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10 U.S. Code § 2780 - Debt collection

Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary of Defense shall enter into one or more contracts with a person for collection services to recover indebtedness owed to the United States (arising out of activities related to Department of Defense) that is delinquent by more than three months.
The authority of the Secretary to enter into a contract under this section for any fiscal year is subject to the availability of appropriations.
Any such contract shall provide that the person submit to the Secretary a status report on the person’s success in collecting such debts at least once each six months. Section 3718 of title 31 shall apply to any such contract, to the extent not inconsistent with this subsection.
Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary of Defense shall disclose to consumer reporting agencies, in accordance with paragraph (1) of section 3711(e) of title 31, information concerning any debt described in subsection (a) of more than $100 that is delinquent by more than 31 days.
No disclosure shall be made under paragraph (1) with respect to an indebtedness while a decision regarding waiver of collection of the indebtedness is pending under section 2774 of this title or section 716 of title 32, or while a decision regarding remission or cancellation of the indebtedness is pending under section 7837, 8271, or 9837 of this title, unless the Secretary concerned (as defined in section 101(5) of title 37) determines that disclosure under that paragraph pending such decision is in the best interests of the United States.
Editorial Notes

2018—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 115–232 substituted “section 7837, 8271, or 9837” for “section 4837, 6161, or 9837”.

2006—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–364 designated existing provisions as par. (1), substituted “Except as provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary of Defense” for “The Secretary”, and added par. (2).

1996—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–316 substituted “section 3711(e)” for “section 3711(f)”.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title VI, § 672(b), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2270, provided that:

“(1) In general.—
The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on March 1, 2007.
“(2) Application to prior actions.—
Paragraph (2) of section 2780(b) of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall not be construed to apply to or invalidate any action taken under such section before March 1, 2007.”
Contracts for Recovery of Indebtedness

Pub. L. 101–165, title IX, § 9019, Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1133, provided that:

“During the current fiscal year and hereafter, the Department of Defense may enter into contracts to recover indebtedness to the United States pursuant to section 3718 of title 31, United States Code.”