10 U.S. Code § 171a - Council on Oversight of the National Leadership Command, Control, and Communications System

§ 171a.
Council on Oversight of the National Leadership Command, Control, and Communications System
(a)Establishment.—
There is within the Department of Defense a council to be known as the “Council on Oversight of the National Leadership Command, Control, and Communications System” (in this section referred to as the “Council”).
(b)Membership.—The members of the Council shall be as follows:
(1)
The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.
(2)
The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
(3)
The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
(4)
The Commander of the United States Strategic Command.
(5)
The Director of the National Security Agency.
(6)
The Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense.
(7)
Such other officers of the Department of Defense as the Secretary may designate.
(c)Co-Chair.—
The Council shall be co-chaired by the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
(d)Responsibilities.—
(1)
The Council shall be responsible for oversight of the command, control, and communications system for the national leadership of the United States, including nuclear command, control, and communications, and including with respect to the integrated tactical warning and attack assessment systems, processes, and enablers, and continuity of the governmental functions of the Department of Defense.
(2) In carrying out the responsibility for oversight of the command, control, and communications system as specified in paragraph (1), the Council shall be responsible for the following:
(A)
Oversight of performance assessments (including interoperability).
(B)
Vulnerability identification and mitigation.
(C)
Architecture development(including space system architectures and associated user terminals and ground segments).
(D)
Resource prioritization.
(E)
Such other responsibilities as the Secretary of Defense shall specify for purposes of this section.
(e)Annual Reports.—During the period preceding January 31, 2021, at the same time each year that the budget of the President is submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, and from time to time after such period at the discretion of the Council, the Council shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the activities of the Council. Each report shall include the following:
(1)
A description and assessment of the activities of the Council during the previous fiscal year.
(2)
A description of the activities proposed to be undertaken by the Council during the period covered by the current future-years defense program under section 221 of this title.
(3)
Any changes to the requirements of the command, control, and communications system for the national leadership of the United States made during the previous year, along with an explanation for why the changes were made and a description of the effects of the changes to the capability of the system.
(4)
A breakdown of each program element in such budget that relates to the system, including how such program element relates to the operation and sustainment, research and development, procurement, or other activity of the system.
(5)
An assessment of the threats and vulnerabilities described in the reports and assessments collected under subsection (f) during the previous year, including any plans to address such threats and vulnerabilities.
(6)
An assessment of the readiness of the command, control, and communications system for the national leadership of the United States and of each layer of the system, as that layer relates to nuclear command, control, and communications.
(f)Collection of Assessments on Certain Threats.—
The Council shall collect and assess (consistent with the provision of classified information and intelligence sources and methods) all reports and assessments otherwise conducted by the intelligence community (as defined in section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003(4)) [1] regarding foreign threats, including cyber threats, to the command, control, and communications system for the national leadership of the United States and the vulnerabilities of such system to such threats.
(g)Budget and Funding Matters.—
(1) Not later than 30 days after the President submits to Congress the budget for a fiscal year under section 1105(a) of title 31, the Commander of the United States Strategic Command shall submit to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff an assessment of—
(A)
whether such budget allows the Federal Government to meet the required capabilities of the command, control, and communications system for the national leadership of the United States during the fiscal year covered by the budget and the four subsequent fiscal years; and
(B)
if the Commander determines that such budget does not allow the Federal Government to meet such required capabilities, a description of the steps being taken to meet such required capabilities.
(2) Not later than 30 days after the date on which the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff receives the assessment of the Commander of the United States Strategic Command under paragraph (1), the Chairman shall submit to the congressional defense committees—
(A)
such assessment as it was submitted to the Chairman; and
(B)
any comments of the Chairman.
(3)
If a House of Congress adopts a bill authorizing or appropriating funds for the activities of the command, control, and communications system for the national leadership of the United States that, as determined by the Council, provides insufficient funds for such activities for the period covered by such bill, the Council shall notify the congressional defense committees of the determination.
(h)Notification of Anomalies.—
(1)
The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees written notification of an anomaly in the nuclear command, control, and communications system for the national leadership of the United States that is reported to the Secretary or the Council by not later than 14 days after the date on which the Secretary or the Council learns of such anomaly, as the case may be.
(2)
In this subsection, the term “anomaly” means any unplanned, irregular, or abnormal event, whether unexplained or caused intentionally or unintentionally by a person or a system.
(i)Reports on Space Architecture Development.—
(1)
Not less than 90 days before each of the dates on which a system described in paragraph (2) achieves Milestone A or Milestone B approval, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisitions, Technology, and Logistics shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report prepared by the Council detailing the implications of any changes to the architecture of such a system with respect to the systems, capabilities, and programs covered under subsection (d).
(2) A system described in this paragraph is any of the following:
(A)
Advanced extremely high frequency satellites.
(B)
The space-based infrared system.
(C)
The integrated tactical warning and attack assessment system and its command and control system.
(D)
The enhanced polar system.
(3)
In this subsection, the terms “Milestone A approval” and “Milestone B approval” have the meanings given such terms in section 2366(e) [2] of this title.
(j)Notification of Reduction of Certain Warning Time.—
(1) None of the funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available to the Department of Defense for any fiscal year may be used to change any command, control, and communications system described in subsection (d)(1) in a manner that reduces the warning time provided to the national leadership of the United States with respect to a warning of a strategic missile attack on the United States unless—
(A)
the Secretary of Defense notifies the congressional defense committees of such proposed change and reduction; and
(B)
a period of one year elapses following the date of such notification.
(2) Not later than March 1, 2017, and each year thereafter, the Council shall determine whether the integrated tactical warning and attack assessment system and its command and control system have met all warfighter requirements for operational availability, survivability, and endurability. If the Council determines that such systems have not met such requirements, the Secretary of Defense and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall jointly submit to the congressional defense committees—
(A)
an explanation for such negative determination;
(B)
a description of the mitigations that are in place or being put in place as a result of such negative determination; and
(C)
the plan of the Secretary and the Chairman to ensure that the Council is able to make a positive determination in the following year.
(k)National Leadership of the United States Defined.—In this section, the term “national leadership of the United States” means the following:
(1)
The President.
(2)
The Vice President.
(3)
Such other civilian officials of the United States Government as the President shall designate for purposes of this section.
(Added Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title X, § 1052(a)(1), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 859; amended Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title XVI, § 1651, Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1121; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title XVI, § 1661, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2613.)


