Fla. Admin. Code Ann. R. 62-302.200 - Definitions

Current through Reg. 47, No. 249; December 28, 2021

As used in this chapter:

(1) "Acute toxicity" shall mean a concentration greater than one-third (1/3) of the amount lethal to 50% of the test organisms in 96 hours (96 hr LC50) for a species protective of the indigenous aquatic community for a substance not identified in paragraph 62-302.500(1)(c), F.A.C., or for mixtures of substances, including effluents.
(2) "Annual average flow" is the long-term harmonic mean flow of the receiving water, or an equivalent flow based on generally accepted scientific procedures in waters for which such a mean cannot be calculated. For waters for which flow records have been kept for at least the last three years, "long-term" shall mean the period of record. For all other waters, "long-term" shall mean three years (unless the Department finds the data from that period not representative of present flow conditions, based on evidence of land use or other changes affecting the flow) or the period of records sufficient to show a variation of flow of at least three orders of magnitude, whichever period is less. For nontidal portions of rivers and streams, the harmonic mean (Qhm) shall be calculated as

Qhm =

n

____________________________

1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + . . . + 1

Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Qn

in which each Q is an individual flow record and n is the total number of records. In lakes and reservoirs, the annual average flow shall be based on the hydraulic residence time, which shall be calculated according to generally accepted scientific procedures, using the harmonic mean flows for the inflow sources. In tidal estuaries and coastal systems or tidal portions of rivers and streams, the annual average flow shall be determined using methods described in EPA publication no. 600/6-85/002b pages 142-227, incorporated by reference in paragraph 62-4.246(9)(k), F.A.C., or by other generally accepted scientific procedures, using the harmonic mean flow for any freshwater inflow. If there are insufficient data to determine the harmonic mean then the harmonic mean shall be estimated by methods as set forth in the EPA publication Technical Support Document for Water Quality-Based Toxics Control (March 1991), incorporated by reference in paragraph 62-4.246(9)(d), F.A.C., or other generally accepted scientific procedures. In situations with seasonably variable effluent discharge rates, hold-and-release treatment systems, and effluent-dominated sites, annual average flow shall mean modeling techniques that calculate long-term average daily concentrations from long-term individual daily flows and concentrations in accordance with generally accepted scientific procedures.

