20 U.S. Code § 1087pp - Family contribution for independent students without dependents other than a spouse

§ 1087pp.
Family contribution for independent students without dependents other than a spouse
(a) Computation of expected family contributionFor each independent student without dependents other than a spouse, the expected family contribution is determined by—
(1) adding—
(A)
the family’s contribution from available income (determined in accordance with subsection (b) of this section); and
(B)
the family’s contribution from assets (determined in accordance with subsection (c) of this section);
(2)
dividing the sum resulting under paragraph (1) by the number of students who are enrolled or accepted for enrollment, on at least a half-time basis, in a degree, certificate, or other program leading to a recognized educational credential at an institution of higher education that is an eligible institution in accordance with the provisions of section 1094 of this title during the award period for which assistance under this subchapter and part C of subchapter I of chapter 34 of title 42 is requested; and
(3) for periods of enrollment of less than 9 months, for purposes other than subpart 2 of part A of this subchapter—
(A)
dividing the quotient resulting under paragraph (2) by 9; and
(B)
multiplying the result by the number of months in the period of enrollment;
except that the amount determined under this subsection shall not be less than zero.
(b) Family’s contribution from available income
(1) In generalThe family’s contribution from income is determined by—
(A) deducting from total income (as defined in section 1087vv of this title)—
(i)
Federal income taxes;
(ii)
an allowance for State and other taxes, determined in accordance with paragraph (2);
(iii)
an allowance for social security taxes, determined in accordance with paragraph (3);
(iv) an income protection allowance of the following amount (or a successor amount prescribed by the Secretary under section 1087rr of this title)—
(I) for single or separated students, or married students where both are enrolled pursuant to subsection (a)(2)—
(aa)
for academic year 2009–2010, $7,000;
(bb)
for academic year 2010–2011, $7,780;
(cc)
for academic year 2011–2012, $8,550; and
(dd)
for academic year 2012–2013, $9,330; and
(II) for married students where 1 is enrolled pursuant to subsection (a)(2)—
(aa)
for academic year 2009–2010, $11,220;
(bb)
for academic year 2010–2011, $12,460;
(cc)
for academic year 2011–2012, $13,710; and
(dd)
for academic year 2012–2013, $14,960;
(v)
in the case where a spouse is present, an employment expense allowance, as determined in accordance with paragraph (4); and
(vi)
the amount of any tax credit taken under section 25A of title 26; and
(B)
assessing such available income in accordance with paragraph (5).
(2) Allowance for State and other taxes

The allowance for State and other taxes is equal to an amount determined by multiplying total income (as defined in section 1087vv of this title) by a percentage determined according to the following table (or a successor table prescribed by the Secretary under section 1087rr of this title):

Percentages for Computation of State and Other Tax Allowance

If the students’ State or territory of

residence is—

The percentage is—

Alaska, American Samoa, Florida, Guam, Nevada, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Trust Territory, Virgin Islands, Washington, Wyoming

0

Connecticut, Louisiana, Puerto Rico

1

Arizona, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Dakota

2

Alabama, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, Oklahoma

3

Arkansas, Georgia, Iowa, Kentucky, Maine, Pennsylvania, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Canada, Mexico

4

California, Idaho, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Ohio, Rhode Island, South Carolina

5

Hawaii, Maryland, Michigan, Wisconsin

6

Delaware, District of Columbia, Minnesota, Oregon

7

New York

8

Other

4

(3) Allowance for social security taxes

The allowance for social security taxes is equal to the amount earned by the student (and spouse, if appropriate), multiplied by the social security withholding rate appropriate to the tax year preceding the award year, up to the maximum statutory social security tax withholding amount for that same tax year.

(4) Employment expenses allowanceThe employment expense allowance is determined as follows (or using a successor provision prescribed by the Secretary under section 1087rr of this title):
(A)
If the student is married and the student’s spouse is employed in the year for which income is reported, such allowance is equal to the lesser of $2,500 or 35 percent of the earned income of the student or spouse with the lesser earned income.
(B)
If a student is not married, the employment expense allowance is zero.
(5) Assessment of available income

The family’s available income (determined in accordance with paragraph (1)(A) of this subsection) is assessed at 50 percent.

