10 U.S. Code § 451 - Maps, charts, books, and datasets

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The Secretary of Defense may—
have the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency prepare nautical and aeronautical charts, topographic and geomatics maps, books, models, and datasets required in navigation and have those materials published and furnished to navigators; and
acquire (by purchase, lease, license, or barter) all necessary rights, including copyrights and other intellectual property rights, required to prepare, publish, and furnish to navigators the products described in paragraph (1).

Historical and Revision Notes

Revised section

Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)



In the section, the words “Secretary of Defense” and “Defense Mapping Agency” are substituted for “Secretary of the Navy” and “United States Naval Oceanographic Office”, respectively, for consistency with 10:2791. The words “under such regulations as he prescribes” are omitted as unnecessary.

Editorial Notes
Prior Provisions

A prior section 451 was renumbered section 481 of this title.


2021—Pub. L. 116–283, § 1621(b)(1)(A), substituted “books, and datasets” for “and books” in section catchline.

Par. (1). Pub. L. 116–283, § 1621(b)(1)(B), substituted “nautical and aeronautical charts, topographic and geomatics maps, books, models, and datasets” for “maps, charts, and nautical books”.

Par. (2). Pub. L. 116–283, § 1621(b)(1)(C), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: “buy the plates and copyrights of existing maps, charts, books on navigation, and sailing directions and instructions.”

2003—Par. (1). Pub. L. 108–136 substituted “National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency” for “National Imagery and Mapping Agency”.

1996—Pub. L. 104–201 renumbered section 2792 of this title as this section and substituted “National Imagery and Mapping Agency” for “Defense Mapping Agency” in par. (1).

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–201 effective Oct. 1, 1996, see section 1124 of Pub. L. 104–201, set out as a note under section 193 of this title.

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