(3) "Background" shall mean the condition of waters in the absence of the activity or discharge under consideration, based on the best scientific information available to the Department.
(4) "Biological Health Assessment" shall mean one of the following aquatic community-based biological evaluations: Stream Condition Index (SCI), Lake Vegetation Index (LVI), or Shannon-Weaver Diversity Index.
(5) "Chronic Toxicity".
(a) For a substance without an aquatic life-based criterion in Rule 62-302.530, F.A.C., and where chronic toxicity studies evaluating the toxicity of the substance are available, or for mixtures of substances, including effluents, chronic toxicity shall mean the concentration that equals or exceeds the IC25 on species protective of the indigenous aquatic community; or
(b) For a substance without an aquatic life-based criterion in Rule 62-302.530, F.A.C., and where chronic toxicity studies evaluating the toxicity of the substance on species protective of the indigenous aquatic community are not available, the chronic toxicity of a substance shall be established as a concentration greater than one-twentieth (1/20) of the amount lethal to 50% of the test organisms in 96 hours (96 hr LC 50) for a species protective of the indigenous aquatic community.
(6) "Commission" shall mean the Environmental Regulation Commission.
(7) "Compensation point for photosynthetic activity" shall mean the depth within the water column at which one percent of the surface Photosynthetically Active Radiation remains unabsorbed. The light intensities immediately below the surface and at depth shall be measured by irradiance meters that measure the total irradiance of light between 400 and 700 nm.
(8) "Department" shall mean the Department of Environmental Protection.
(9) "Designated use" shall mean the present and future most beneficial use of a body of water as designated by the Environmental Regulation Commission by means of the Classification system contained in this chapter.
(10) "Dissolved metal" shall mean the metal fraction that passes through a 0.45 micron filter.
(11) "Effluent limitation" shall mean any restriction established by the Department on quantities, rates or concentrations of chemical, physical, biological or other constituents which are discharged from sources into waters of the State.
(12) "Exceptional ecological significance" shall mean that a waterbody is a part of an ecosystem of unusual value. The exceptional significance may be in unusual species, productivity, diversity, ecological relationships, ambient water quality, scientific or educational interest, or in other aspects of the ecosystem's setting or processes.
(13) "Exceptional recreational significance" shall mean unusual value as a resource for outdoor recreation activities. Outdoor recreation activities include, but are not limited to, fishing, boating, canoeing, water skiing, swimming, scuba diving, or nature observation. The exceptional significance may be in the intensity of present recreational usage, in an unusual quality of recreational experience, or in the potential for unusual future recreational use or experience.
(14) "Existing uses" shall mean any actual beneficial use of the waterbody on or after November 28, 1975.
(15) "IC25"or "Inhibition Concentration 25%" shall mean the concentration of toxicant that causes a 25% reduction in a biological response such as biomass, growth, fecundity, or reproduction in the test population when compared to the control population response.
(16) "Lake" shall mean, for purposes of interpreting the narrative nutrient criterion in paragraph 62-302.530(47)(b), F.A.C., a lentic fresh waterbody with a relatively long water residence time and an open water area that is free from emergent vegetation under typical hydrologic and climatic conditions. Aquatic plants, as defined in subsection 62-340.200(1), F.A.C., may be present in the open water. Lakes do not include springs, wetlands, or streams (except portions of streams that exhibit lake-like characteristics, such as long water residence time, increased width, or predominance of biological taxa typically found in non-flowing conditions).
(17) "Lake Vegetation Index (LVI)" shall mean a Biological Health Assessment that measures lake biological health in predominantly freshwaters using aquatic and wetland plants, performed and calculated using the Standard Operating Procedures for the LVI in the document titled LVI 1000: Lake Vegetation Index Methods (DEP-SOP-003/11 LVI 1000), dated 3/1/14 (http://www.flrules.org/Gateway/reference.asp?No=Ref-06037), and the methodology in Sampling and Use of the Lake Vegetation Index (LVI) for Assessing Lake Plant Communities in Florida: A Primer (DEP-SAS-002/11), dated 10-24-11 (http://www.flrules.org/Gateway/reference.asp?No=Ref-06038), which are incorporated by reference herein. Copies of the documents may be obtained by writing to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Water Quality Standards Program, 2600 Blair Stone Road, MS #6511, Tallahassee, FL 32399-2400.
(18) "Man-induced conditions which cannot be controlled or abated" shall mean conditions that have been influenced by human activities, and,
(a) Would remain after removal of all point sources;
(b) Would remain after imposition of best management practices for non-point sources; and,
(c) Cannot be restored or abated by physical alteration of the waterbody, or there is no reasonable relationship between the economic, social and environmental costs and the benefits of restoration or physical alteration.
(19) "Natural background" shall mean the condition of waters in the absence of man-induced alterations based on the best scientific information available to the Department. The establishment of natural background for an altered waterbody may be based upon a similar unaltered waterbody, historical pre-alteration data, paleolimnological examination of sediment cores, or examination of geology and soils. When determining natural background conditions for a lake, the lake's location and regional characteristics as described and depicted in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency document titled Lake Regions of Florida (EPA/R-97/127, dated 1997, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Corvallis, OR) (http://www.flrules.org/Gateway/reference.asp?No=Ref-06267), which is incorporated by reference herein, shall also be considered. The lake regions in this document are grouped according to ambient total phosphorus and total nitrogen concentrations in the following lake zones:
(a) The TP1 phosphorus zone consists of the USEPA Lake Regions 65-03, and 65-05.
(b) The TP2 phosphorus zone consists of the USEPA Lake Regions 75-04, 75-09, 75-14, 75-15 and 75-33.
(c) The TP3 phosphorus zone consists of the USEPA Lake Regions 65-01, 65-02, 75-01, 75-03, 75-05, 75-11, 75-12, 75-16, 75-19, 75-20, 75-23, 75-24, 75-27, 75-32 and 76-03.
(d) The TP4 phosphorus zone consists of the USEPA Lake Regions 65-04, 75-02, 75-06, 75-08, 75-10, 75-13, 75-17, 75-21, 75-22, 75-26, 75-29, 75-31, 75-34, 76-01 and 76-02.
(e) The TP5 phosphorus zone consists of the USEPA Lake Regions 75-18, 75-25, 75-35, 75-36 and 76-04.
(f) The TP6 phosphorus zone consists of the USEPA Lake Regions 65-06, 75-07, 75-28, 75-30 and 75-37.
(g) The TN1 nitrogen zone consists of the USEPA Lake Region 65-03.
(h) The TN2 nitrogen zone consists of the USEPA Lake Regions 65-05 and 75-04.
(i) The TN3 nitrogen zone consists of the USEPA Lake Regions 65-01, 65-02, 65-04, 75-01, 75-02, 75-03, 75-09, 75-11, 75-15, 75-20, 75-23, 75-33 and 76-03.
(j) The TN4 nitrogen zone consists of the USEPA Lake Regions 65-06, 75-05, 75-06, 75-10, 75-12, 75-13, 75-14, 75-16, 75-17, 75-18, 75-19, 75-21, 75-22, 75-24, 75-26, 75-27 and 75-29, 75-31, 75-32, 75-34 and 76-02.
(k) The TN5 nitrogen zone consists of the USEPA Lake Regions 75-07,75-08, 75-25, 75-28, 75-30, 75-35, 75-36, 75-37, 76-01 and 76-04.

