19 U.S. Code § 2311 - Agreements with States

§ 2311.
Agreements with States
(a) Authority of Secretary to enter into agreements

The Secretary is authorized on behalf of the United States to enter into an agreement with any State, or with any State agency (referred to in this subpart as “cooperating States” and “cooperating States agencies” respectively). Under such an agreement, the cooperating State agency (1) as agent of the United States, shall receive applications for, and shall provide, payments on the basis provided in this part, (2) in accordance with subsection (f), shall make available to adversely affected workers and adversely affected incumbent workers covered by a certification under subpart A the employment and case management services described in section 2295 of this title, (3) shall make any certifications required under section 2291(c)(2) [1] of this title, and (4) shall otherwise cooperate with the Secretary and with other State and Federal agencies in providing payments and services under this part.

(b) Amendment, suspension, and termination of agreements

Each agreement under this subpart shall provide the terms and conditions upon which the agreement may be amended, suspended, or terminated.

(c) Form and manner of dataEach agreement under this subpart shall—
(1)
provide the Secretary with the authority to collect any data the Secretary determines necessary to meet the requirements of this part; and
(2)
specify the form and manner in which any such data requested by the Secretary shall be reported.
(d) Unemployment insurance

Each agreement under this subpart shall provide that unemployment insurance otherwise payable to any adversely affected worker will not be denied or reduced for any week by reason of any right to payments under this part.

(e) Review

A determination by a cooperating State agency with respect to entitlement to program benefits under an agreement is subject to review in the same manner and to the same extent as determinations under the applicable State law and only in that manner and to that extent.

(f) Coordination of benefits and assistance

Any agreement entered into under this section shall provide for the coordination of the administration of the provisions for employment services, training, and supplemental assistance under 29 U.S.C. 2801 et seq.] upon such terms and conditions as are established by the Secretary in consultation with the States and set forth in such agreement. Any agency of the State jointly administering such provisions under such agreement shall be considered to be a cooperating State agency for purposes of this part.sections 2295 and 2296 of this title

(g) Advising and interviewing adversely affected workersEach cooperating State agency shall, in carrying out subsection (a)(2) of this section—
(1)
advise each worker who applies for unemployment insurance of the benefits under this part and the procedures and deadlines for applying for such benefits,
(2)
facilitate the early filing of petitions under section 2271 of this title for any workers that the agency considers are likely to be eligible for benefits under this part,
(3)
advise each adversely affected worker to apply for training under section 2296(a) of this title before, or at the same time, the worker applies for trade readjustment allowances under division I of subpart B of this part,
(4)
perform outreach to, intake of, and orientation for adversely affected workers and adversely affected incumbent workers covered by a certification under subpart A with respect to assistance and benefits available under this part, and
(5)
make employment and case management services described in section 2295 of this title available to adversely affected workers and adversely affected incumbent workers covered by a certification under subpart A and, if funds provided to carry out this part are insufficient to make such services available, make arrangements to make such services available through other Federal programs.
(h) Submission of information for coordination of workforce investment activities

In order to promote the coordination of workforce investment activities in each State with activities carried out under this part, any agreement entered into under this section shall provide that the State shall submit to the Secretary, in such form as the Secretary may require, the description and information described in paragraphs (8) and (14) of section 112(b) of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 2822(b)) and a description of the State’s rapid response activities under section 2271(a)(2)(A) of this title.

(i) Control measures
(1) In general

The Secretary shall require each cooperating State and cooperating State agency to implement effective control measures and to effectively oversee the operation and administration of the trade adjustment assistance program under this part, including by means of monitoring the operation of control measures to improve the accuracy and timeliness of the data being collected and reported.

(2) DefinitionFor purposes of paragraph (1), the term “control measures” means measures that—
(A)
are internal to a system used by a State to collect data; and
(B)
are designed to ensure the accuracy and verifiability of such data.
(j) Data reporting
(1) In generalAny agreement entered into under this section shall require the cooperating State or cooperating State agency to report to the Secretary on a quarterly basis comprehensive performance accountability data, to consist of—
(A)
the core indicators of performance described in paragraph (2)(A);
(B)
the additional indicators of performance described in paragraph (2)(B), if any; and
(C)
a description of efforts made to improve outcomes for workers under the trade adjustment assistance program.
(2) Core indicators described
(A) In generalThe core indicators of performance described in this paragraph are—
(i)
the percentage of workers receiving benefits under this part who are employed during the first or second calendar quarter following the calendar quarter in which the workers cease receiving such benefits;
(ii)
the percentage of such workers who are employed during the 2 calendar quarters following the earliest calendar quarter during which the worker was employed as described in clause (i);
(iii)
the average earnings of such workers who are employed during the 2 calendar quarters described in clause (ii); and
(iv)
the percentage of such workers who obtain a recognized postsecondary credential, including an industry-recognized credential, or a secondary school diploma or its recognized equivalent if combined with employment under clause (i), while receiving benefits under this part or during the 1-year period after such workers cease receiving such benefits.
(B) Additional indicators

The Secretary and a cooperating State or cooperating State agency may agree upon additional indicators of performance for the trade adjustment assistance program under this part, as appropriate.