(c) Family contribution from assets
(1) In generalThe family’s contribution from assets is equal to—
(A)
the family’s net worth (determined in accordance with paragraph (2)); minus
(B)
the asset protection allowance (determined in accordance with paragraph (3)); multiplied by
(C)
the asset conversion rate (determined in accordance with paragraph (4));
except that the family’s contribution from assets shall not be less than zero.
(2) Family’s net worthThe family’s net worth is calculated by adding—
(A)
the current balance of checking and savings accounts and cash on hand;
(B)
the net value of investments and real estate, excluding the net value in the principal place of residence; and
(C)
the adjusted net worth of a business or farm, computed on the basis of the net worth of such business or farm (hereafter referred to as “NW”), determined in accordance with the following table (or a successor table prescribed by the Secretary under section 1087rr of this title), except as provided under section 1087vv(f) of this title:

Adjusted Net Worth of a Business or Farm

If the net worth of a business or farm is—

Then the adjusted net worth is—

Less than $1

$0

$1–$75,000

40 percent of NW

$75,001–$225,000

$30,000 plus 50 percent of NW over $75,000

$225,001–$375,000

$105,000 plus 60 percent of NW over $225,000

$375,001 or more

$195,000 plus 100 percent of NW over $375,000

(3) Asset protection allowance

The asset protection allowance is calculated according to the following table (or a successor table prescribed by the Secretary under section 1087rr of this title):

Asset Protection Allowances for Families and Students

If the age of the student is—

And the student is

married

single

then the allowance is—

25 or less

 $  0

   $0

26

 2,200

 1,600

27

 4,300

 3,200

28

 6,500

 4,700

29

 8,600

 6,300

30

10,800

 7,900

31

13,000

 9,500

32

15,100

11,100

33

17,300

12,600

34

19,400

14,200

35

21,600

15,800

36

23,800

17,400

37

25,900

19,000

38

28,100

20,500

39

30,200

22,100

40

32,400

23,700

41

33,300

24,100

42

34,100

24,700

43

35,000

25,200

44

35,700

25,800

45

36,600

26,300

46

37,600

26,900

47

38,800

27,600

48

39,800

28,200

49

40,800

28,800

50

41,800

29,500

51

43,200

30,200

52

44,300

31,100

53

45,700

31,800

54

47,100

32,600

55

48,300

33,400

56

49,800

34,400

57

51,300

35,200

58

52,900

36,200

59

54,800

37,200

60

56,500

38,100

61

58,500

39,200

62

60,300

40,300

63

62,400

41,500

64

64,600

42,800

65 or more

66,800

44,000

(4) Asset conversion rate

The asset conversion rate is 20 percent.

(d) Computations in case of separation, divorce, or death

In the case of a student who is divorced or separated, or whose spouse has died, the spouse’s income and assets shall not be considered in determining the family’s contribution from income or assets.

Amendments

2007—Subsec. (b)(1)(A)(iv). Pub. L. 110–84 amended cl. (iv) generally. Prior to amendment, cl. (iv) read as follows: “an income protection allowance of the following amount (or a successor amount prescribed by the Secretary under section 1087rr of this title)—

“(I) $6,050 for single students;

“(II) $6,050 for married students where both are enrolled pursuant to subsection (a)(2) of this section; and

“(III) $9,700 for married students where one is enrolled pursuant to subsection (a)(2) of this section;”.

2006—Subsec. (b)(1)(A)(iv). Pub. L. 109–171, § 8017(b)(1)(A), substituted “$6,050” for “$5,000” in subcls. (I) and (II) and “$9,700” for “$8,000” in subcl. (III).

Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 109–171, § 8017(b)(1)(B), substituted “20” for “35”.

1998—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 105–244, § 474(a), added par. (3).

Subsec. (b)(1)(A)(iv). Pub. L. 105–244, § 474(b)(1), in introductory provisions, substituted “allowance of the following amount (or a successor amount prescribed by the Secretary under section 1087rr of this title)—” for “allowance of—”.

Subsec. (b)(1)(A)(iv)(I), (II). Pub. L. 105–244, § 474(b)(2), substituted “$5,000” for “$3,000”.