The Lake Regions document may be obtained from the website above or by writing to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Water Quality Standards Program, 2600 Blair Stone Road, MS #6511, Tallahassee, FL 32399-2400.

(20) "Nuisance species" shall mean species of flora or fauna whose noxious characteristics or presence in sufficient number, biomass, or areal extent may reasonably be expected to prevent, or unreasonably interfere with, a designated use of those waters.
(21) "Nursery area of indigenous aquatic life" shall mean any bed of the following aquatic plants, either in monoculture or mixed: Halodule wrightii, Halophila spp., Potamogeton spp. (pondweed), Ruppia maritima (widgeon-grass), Sagittaria spp. (arrowhead), Syringodium filiforme (manatee-grass), Thalassia testudinum (turtle grass), or Vallisneria spp. (eel-grass), or any area used by the early-life stages, larvae and post-larvae, of aquatic life during the period of rapid growth and development into the juvenile states.
(22) "Nutrient" shall mean total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), or their organic or inorganic forms.
(23) "Nutrient response variable" shall mean a biological variable, such as chlorophyll a, biomass, or structure of the phytoplankton, periphyton or vascular plant community, that responds to nutrient load or concentration in a predictable and measurable manner. For purposes of interpreting paragraph 62-302.530(47)(b), F.A.C., dissolved oxygen (DO) shall also be considered a nutrient response variable if it is demonstrated for the waterbody that DO conditions result in biological imbalance and the DO responds to a nutrient load or concentration in a predictable and measurable manner.
(24) "Nutrient Threshold" shall mean a concentration of nutrients that applies to a Nutrient Watershed Region and is derived from a statistical distribution of data from reference or benchmark sites. Nutrient Thresholds are only applied to streams as specified in paragraph 62-302.531(2)(c), F.A.C.
(25) "Nutrient Watershed Region" shall mean a drainage area over which the nutrient thresholds in paragraph 62-302.531(2)(c), F.A.C., apply.
(a) The Panhandle West region consists of the Perdido Bay Watershed, Pensacola Bay Watershed, Choctawhatchee Bay Watershed, St. Andrew Bay Watershed, and Apalachicola Bay Watershed.
(b) The Panhandle East region consists of the Apalachee Bay Watershed, and Econfina/Steinhatchee Coastal Drainage Area.
(c) The North Central region consists of the Suwannee River Watershed and the "stream to sink" region in Alachua, Marion and Levy Counties that is affected by the Hawthorne Formation.
(d) The West Central region consists of the Peace, Myakka, Hillsborough, Alafia, Manatee, Little Manatee River Watersheds, Sarasota/Lemon Bay Watershed and small, direct Tampa Bay tributary watersheds south of the Hillsborough River Watershed.
(e) The Peninsula region consists of the Waccasassa Coastal Drainage Area, Withlacoochee Coastal Drainage Area, Crystal/Pithlachascotee Coastal Drainage Area, small, direct Tampa Bay tributary watersheds west of the Hillsborough River Watershed, small, direct Charlotte Harbor tributary watersheds south of the Peace River Watershed, Caloosahatchee River Watershed, Estero Bay Watershed, Imperial River Watershed, Kissimmee River/Lake Okeechobee Drainage Area, Loxahatchee/St. Lucie Watershed, Indian River Watershed, Daytona/St. Augustine Coastal Drainage Area, St. John's River Watershed, Nassau Coastal Drainage Area, and St. Mary's River Watershed.
(f) The South Florida region consists of those areas south of the Peninsula region, such as the Cocohatchee River Watershed, Naples Bay Watershed, Rookery Bay Watershed, Ten Thousand Islands Watershed, Lake Worth Lagoon Watershed, Southeast Coast - Biscayne Bay Watershed, Everglades Watershed, Florida Bay Watershed, and the Florida Keys.