(3) Standards with respect to reliability of data

In preparing the quarterly report required by paragraph (1), each cooperating State or cooperating State agency shall establish procedures that are consistent with guidelines to be issued by the Secretary to ensure that the data reported are valid and reliable.

(k) Verification of eligibility for program benefits
(1) In general

An agreement under this subpart shall provide that the State shall periodically redetermine that a worker receiving benefits under this subpart who is not a citizen or national of the United States remains in a satisfactory immigration status. Once satisfactory immigration status has been initially verified through the immigration status verification system described in section 1320b–7(d) of title 42 for purposes of establishing a worker’s eligibility for unemployment compensation, the State shall reverify the worker’s immigration status if the documentation provided during initial verification will expire during the period in which that worker is potentially eligible to receive benefits under this subpart. The State shall conduct such redetermination in a timely manner, utilizing the immigration status verification system described in section 1320b–7(d) of title 42.

(2) Procedures

The Secretary shall establish procedures to ensure the uniform application by the States of the requirements of this subsection.

(Pub. L. 93–618, title II, § 239, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2024; Pub. L. 97–35, title XXV, § 2513(d)(6), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 889; Pub. L. 99–272, title XIII, §§ 13003(a)(3), 13004(c), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 301, 303; Pub. L. 100–418, title I, §§ 1423(a)(4), 1424(d)(1)(B), (2), Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1246, 1250; Pub. L. 105–220, title III, § 321, Aug. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1087; Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(f) [title VIII, § 405(d)(14)(B), (f)(11)(B)], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–337, 2681–421, 2681–431; Pub. L. 111–5, div. B, title I, §§ 1852, 1853, Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 390, 392; Pub. L. 112–40, title II, §§ 201(b), (c), 216(a)(1), Oct. 21, 2011, 125 Stat. 403, 407; Pub. L. 113–128, title V, § 512(hh)(4), July 22, 2014, 128 Stat. 1721.)


[1]  See References in Text note below.
Reversion to Provisions in Effect on February 13, 2011

For reversion, beginning on Jan. 1, 2014, to provisions in effect on Feb. 13, 2011, with certain exceptions and subject to section 233(b) of Pub. L. 112–40, see Codification and Effective and Termination Dates of 2011 Revival notes below.

Amendment of Subsections (f) and (h)

Pub. L. 113–128, title V, §§ 506, 512(hh)(4), July 22, 2014, 128 Stat. 1703, 1721, provided that, effective on the first day of the first full program year after July 22, 2014 [probably July 1, 2015], this section is amended as follows:

(1) in subsection (f), by striking “Any agreement entered into under this section shall provide for the coordination of the administration of the provisions for employment services, training, and supplemental assistance under sections 2295 and 2296 of this title and under title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998” and inserting “Any agreement entered into under this section shall provide for the coordination of the administration of the provisions for employment services, training, and supplemental assistance undersections 2295 and 2296 of this title

(2) in subsection (h), by striking “the description and information described in paragraphs (8) and (14) of section 112(b) of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 2822(b))” and inserting “the descriptions described in sections 102(b)(2)(B)(ii) and 103(b)(3)(A) of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, a description of how the State board will carry out the activities described in section 101(d)(3)(F) of such Act,”.

See note above and 2014 Amendment notes below.

References in Text

Section 2291(c)(2) of this title, referred to in subsec. (a)(3), was subsequently amended, and no longer contains provisions relating to certifications.

The Workforce Investment Act of 1998, referred to in subsec. (f), is Pub. L. 105–220, Aug. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 936. Title I of the Act is classified principally to chapter 30 (§ 2801 et seq.) of Title 29, Labor. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 9201 of Title 20, Education, and Tables.

Codification

Section is comprised of subsecs. (a) to (k) of section 239 of Pub. L. 93–618. Another subsec. (e) of section 239 of Pub. L. 93–618 amended section 3302 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

Amendment by section 1852(b)(1) of Pub. L. 111–5, which directed the temporary redesignation of subsecs. (c) through (g) of section 239 of Pub. L. 93–618 as subsecs. (d) through (h), respectively, was executed by redesignating subsecs. (c) to (g) set out in this section and not redesignating the subsec. (e) that amended section 3302 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Section 1893 of Pub. L. 111–5, which provided for Feb. 13, 2011, termination of amendment by Pub. L. 111–5, was repealed by Pub. L. 112–40, title II, § 201(a), Oct. 21, 2011, 125 Stat. 403, and the provisions of this section, as amended by Pub. L. 111–5 and as in effect on Feb. 12, 2011, were temporarily revived, effective Oct. 21, 2011, until Jan. 1, 2014, by Pub. L. 112–40, §§ 201(b), (c), 233. See 2009 and 2011 Amendment notes, Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment notes, and Effective and Termination Dates of 2011 Revival note below.

