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10 U.S. Code § 118 - Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major weapon systems

(a) Materiel Readiness Metrics.—Each head of an element of the Department specified in paragraphs (1) through (10) of section 111(b) of this title shall establish and maintain materiel readiness metrics to enable assessment of the readiness of members of the armed forces to carry out—
the strategic framework required by section 113(g)(1)(B)(vii) of this title; and
guidance issued by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to section 113(g)(1)(B) of this title.
(b) Required Metrics.—
At a minimum, the materiel readiness metrics required by subsection (a) shall address the materiel availability, operational availability, operational capability, and materiel reliability of each major weapon system by designated mission, design series, variant, or class.
(c) Materiel Readiness Objectives.—
Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this subsection, each head of an element described in subsection (a) shall establish the metrics required by subsection (b) necessary to support the strategic framework and guidance referred to in paragraph (1) and (2) of subsection (a).
Annually, each head of an element described in subsection (a) shall review and revise the metrics required by subsection (b) and include any such revisions in the materials submitted to Congress in support of the budget of the President under section 1105 of title 31.
(d) Budget Justification.—Not later than five days after the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to Congress the materials in support of the budget of the President for a fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees an annual report on major weapons systems sustainment for the period covered by the future years defense program specified by section 221 of this title. Such report shall include—
a detailed explanation of any factors that could preclude the Department of Defense or any of the military departments from meeting applicable readiness goals or objectives.
(e) Definitions.—In this section:
The term “major weapon system” has the meaning given in section 3455(f) of this title.
The term “materiel availability” means a measure of the percentage of the total inventory of a major weapon system that is operationally capable of performing an assigned mission.
The term “materiel reliability” means the probability that a major weapon system will perform without failure over a specified interval.
The term “operational availability” means a measure of the percentage of time a major weapon system is operationally capable.
The term “operationally capable” means a materiel condition indicating that a major weapon system is capable of performing its assigned mission and has no discrepancies with a subsystem of a major weapon system.
(Added Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title III, § 351(a)(1), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1319; amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title III, § 347(a), title X, § 1081(a)(6), title XVIII, § 1883(b)(2), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 3540, 3871, 4294.)
Editorial Notes
References in Text

The date of the enactment of this subsection, referred to in subsec. (c), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 116–283, which was approved Jan. 1, 2021.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 118, added Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title IX, § 901(a)(1), Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 715; amended Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title IX, § 921(a), Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1198; Pub. L. 107–314, div. A, title IX, §§ 922, 923, Dec. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 2623; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title X, § 1031(c)–(f), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2385, 2386; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title IX, §§ 941(b), 951(a), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 287, 290; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title X, §§ 1002, 1073(a)(2), div. B, title XXVIII, § 2822(b), Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2439, 2472, 2666; Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title X, § 1071, Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4364; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title VIII, § 820(a), title IX, § 942, Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1501, 1548; Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title X, §§ 1071(c)(2), (f)(1), 1072(a)(1), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3508, 3510, 3512, related to quadrennial defense strategy review by Secretary of Defense, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title IX, § 941(b)(1), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2367.

Another prior section 118, added Pub. L. 97–295, § 1(2)(A), Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1288, § 133b; renumbered § 118, Pub. L. 99–433, title I, § 101(a)(2), Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 994, required reports to Congress on sales or transfers of defense articles, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIII, § 1301(2), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1668.


2021—Pub. L. 116–283, § 347(a)(1), amended section catchline generally. Prior to amendment, catchline read as follows: “Annual report on major weapons systems sustainment”.

Subsecs. (a) to (c). Pub. L. 116–283, § 347(a)(3), added subsecs. (a) to (c).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 116–283, § 347(a)(2), designated existing provisions as subsec. (d) and inserted heading.

Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, § 347(a)(4)(A), substituted “operational availability, and materiel reliability for each major weapon system” for “materiel reliability, and mean down time metrics for each major weapons system” and inserted “and” at end.

Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 116–283, § 1081(a)(6), which directed inserting “and” after “ ‘materiel and operational capability’,”, could not be executed because of the prior amendment by section 347(a)(4)(C) of Pub. L. 116–283. See below.

Pub. L. 116–283, § 347(a)(4)(C), struck out par. (3). Text read as follows: “an assessment of the validity and effectiveness of the definitions used to determine defense readiness, including the terms ‘major weapons system’, ‘covered asset’, ‘total and required inventory’, ‘materiel and operational availability’, ‘materiel and operational capability’, ‘materiel and operational reliability’ ”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 116–283, § 347(a)(5), added subsec. (e).

Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 116–283, § 1883(b)(2), substituted “section 3455” for “section 2379”.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by 1883(b)(2) of Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.