46 CFR 11.305 - Radar-Observer certificates and qualifying courses.

§ 11.305 Radar-Observer certificates and qualifying courses.
(a) A student who takes an approved course of training, which includes passing both a radar-theory examination and a practical demonstration on a simulator, and who meets the requirements of this section is entitled to an appropriate Radar-Observer certificate—
(1) In a form prescribed by the school and acceptable to the Coast Guard; and
(2) Signed by the head of the school.
(b) The following Radar-Observer certificates are issued under this section:
(1) Radar Observer (Unlimited).
(2) Radar Observer (Inland Waters and Gulf-Intracoastal Waterway [GIWW]).
(3) Radar Observer (Rivers).
(4) Radar Observer (Unlimited: Renewal).
(5) Radar Observer (Inland Waters and GIWW: Renewal).
(6) Radar Observer (Rivers: Renewal).
(c) A school with an approved Radar-Observer course may issue a certificate listed in paragraph (b) of this section after the student has successfully completed the appropriate curriculum as follows:
(1) Radar Observer (Unlimited). Classroom instruction—including demonstration and practical exercises using simulators—and examination, in the following subjects:
(i) Fundamentals of radar:
(A) How radar works.
(B) Factors affecting the performance and accuracy of marine radar.
(C) Purposes and functions of the main components that constitute a typical marine-radar system.
(ii) Operation and use of radar:
(A) Purpose and adjustment of controls.
(B) Detection of malfunctions, false and indirect echoes, and other radar phenomena.
(C) Effects of sea return, weather, and other environmental conditions.
(D) Limitations of radar resulting from design factors.
(E) Safety precautions associated with use and maintenance of marine radar.
(F) Measurement of ranges and bearings.
(G) Effect of size, shape, composition, and distance of vessels and terrestrial targets on echo.
(iii) Interpretation and analysis of radar information:
(A) Radar navigation (including visual techniques)—determining positions, and detecting changes in the relative motion, of other vessels.
(B) Collision-avoidance, including visual techniques, appropriate to the circumstances and the equipment in use.
(C) Determining the course and speed of another vessel.
(D) Determining the time and distance of closest point of approach of a crossing, meeting, overtaking, or overtaken vessel.
(E) Detecting changes of course or speed of another vessel after its initial course and speed have been established.
(F) Applying the Navigational Rules, Chapters 30 and 34 of Title 33 U.S. Code [Commandant Instruction M16672.2C, as amended, or equivalent], and other factors to consider when determining changes of course or speed of a vessel to prevent collisions on the basis of radar observation.
(G) Use of radar in maintaining situational awareness.
(iv) Plotting (by any graphically-correct method):
(A) Principles and methods of plotting relative and true motion.
(B) Practical-plotting problems.
(2) Radar Observer (Inland Waters and GIWW). Classroom instruction—with emphasis on situations and problems encountered on inland waters and the GIWW, including demonstration and practical exercises using simulators—and examination, in the following subjects:
(i) Fundamentals of radar:
(A) How radar works.
(B) Factors affecting the performance and accuracy of marine radar.
(C) Purpose and functions of the main components that constitute a typical marine-radar system.
(ii) Operation and use of radar:
(A) Purpose and adjustment of controls.
(B) Detection of malfunctions, false and indirect echoes, and other radar phenomena.
(C) Effects of sea return, weather, and other environmental conditions.
(D) Limitations of radar resulting from design factors.
(E) Safety precautions associated with use and maintenance of marine radar.
(F) Measurement of ranges and bearings.
(G) Effect of size, shape, composition, and distance of vessels and terrestrial targets on echo.
(iii) Interpretation and analysis of radar information:
(A) Radar navigation (including visual techniques)—determining positions, and detecting changes in the relative motion, of other vessels.
(B) Collision-avoidance, including visual techniques, appropriate to the circumstances and the equipment in use.
(C) Determining the course and speed of another vessel.
(D) Determining the time and distance of closest point of approach of a crossing, meeting, overtaking, or overtaken vessel.
(E) Detecting changes of course or speed of another vessel after its initial course and speed have been established.
(F) Applying the Navigational Rules, and other factors to consider when determining changes of course or speed of a vessel to prevent collisions on the basis of radar observation.
(G) Use of radar in maintaining situational awareness.
(3) Radar Observer (Rivers). Classroom instruction—with emphasis on situations and problems encountered on rivers, including demonstration and practical exercises using simulators—and examination, in the following subjects:
(i) Fundamentals of radar:
(A) How radar works.
(B) Factors affecting the performance and accuracy of marine radar.
(C) Purpose and functions of the main components that constitute a typical marine-radar system.
(ii) Operation and use of radar:
(A) Purpose and adjustment of controls.
(B) Detection of malfunctions, false and indirect echoes, and other radar phenomena.
(C) Effects of sea return, weather, and other environmental conditions.
(D) Limitations of radar resulting from design factors.
(E) Safety precautions associated with use and maintenance of marine radar.
(F) Measurement of ranges and bearings, recognizing limited use of radar bearings in curving, narrow channels.
(G) Effect of size, shape, composition, and distance of vessels and terrestrial targets on echo.
(iii) Interpretation and analysis of radar information:
(A) Radar navigation (including visual techniques)—determining positions, and detecting changes in the relative motion, of other vessels.
(B) Collision-avoidance, including visual techniques, appropriate to the circumstances and the equipment in use.
(C) Applying the Navigational Rules, and other factors to consider when determining changes of course or speed of a vessel to prevent collisions on the basis of radar observation.
(D) Use of radar in maintaining situational awareness.
(4) Radar Observer (Unlimited: Renewal). Classroom instruction—including demonstration and practical exercises using simulators—and examination, in the following subjects:
(i) Interpretation and analysis of radar information:
(A) Radar navigation (including visual techniques)—determining positions, and detecting changes in the relative motion, of other vessels.
(B) Collision-avoidance, including visual techniques, appropriate to the circumstances and the equipment in use.
(C) Determining the course and speed of another vessel.
(D) Determining the time and distance of closest point of approach of a crossing, meeting, overtaking, or overtaken vessel.
(E) Detecting changes of course or speed of another vessel after its initial course and speed have been established.
(F) Applying the Navigational Rules, and other factors to consider when determining changes of course or speed of a vessel to prevent collisions on the basis of radar observation.
(G) Use of radar in maintaining situational awareness.
(ii) Plotting (by any graphically-correct method):
(A) Principles and methods of plotting relative and true motion.
(B) Practical-plotting problems.
(5) Radar Observer (Inland Waters and GIWW: Renewal). Classroom instruction—including demonstration and practical exercises using simulators—and examination, in the interpretation and analysis of radar information, including:
(i) Radar navigation (including visual techniques—determining positions, and detecting changes in the relative motion, of other vessels.
(ii) Collision-avoidance, including visual techniques, appropriate to the circumstances and the equipment in use.
(iii) Determining the course and speed of another vessel.
(iv) Determining the time and distance of closest point of approach of a crossing, meeting, overtaking, or overtaken vessel.
(v) Detecting changes of course or speed of another vessel after its initial course and speed have been established.
(vi) Applying the Navigational Rules, and other factors to consider when determining changes of course or speed of a vessel to prevent collisions on the basis of radar observation.
(vii) Use of radar in maintaining situational awareness.
(6) Radar Observer (Rivers: Renewal). Classroom instruction—including demonstration and practical exercises using simulators—and examination, in the interpretation and analysis of radar information, including:
(i) Radar navigation (including visual techniques)—determining positions, and detecting changes in the relative motion, of other vessels.
(ii) Collision-avoidance, including visual techniques, appropriate to the circumstances and the equipment in use.
(iii) Applying the Navigational Rules, and other factors to consider when determining changes of course or speed of a vessel to prevent collisions on the basis of radar observation.
(iv) Use of radar in maintaining situational awareness.
[CGD 94-041, 62 FR 11303, Mar. 11, 1997]
Beta! The text on the eCFR tab represents the unofficial eCFR text at ecfr.gov.
§ 11.305 Requirements to qualify for an STCW endorsement as master of vessels of 3,000 GT or more (management level).