Amendment by section 1424(d)(1)(B) of Pub. L. 100–418, which directed amendment of subsec. (e) of section 239 of Pub. L. 93–618, was executed to the subsec. (e) (now subsec. (f)) set out in this section and not the subsec. (e) that amended section 3302 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

Amendments

2014—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 113–128, § 512(hh)(4)(A), substituted “Any agreement entered into under this section shall provide for the coordination of the administration of the provisions for employment services, training, and supplemental assistance under sections 2295 and 2296 of this title and under title I of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act” for “Any agreement entered into under this section shall provide for the coordination of the administration of the provisions for employment services, training, and supplemental assistance under sections 2295 and 2296 of this title and under title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998”.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 113–128, § 512(hh)(4)(B), substituted “the descriptions described in sections 102(b)(2)(B)(ii) and 103(b)(3)(A) of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, a description of how the State board will carry out the activities described in section 101(d)(3)(F) of such Act,” for “the description and information described in paragraphs (8) and (14) of section 112(b) of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 2822(b))”.

2011—Pub. L. 112–40, §§ 201(b), (c), 233, temporarily revived the provisions of this section, as in effect on Feb. 12, 2011. See Codification note above and 2009 Amendment and Effective and Termination Dates of 2011 Revival notes below.

Subsec. (j)(2)(A). Pub. L. 112–40, §§ 216(a)(1), 233, temporarily amended subpar. (A) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The core indicators of performance described in this paragraph are—

“(i) the percentage of workers receiving benefits under this part who are employed during the second calendar quarter following the calendar quarter in which the workers cease receiving such benefits;

“(ii) the percentage of such workers who are employed in each of the third and fourth calendar quarters following the calendar quarter in which the workers cease receiving such benefits; and

“(iii) the earnings of such workers in each of the third and fourth calendar quarters following the calendar quarter in which the workers cease receiving such benefits.”

See Codification note above and Effective and Termination Dates of 2011 Revival note below.

2009—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 111–5, §§ 1852(a)(2), 1893, temporarily substituted “shall” for “will” in two places. See Codification note above and Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 111–5, §§ 1852(a)(1), 1893, temporarily amended cl. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, cl. (2) read as follows: “where appropriate, but in accordance with subsection (f) of this section, will afford adversely affected workers testing, counseling, referral to training and job search programs, and placement services,”. See Codification note above and Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (a)(3), (4). Pub. L. 111–5, §§ 1852(a)(2), 1893, temporarily substituted “shall” for “will”. See Codification note above and Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment note below.

Subsecs. (c) to (f). Pub. L. 111–5, §§ 1852(b), 1893, temporarily added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsecs. (c) to (e) as (d) to (f), respectively. Former subsec. (f) temporarily redesignated (g). See Codification notes above and Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 111–5, §§ 1852(b)(1), 1893, temporarily redesignated subsec. (f) as (g). Former subsec. (g) temporarily redesignated (h). See Codification note above and Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (g)(3). Pub. L. 111–5, §§ 1852(c)(1), 1893, temporarily struck out “and” at end. See Codification note above and Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (g)(4). Pub. L. 111–5, §§ 1852(c)(2), 1893, temporarily amended par. (4) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (4) read as follows: “as soon as practicable, interview the adversely affected worker regarding suitable training opportunities available to the worker under section 2296 of this title and review such opportunities with the worker.” See Codification note above and Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (g)(5). Pub. L. 111–5, §§ 1852(c)(3), 1893, temporarily added par. (5). See Codification note above and Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 111–5, §§ 1852(b)(1), (d), 1893, temporarily redesignated subsec. (g) as (h) and substituted “1998 (29 U.S.C. 2822(b)) and a description of the State’s rapid response activities under section 2271(a)(2)(A) of this title.” for “1998.” See Codification note above and Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment note below.

Subsecs. (i) to (k). Pub. L. 111–5, §§ 1852(e), 1853, 1893, temporarily added subsecs. (i) to (k). See Codification note above and Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment note below.

1998—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–277, § 101(f) [title VIII, § 405(f)(11)(B)], struck out “title III of the Job Training Partnership Act or” before “title I of the”.

Pub. L. 105–277, § 101(f) [title VIII, § 405(d)(14)(B)], substituted “under title III of the Job Training Partnership Act or title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998” for “under title III of the Job Training Partnership Act”.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105–220 added subsec. (g).