A map of the Nutrient Watershed Regions, dated October 17, 2011 (http://www.flrules.org/Gateway/reference.asp?No=Ref-06033), is incorporated by reference herein and may be obtained by writing to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Water Quality Standards Program, 2600 Blair Stone Road, MS #6511, Tallahassee, FL 32399-2400.

(26) "Outstanding Florida Waters" shall mean waters designated by the Environmental Regulation Commission as worthy of special protection because of their natural attributes.
(27) "Outstanding National Resources Waters" shall mean waters designated by the Environmental Regulation Commission that are of such exceptional recreational or ecological significance that water quality should be maintained and protected under all circumstances, other than temporary lowering and the lowering allowed under Section 316 of the Federal Clean Water Act.
(28) "Pollution" shall mean the presence in the outdoor atmosphere or waters of the state of any substances, contaminants, noise, or man-made or man-induced alteration of the chemical, physical, biological or radiological integrity of air or water in quantities or levels which are or may be potentially harmful or injurious to human health or welfare, animal or plant life, or property, including outdoor recreation.
(29) "Predominantly fresh waters" shall mean surface waters in which the chloride concentration is less than 1,500 milligrams per liter or specific conductance is less than 4,580 µmhos/cm. Measurements for making this determination shall be taken within the bottom half of the water column.
(30) "Predominantly marine waters" shall mean surface waters in which the chloride concentration is greater than or equal to 1,500 milligrams per liter or specific conductance is greater than or equal to 4,580 micromhos/cm. Measurements for making this determination shall be taken within the bottom half of the water column.
(31) "Propagation" shall mean reproduction sufficient to maintain the species' role in its respective ecological community.
(32) "Secretary" shall mean the Secretary of the Department of Environmental Protection.
(33) "Shannon-Weaver Diversity Index" shall mean: negative summation (from i = 1 to s) of (ni/N) log2 (ni/N) where s is the number of species in a sample, N is the total number of individuals in a sample, and ni is the total number of individuals in species i.
(34) "Special Waters" shall mean water bodies designated in accordance with Rule 62-302.700, F.A.C., by the Environmental Regulation Commission for inclusion in the Special Waters Category of Outstanding Florida Waters, as contained in Rule 62-302.700, F.A.C. A Special Water may include all or part of any waterbody.
(35) "Spring vent" shall mean a location where groundwater flows out of a natural, discernable opening in the ground onto the land surface or into a predominantly fresh surface water.
(36) "Stream" shall mean, for purposes of interpreting the narrative nutrient criterion in paragraph 62-302.530(47)(b), F.A.C., under paragraph 62-302.531(2)(c), F.A.C., a predominantly fresh surface waterbody with perennial flow in a defined channel with banks during typical climatic and hydrologic conditions for its region within the state. During periods of drought, portions of a stream channel may exhibit a dry bed, but wetted pools are typically still present during these conditions. Streams do not include:
(a) Non-perennial water segments where fluctuating hydrologic conditions, including periods of desiccation, typically result in the dominance of wetland and/or terrestrial taxa (and corresponding reduction in obligate fluvial or lotic taxa), wetlands, portions of streams that exhibit lake characteristics (e.g., long water residence time, increased width, or predominance of biological taxa typically found in non-flowing conditions), or tidally influenced segments that fluctuate between predominantly marine and predominantly fresh waters during typical climatic and hydrologic conditions; or
(b) Ditches, canals and other conveyances, or segments of conveyances, that are man-made, or predominantly channelized or predominantly physically altered; and
1. Are primarily used for water management purposes, such as flood protection, stormwater management, irrigation, or water supply; and