(a) To qualify for an STCW endorsement as master, an applicant must -

(1) Provide evidence of 36 months of service as OICNW on vessels operating in oceans, near-coastal waters, and/or Great Lakes. This period may be reduced to not less than 24 months if the applicant served as chief mate for not less than 12 months. Service on inland waters that are navigable waters of the United States may be substituted for up to 50 percent of the total required service. Experience gained in the engine department on vessels may be creditable for up to 3 months of the service requirements;

(2) Provide evidence of meeting the standard of competence specified in Section A-II/2 of the STCW Code (incorporated by reference, see § 11.102 of this part); and

(3) Provide evidence of having satisfactorily completed approved training in the following subject areas:

(i) Advanced shiphandling.

(ii) Advanced stability.

(iii) Advanced meteorology.

(iv) Leadership and managerial skills.

(v) Search and rescue.

(vi) ARPA, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.

(vii) ECDIS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.

(viii) GMDSS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.

(ix) Management of medical care.

(b) For a renewal of an STCW endorsement as master of vessels of 3,000 GT or more to be valid on or after January 1, 2017, each candidate must provide evidence of successful completion of approved training in the following:

(1) Leadership and managerial skills.

(2) ECDIS, if serving on a vessel with this equipment.

(c) The Coast Guard may exempt an applicant from meeting any individual knowledge, understanding, and proficiency required in Section A-II/2 of the STCW Code. These exemptions must be approved by the Coast Guard based upon vessel type. Under these circumstances, the credential may include a corresponding limitation.

(d) Seafarers holding an STCW endorsement as masters of vessels of 500 GT or more and less than 3,000 GT, in accordance with § 11.311 of this subpart, are eligible to apply for the endorsement as master on vessels of 3,000 GT or more upon completion of 6 months of sea service, under the authority of the endorsement, and must complete any items in paragraphs (a)(2) and (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.

(e) Seafarers with one of the following national officer endorsements are eligible to apply for this endorsement upon completion of the requirements in table 1 to this paragraph:

Table 1 to § 11.305(e) - STCW Endorsement as Master of Vessels of 3,000 GT or More

Entry path from national endorsements Sea service under
authority of
the endorsement 1
Competence - STCW Table A-II/2 2 Training required by this
section 3
Master ocean or near-coastal, unlimited tonnage None Yes Yes.
Master OSV None Yes Yes.

1 This column provides the minimum additional service required of the seafarer in order to meet the requirements of this section.

2 Complete any items in paragraph (a)(2) of this section not previously satisfied.

3 Complete any items in paragraph (a)(3) of this section not previously satisfied.

[USCG-2004-17914, 78 FR 77909, Dec. 24, 2013, as amended by USCG-2014-0688, 79 FR 58276, Sept. 29, 2014]

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

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United States Code
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Executive Order ... 10173

Title 46 published on 2015-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 46 CFR Part 11 after this date.

  • 2015-10-16; vol. 80 # 200 - Friday, October 16, 2015
    1. 80 FR 62466 - Shipping; Technical, Organizational, and Conforming Amendments
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, Coast Guard
      Final rule.
      This final rule is effective October 16, 2015.
      46 CFR Parts 2, 5, 11, 107, 113, 114, 117, 125, 159, 162, 175, and 180