to all other public and private third-party payers who have an obligation to pay for such benefits.

(r) Program means the Countermeasures Injury Compensation Program (CICP).

(s) PREP Act means the Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act, codified as sections 319F–3 and 319F–4 of the PHS Act (42 U.S.C. 247d–6d, 42 U.S.C. 247d–6e).

(t) Public Safety Officers' Benefits (PSOB) Program means the Program established under Subpart 1 of part L of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796 et seq.), as amended, and implemented by the United States Department of Justice in regulations codified at 28 CFR part 32, as amended.

(u) Representative (legal or personal) means someone other than the person for whom Program benefits are sought, and who is authorized to file the Request Package on the requester's behalf pursuant to § 110.44.

(v) Requester means an injured countermeasure recipient, or survivor, or the estate of a deceased injured countermeasure recipient (through the executor or administrator of the estate) who files a Request Package for Program benefits, or on whose behalf a Request Package is filed, under this part.

(w) Request Form or Request for Benefits Form means the document designated by the Secretary for applying for Program benefits under this part.

(x) Request Package means the Request Form, all documentation submitted by, or on behalf of, the requester, and all documentation obtained by the Secretary as authorized by, or on behalf of, the requester for determinations of Program eligibility and benefits under this part.

(y) Secretary means the Secretary of Health and Human Services and any other officer or employee of the Department of Health and Human Services to whom the authority conferred on the Secretary under the PREP Act has been delegated.

(z) Serious injury means serious physical injury. Physical biochemical alterations leading to physical changes and serious functional abnormalities at the cellular or tissue level in any bodily function may, in certain circumstances, be considered serious injuries. As a general matter, only injuries that warranted hospitalization (whether or not the person was actually hospitalized) or injuries that led to a significant loss of function or disability (whether or not hospitalization was warranted) will be considered serious injuries.

(aa) Standard calculation means the calculation used in § 110.82(b) of this part for the death benefit available to all eligible survivors (other than surviving dependents younger than the age of 18 who do not fit the definition of “child” under § 110.3(e)).

(bb) State means any State of the United States of America, the District of Columbia, United States territories, commonwealths, and possessions, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Republic of Palau, and the Federated States of Micronesia.

(cc) Survivor means a person meeting the requirements of § 110.11 with respect to a deceased injured countermeasure recipient who died as a direct result of a covered injury.

(dd) Table or Table of Injuries means a Table of Covered Countermeasure Injuries to be included under Subpart K of this part, including the definitions and requirements set out therein.

(ee) Third-party payer means the United States (other than for payments of benefits under this Program) or any other third party, including but not limited to, any State or local governmental entity, private insurance carrier, or employer, any public or private entity with a legal or contractual obligation to pay for or provide benefits. The Program is the payer of last resort.

[75 FR 63675, Oct. 15, 2010, as amended at 76 FR 62308, Oct. 7, 2011]