2. Have marginal or poor stream habitat or habitat components, such as a lack of habitat or substrate that is biologically limited, because the conveyance has cross sections that are predominantly trapezoidal, has armored banks, or is maintained primarily for water conveyance.
(37) "Stream Condition Index (SCI)" shall mean a Biological Health Assessment that measures stream biological health in predominantly freshwaters using benthic macroinvertebrates, performed and calculated using the Standard Operating Procedures for the SCI in the document titled SCI 1000: Stream Condition Index Methods (DEP-SOP-003/11 SCI 1000), dated 3/1/14 (http://www.flrules.org/Gateway/reference.asp?No=Ref-06039), and the methodology in Sampling and Use of the Stream Condition Index (SCI) for Assessing Flowing Waters: A Primer (DEP-SAS-001/11), dated 10-24-11 (http://www.flrules.org/Gateway/reference.asp?No=Ref-06040), which are incorporated by reference herein. Copies of the documents may be obtained by writing to the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Water Quality Standards Program, 2600 Blair Stone Road, MS #6511, Tallahassee, FL 32399-2400. For water quality standards purposes, the Stream Condition Index shall not apply in the South Florida Nutrient Watershed Region.
(38) "Surface Water" means water upon the surface of the earth, whether contained in bounds created naturally or artificially or diffused. Water from natural springs shall be classified as surface water when it exits from the spring onto the earth's surface.
(39) "Total Maximum Daily Load" (TMDL) for an impaired waterbody or waterbody segment shall mean the sum of the individual wasteload allocations for point sources and the load allocations for nonpoint sources and natural background. Prior to determining individual wasteload allocations and load allocations, the maximum amount of a pollutant that a waterbody or water segment can assimilate from all sources without exceeding water quality standards must first be calculated. A TMDL shall include either an implicit or explicit margin of safety and a consideration of seasonal variations.
(40) "Total recoverable metal" shall mean the concentration of metal in an unfiltered sample following treatment with hot dilute mineral acid.
(41) "Water quality criteria" shall mean elements of State water quality standards, expressed as constituent concentrations, levels, or narrative statements, representing a quality of water that supports the present and future most beneficial uses.
(42) "Water quality standards" shall mean standards composed of designated present and future most beneficial uses (classification of waters), the numerical and narrative criteria, including Site Specific Alternative Criteria, applied to the specific water uses or classification, the Florida anti-degradation policy, and the moderating provisions, such a variances, mixing zone rule provisions, or exemptions.
(43) "Waters" shall be as defined in Section 403.031(13), F.S.
(44) "Zone of mixing" or "mixing zone" shall mean a volume of surface water containing the point or area of discharge and within which an opportunity for the mixture of wastes with receiving surface waters has been afforded.

Notes

Fla. Admin. Code Ann. R. 62-302.200

Rulemaking Authority 403.061, 403.087, 403.504, 403.704, 403.804, 403.805 FS. Law Implemented 403.021(11), 403.031, 403.061, 403.062, 403.085, 403.086, 403.087, 403.088, 403.502, 403.802 FS.

New 5-29-90, Amended 2-13-92, Formerly 17-302.200, Amended 1-23-95, 5-15-02, 4-2-08, 7-3-12, 8-1-13, Amended by Florida Register Volume 42, Number 021, February 2, 2016 effective 2-17-16.

Rule subsections 62-302.200(1) -(3), (5), (7), (9)-(15), (18)-(21), (29)-(30), (34), (38), (40), (42), and (44) became effective on 7-3-12, 20 days after filing the rule certification package for Florida's numeric nutrient standards. Rule subsections 62-302.200(4), (16) -(17), (22)-(25), (35)-(37), and (39) will become effective upon approval by EPA in their entirety, conclusion of rulemaking by EPA to repeal its federal numeric nutrient criterion for Florida, and EPA's determination that Florida's rules address its January 2009 determination that numeric nutrient criteria are needed in Florida.

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