[1]  So in original. Another closing parenthesis probably should appear.

[2]  See References in Text note below.
References in Text

Section 2366(e) of this title, referred to in subsec. (i)(3), defines term “Milestone B approval”, but does not define term “Milestone A approval”. Provisions defining term “Milestone A approval” are contained in section 2366a(d) of this title.

Amendments

2016—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 114–328, § 1661(a)(1), inserted “, and including with respect to the integrated tactical warning and attack assessment systems, processes, and enablers, and continuity of the governmental functions of the Department of Defense” before period at end.

Subsec. (d)(2)(C). Pub. L. 114–328, § 1661(a)(2), inserted “(including space system architectures and associated user terminals and ground segments)” before period at end.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 114–328, § 1661(c)(1), substituted “During the period preceding January 31, 2021, at the same time each year that the budget of the President is submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, and from time to time after such period at the discretion of the Council,” for “At the same time each year that the budget of the President is submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31,” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (e)(6). Pub. L. 114–328, § 1661(c)(2), added par. (6).

Subsecs. (i) to (k). Pub. L. 114–328, § 1661(b), added subsecs. (i) and (j) and redesignated former subsec. (i) as (k).

2015—Subsec. (e)(5). Pub. L. 114–92, § 1651(3), added par. (5).

Subsecs. (f) to (i). Pub. L. 114–92, § 1651(1), (2), added subsec. (f) and redesignated former subsecs. (f) to (h) as (g) to (i), respectively.

Termination of Reporting Requirements

For termination, effective Dec. 31, 2021, of provisions in subsecs. (e) and (g)(2) of this section requiring submittal of annual report to Congress, see section 1061 of Pub. L. 114–328, set out as a note under section 111 of this title.

 

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