Utah Admin. Code R309-215-7 - Surface Water Treatment Evaluations

(1) General: Surface water sources or groundwater sources under direct influence of surface water shall be disinfected during the course of required surface water treatment. Disinfection shall not be considered a substitute for inadequate collection facilities. All public water systems which use a treatment technique to treat water obtained in whole or in part from surface water sources or ground water sources under the direct influence of surface water shall monitor the plant's operation and report the results to the Division as indicated in R309-215-7 through R309-215-14. Individual plants will be evaluated in accordance with the criteria outlined in paragraph (2) below. Based on information submitted and/or plant inspections, the plant will receive credit for treatment techniques other than disinfection that remove pathogens, specifically Giardia lamblia and viruses. This credit (log removal) will reduce the required disinfectant "CT" value which the plant shall maintain to assure compliance with R309-200-5(7)(a)(i).
(2) Criteria for Individual Treatment Plant Evaluation: New and existing water treatment plants shall meet specified monitoring and performance criteria in order to ensure that filtration and disinfection are satisfactorily practiced. The monitoring requirements and performance criteria for turbidity and disinfection listed above provide the minimum for the Division to evaluate the plant's efficiency in removing and/or inactivating 99.9 percent (3-log) of Giardia lamblia cysts and 99.99 percent (4-log) of viruses as required by R309-505-6(2)(a) and (b).
(3) The Division, upon evaluation of individual raw water sources, surface water or ground water under the direct influence of surface water, may require greater than the 3-log, 4-log removal/inactivation of Giardia and viruses respectfully. If a raw water source exhibits an estimated concentration of 1 to 10 Giardia cysts per 100 liters, 4 and 5-log removal/inactivation may be required. If the raw water exhibits a concentration of 10 to 100 cysts per 100 liters, 5 and 6-log removal/inactivation may be required.

If a plant decides to recycle any spent filter backwash water, thickener supernatant, or liquids from dewatering processes the Division shall be notified in writing by December 8, 2003 or prior to recycling such waters. Such notification shall include, at a minimum:

(a) A plant schematic showing the origin of all flows which are recycled (including, but not limited to, spent filter backwash water, thickener supernatant, and any liquids from dewatering processes), the hydraulic conveyance used to transport them, and the location where they are reintroduced back into the treatment plant.
(b) Typical recycle flow in gallons per minute (gpm), the highest observed plant flow experienced in the previous year (gpm), design flow for the treatment plant (gpm), and operating capacity approved by the Director for the plant where the Director has made such determinations.
(c) Treatment technique (TT) requirement. Any system that recycles spent filter backwash water, thickener supernatant, or liquids from dewatering processes shall return these flows through the processes of a system's existing conventional or direct filtration system as defined in R309-525 or R309-530 or at an alternate location approved by the Director by or after June 8, 2004. If capital improvements are required to modify the recycle location to meet this requirement, all capital improvements must be completed no later than June 8, 2006.
(4) The Director, upon individual plant evaluation, may assign the treatment techniques (coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation and filtration) credit toward removal of Giardia cysts and viruses. The greater the number of barriers in the treatment process, the greater the reduction of pathogens, therefore lessor credit will be given to processes such as direct filtration which eliminate one or more conventional barriers. Plants may monitor turbidity at multiple points in the treatment process as evidence of the performance of an individual treatment technique.
(5) The nominal credit that will be assigned certain conventional processes are outlined in Table 215-1: TABLE 215-1 CONVENTIONAL PROCESS CREDIT Log Reduction Credit Process Giardia Viruses Conventional Complete Treatment 2.5 2.0 Direct Filtration 2.0 1.0 Slow Sand Filtration 2.0 2.0 Diatomaceous Earth Filters 2.0 1.0
(6) Upon evaluation of information provided by individual plants or obtained during inspections by Division staff, the Director may increase or decrease the nominal credit assigned individual plants based on that evaluation.
(a) Items which would augment the treatment process and thereby warrant increased credit are:
(i) facilities or means to moderate extreme fluctuations in raw water characteristics;
(ii) sufficient on-site laboratory facilities regularly used to alert operators to changes in raw water quality;
(iii) use of pilot stream facilities which duplicate treatment conditions but allow operators to know results of adjustments much sooner than if only monitoring plant effluent;
(iv) use of additional monitoring methods such as particle size and distribution analysis to achieve greater efficiency in particulate removal;
(v) regular program for preventive maintenance, records of such, and general good housekeeping; or
(vi) adequate staff of well trained and certified plant operators.
(b) Items which would be considered a detriment to the treatment process and thereby warrant decreased credit are:
(i) inadequate staff of trained and certified operators;
(ii) lack of regular maintenance and poor housekeeping; or
(iii) insufficient on-site laboratory facilities.


Utah Admin. Code R309-215-7

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