18 U.S. Code § 2334. Jurisdiction and venue

(a) General Venue.—
Any civil action under section 2333 of this title against any person may be instituted in the district court of the United States for any district where any plaintiff resides or where any defendant resides or is served, or has an agent. Process in such a civil action may be served in any district where the defendant resides, is found, or has an agent.
(b) Special Maritime or Territorial Jurisdiction.—
If the actions giving rise to the claim occurred within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States, as defined in section 7 of this title, then any civil action under section 2333 of this title against any person may be instituted in the district court of the United States for any district in which any plaintiff resides or the defendant resides, is served, or has an agent.
(c) Service on Witnesses.—
A witness in a civil action brought under section 2333 of this title may be served in any other district where the defendant resides, is found, or has an agent.
(d) Convenience of the Forum.—The district court shall not dismiss any action brought under section 2333 of this title on the grounds of the inconvenience or inappropriateness of the forum chosen, unless—
(1)
the action may be maintained in a foreign court that has jurisdiction over the subject matter and over all the defendants;
(2)
that foreign court is significantly more convenient and appropriate; and
(3)
that foreign court offers a remedy which is substantially the same as the one available in the courts of the United States.
(e) Consent of Certain Parties to Personal Jurisdiction.—
(1) In general.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), for purposes of any civil action under section 2333 of this title, a defendant shall be deemed to have consented to personal jurisdiction in such civil action if, regardless of the date of the occurrence of the act of international terrorism upon which such civil action was filed, the defendant—
(A) after the date that is 120 days after the date of enactment of this subsection, accepts—
(i)
any form of assistance, however provided, under chapter 4 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2346 et seq.);
(ii)
any form of assistance, however provided, under section 481 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2291) for international narcotics control and law enforcement; or
(iii)
any form of assistance, however provided, under chapter 9 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2349bb et seq.); or
(B) in the case of a defendant benefiting from a waiver or suspension of section 1003 of the Anti-Terrorism Act of 1987 (22 U.S.C. 5202) after the date that is 120 days after the date of enactment of this subsection—
(i)
continues to maintain any office, headquarters, premises, or other facilities or establishments within the jurisdiction of the United States; or
(ii)
establishes or procures any office, headquarters, premises, or other facilities or establishments within the jurisdiction of the United States.
(2) Applicability.—
Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any defendant who ceases to engage in the conduct described in paragraphs (1)(A) and (1)(B) for 5 consecutive calendar years.
References in Text

The date of enactment of this subsection, referred to in subsec. (e)(1)(A), (B), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 115–253, which was approved Oct. 3, 2018.

The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, referred to in subsec. (e)(1)(A), is Pub. L. 87–195, Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 424. Chapter 4 of part II of the Act is classified generally to part IV (§ 2346 et seq.) of subchapter II of chapter 32 of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse. Chapter 9 of part II of the Act is classified generally to part IX (§ 2349bb et seq.) of subchapter II of chapter 32 of Title 22. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2151 of Title 22 and Tables.

Amendments

2018—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 115–253 added subsec. (e).

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Pub. L. 115–253, § 4(b), Oct. 3, 2018, 132 Stat. 3185, provided that:

“The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 3, 2018].”
Effective Date

Section applicable to any pending case or any cause of action arising on or after 4 years before Oct. 29, 1992, see section 1003(c) of Pub. L. 102–572, set out as a note under section 2331 of this title.