Subsec. (b)(1)(A)(iv)(III). Pub. L. 105–244, § 474(b)(3), substituted “$8,000” for “$6,000”.

1997—Subsec. (b)(1)(A)(vi). Pub. L. 105–78 added cl. (vi).

1993—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–208 added subsec. (d).

1992—Pub. L. 102–325 amended section generally, substituting provisions relating to family contribution for independent students without dependents other than a spouse for provisions relating to family contribution for independent students without dependents (including a spouse).

1987—Subsec. (b)(1)(A), (B). Pub. L. 100–50, § 14(13)(B), (C), substituted subpar. (A) and introductory provisions of subpar. (B) for introductory provisions of former subpar. (A) which read as follows: “computing the student’s available taxable income by deducting from the student’s adjusted gross income—”. Former subpar. (B) redesignated (C).

Subsec. (b)(1)(C). Pub. L. 100–50, § 14(13)(B), redesignated subpar. (B) as (C). Former subpar. (C) redesignated (D).

Subsec. (b)(1)(D). Pub. L. 100–50, § 14(15), which directed that subsec. (b)(1)(C) be amended by inserting “plus the amount of veterans’ benefits paid during the award period under chapters 32, 34, and 35 of title 28”, was executed to subpar. (D) to reflect the probable intent of Congress and the intervening redesignation of subpar. (C) as (D) by section 14(13)(B) of Pub. L. 100–50.

Pub. L. 100–50, § 14(13)(A), (B), redesignated subpar. (C) as (D) and substituted “subparagraph (C)” for “subparagraph (B)”.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 100–50, § 14(1), (14), substituted “total income” for “total taxable income” and “section 1087rr of this title” for “section 1087ss of this title”.

Subsec. (b)(4)(A). Pub. L. 100–50, § 14(16)(A), substituted “$8,600” for “$8,900”.

Subsec. (b)(4)(B). Pub. L. 100–50, § 14(16), substituted “$8,600” for “$8,900” in two places and “$6,020” for “$6,230”.

Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 100–50, § 14(17), substituted a semicolon for a period at end of subpar. (C) and inserted, after subpar. (C), provision that the student’s income supplemental amount from assets not be less than zero.

Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 100–50, § 14(3), substituted “displaced homemaker” for “dislocated homemaker”.

Subsec. (c)(2)(C). Pub. L. 100–50, § 14(4), added table and struck out former table which read as follows:

“Adjusted Net Worth of a Business or Farm

If the net worth of a business or farm is—

Then the adjusted net worth is—

Less than $1

$0

$1–$65,000

40 percent of NW

$65,001–$195,000

$26,000 plus 50 percent of NW over $65,000

$195,001–$325,000

$91,000 plus 60 percent of NW over $195,000

$325,001 or more

$169,000 plus 100 percent of NW over $325,000”.

Pub. L. 100–50, § 14(1), substituted “section 1087rr of this title” for “section 1087ss of this title”.

Effective Date of 2007 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–84 effective July 1, 2009, see section 601(e) of Pub. L. 110–84, set out as a note under section 1087

oo
of this title.

Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–171 effective July 1, 2006, except as otherwise provided, see section 8001(c) of Pub. L. 109–171, set out as a note under section 1002 of this title.

Pub. L. 109–171, title VIII, § 8017(b)(2), Feb. 8, 2006, 120 Stat. 173, provided that:

“The amendments made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to determinations of need for periods of enrollment beginning on or after July 1, 2007.”

Effective Date of 1998 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–244, effective Oct. 7, 1998, and applicable with respect to determinations of need under this part for academic years beginning on or after July 1, 2000, see section 480A of Pub. L. 105–244, set out as a note under section 1087kk of this title.

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–208 effective as if included in the Higher Education Amendments of 1992, Pub. L. 102–325, except as otherwise provided, see section 5(a) of Pub. L. 103–208, set out as a note under section 1051 of this title.

Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–325 applicable with respect to determinations of need under this part for award years beginning on or after July 1, 1993, see section 471(b) of Pub. L. 102–325, set out as a note under section 1087kk of this title.

Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–50 effective as if enacted as part of the Higher Education Amendments of 1986, Pub. L. 99–498, see section 27 of Pub. L. 100–50, set out as a note under section 1001 of this title.

 

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