1988—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 100–418, § 1423(a)(4), amended cl. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, cl. (3) read as follows: “will make determinations and approvals regarding job search programs under sections 2291(c) and 2297(c) of this title, and”.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 100–418, § 1424(d)(1)(B), amended subsec. (e) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (e) read as follows: “Agreements entered into under this section may be made with one or more State or local agencies including—

“(1) the employment service agency of such State,

“(2) any State agency carrying out title III of the Job Training Partnership Act [29 U.S.C. 1651 et seq.], or

“(3) any other State or local agency administering job training or related programs.”

See Codification note above.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 100–418, § 1424(d)(2), amended subsec. (f) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (f) read as follows: “Each cooperating State agency shall, in carrying out subsection (a)(2) of this section—

“(1) advise each adversely affected worker to apply for training under section 2296(a) of this title at the time the worker makes application for trade readjustment allowances (but failure of the worker to do so may not be treated as cause for denial of those allowances), and

“(2) within 60 days after application for training is made by the worker, interview the adversely affected worker regarding suitable training opportunities available to the worker under section 2296 of this title and review such opportunities with the worker.”

1986—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–272, § 13004(c)(1), inserted “but in accordance with subsection (f) of this section,” in cl. (2).

Pub. L. 99–272, § 13003(a)(3), substituted “training and job search programs” for “training” in cl. (2), added cl. (3), and redesignated former cl. (3) as (4).

Subsecs. (e), (f). Pub. L. 99–272, § 13004(c)(2), added subsecs. (e) and (f).

1981—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–35 struck out provisions respecting persons applying for payments under this part.

Effective Date of 2014 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 113—128 effective on the first day of the first full program year after July 22, 2014 [probably July 1, 2015], see section 506 of Pub. L. 113—128, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3101 of Title 29, Labor.

Effective and Termination Dates of 2011 Revival

For temporary revival and applicability of provisions as in effect on Feb. 12, 2011, see sections 201(b), (c) and 233 of Pub. L. 112–40, set out as notes preceding section 2271 of this title. For reversion, beginning on Jan. 1, 2014, to provisions in effect on Feb. 13, 2011, with certain exceptions and subject to section 233(b) of Pub. L. 112–40, see section 233 of Pub. L. 112–40, set out as a note preceding section 2271 of this title.

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Pub. L. 112–40, title II, § 216(a)(2), Oct. 21, 2011, 125 Stat. 407, provided that:

“The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall—
“(A)
take effect on October 1, 2011; and
“(B)
apply with respect to agreements under section 239 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2311) entered into before, on, or after October 1, 2011.”

Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment

Except as otherwise provided and subject to certain applicability provisions, amendment by Pub. L. 111–5 effective upon the expiration of the 90-day period beginning on Feb. 17, 2009, see section 1891 of Pub. L. 111–5, set out as a note under section 2271 of this title.

Section 1893 of Pub. L. 111–5, which provided that, except as otherwise provided, amendment by Pub. L. 111–5 not applicable on or after Feb. 13, 2011, and that this section be applied and administered beginning Feb. 13, 2011, as if amendment by Pub. L. 111–5 had never been enacted, was repealed by Pub. L. 112–40, title II, § 201(a), Oct. 21, 2011, 125 Stat. 403. See Codification note above.

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by section 101(f) [title VIII, § 405(d)(14)(B)] of Pub. L. 105–277 effective Oct. 21, 1998, and amendment by section 101(f) [title VIII, § 405(f)(11)(B)] of Pub. L. 105–277 effective July 1, 2000, see section 101(f) [title VIII, § 405(g)(1), (2)(B)], set out as a note under section 3502 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by section 1424(d)(1)(B), (2) of Pub. L. 100–418 effective Aug. 23, 1988, and amendment by section 1423(a)(4) of Pub. L. 100–418 effective on the date that is 90 days after Aug. 23, 1988, see section 1430(a), (f) of Pub. L. 100–418, set out as an Effective Date note under section 2397 of this title.

Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by section 13003(a) of Pub. L. 99–272 applicable with respect to workers covered by petitions filed under section 2271 of this title on or after Apr. 7, 1986, and amendment by section 13004(c) of Pub. L. 99–272 effective on Apr. 7, 1986, see section 13009(a), (b) of Pub. L. 99–272, set out as a note under section 2291 of this title.

Effective Date of 1981 Amendment and Transition Provisions

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–35 effective Aug. 1981, with transition provisions applicable, see section 2514 of Pub. L. 97–35, set out as a note under section 2291 of this title.

Termination Date

No trade adjustment assistance, vouchers, allowances, or other payments or benefits may be provided under this section after Dec. 31, 2014, except as otherwise provided, see section 285 of Pub. L. 93–618 and section 233(a) of Pub. L. 112–40, set out as notes preceding this section.

 

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