For the purposes of any provision of law that authorizes the drawdown of defense or other articles or commodities, or defense or other services from an agency of the United States Government, such drawdown may include the supply of commercial transportation and related services that are acquired by contract for the purposes of the drawdown in question if the cost to acquire such commercial transportation and related services is less than the cost to the United States Government of providing such services from existing agency assets.
22 U.S. Code § 2318 - Special authority
The Arms Export Control Act, referred to in subsec. (a)(1)(B), is Pub. L. 90–629, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1320, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 39 (§ 2751 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2751 of this title and Tables.
The Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962, referred to in subsec. (a)(2)(A)(i)(V), is Pub. L. 87–510, June 28, 1962, 76 Stat. 121, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 36 (§ 2601 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2601 of this title and Tables.
2000—Subsec. (a)(2)(A)(i)(III) to (V). Pub. L. 106–280, § 121(b), added subcls. (III) to (V) and struck out former subcl. (III) which read as follows: “the Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1962; or”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Pub. L. 106–280, § 121(a), substituted “$200,000,000” for “$150,000,000” in introductory provisions.
1997—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 105–118, § 576(1), inserted before period at end “, including providing the Congress with a report detailing all defense articles, defense services, and military education and training delivered to the recipient country or international organization upon delivery of such articles or upon completion of such services or education and training. Such report shall also include whether any savings were realized by utilizing commercial transport services rather than acquiring those services from United States Government transport assets”.
Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 105–118, § 576(2), (3), added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d).
1996—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 104–164, § 103(a), substituted “$100,000,000” for “$75,000,000” in concluding provisions.
Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 104–164, § 103(b)(1), substituted “articles and services from the inventory and resources of any agency of the United States Government and military education and training from the Department of Defense, the President may direct the drawdown of such articles, services, and military education and training—” and cls. (i) and (ii) for “defense articles from the stocks of the Department of Defense, defense services of the Department of Defense, and military education and training, he may direct—
“(i) the drawdown of such articles, services, and the provision of such training for the purposes and under the authorities of parts VIII and IX of subchapter I of this chapter, as the case may be; and
Subsec. (a)(2)(B). Pub. L. 104–164, § 103(b)(2), substituted “$150,000,000 in any fiscal year of such articles, services, and military education and training may be provided pursuant to subparagraph (A) of this paragraph—” and cls. (i) to (iii) for “$75,000,000 in any fiscal year of defense articles, defense services, and military education and training may be provided pursuant to subparagraph (A) of this paragraph.”
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 104–164, § 103(b)(3), inserted at end “In the case of drawdowns authorized by subclauses (I) and (III) of subsection (a)(2)(A)(i), notifications shall be provided to those committees at least 15 days in advance of the drawdowns in accordance with the procedures applicable to reprogramming notifications under section 2394–1 of this title.”
1989—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–167 designated existing provisions as par. (1), redesignated former pars. (1) and (2) as subpars. (A) and (B), respectively, and added par. (2).
1979—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–92 authorized military education and training assistance, substituted $10,000,000 fiscal year limitation on aggregate value of assistance furnished for $67,500,000 fiscal year limitation on total value of defense articles and defense services ordered, and eliminated requirement for determination that failure to respond immediately to the emergency would result in serious harm to vital United States security interests, deleted provision authorizing reimbursement from subsequent appropriations which is covered in subsec. (c), provision for effectiveness of authority only as provided in an appropriation Act, and requirement of information to Congress which is covered in subsec. (b)(2).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–92 required notification of Congressional Committees, reenacted former subsec. (a) provision for information to Congress respecting assistance furnished, included military education and training, and deleted authorization of Defense Department, in applicable appropriations, to incur obligations in anticipation of reimbursements, and authorization of appropriations for reimbursement purposes.
1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–329 redesignated existing provisions as pars. (1) to (3), limited the President’s authority to act by inserting requirements that he act only in cases of unforeseen emergencies requiring immediate military assistance to a foreign country or international organization where vital United States security interests are concerned when such emergency requirement cannot be met under authority of the Arms Export Control Act or any other law, reduced the President’s authority from $150 million to $67.5 million in any fiscal year, and required current reporting to Congress on the use of such authority.
1974—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 93–559 substituted “fiscal year 1975” for “fiscal year 1974” wherever appearing and “$150,000,000” for “$250,000,000”.
1973—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 93–189 substituted “the fiscal year 1974”, “in the security interests”, and “$250,000,000” for “the fiscal year 1972”, “vital to the security”, and “$300,000,000”, respectively.
1972—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 92–226 substituted “1972” for “1970 and the fiscal year 1971” and “the fiscal year 1972” for “each of the fiscal years 1970 and 1971”, and repealed last sentence providing for prompt notice of action taken to Committees on Foreign Relations, Appropriations, and Armed Services of the Senate and Speaker of the House.
1969—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91–175 substituted “1970 and the fiscal year 1971” for “1969” in first sentence, and substituted “in each of the fiscal years 1970 and 1971” for “in the fiscal year 1969” in second sentence.
1968—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 90–554 substituted “1969” for “1968” wherever appearing.
1967—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 90–137 substituted “1968” for “1967” wherever appearing.
1966—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89–583 substituted “1967” for “1966” wherever appearing.
1965—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89–171 substituted “1966” for “1965” wherever appearing.
1964—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 88–633 substituted “1965” for “1964” wherever appearing.
1963—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 88–205 substituted “1964” for “1963” wherever appearing.
1962—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 87–565 substituted “1963” for “1962” wherever appearing.
References to subchapter II of this chapter are deemed to exclude parts IV (§ 2346 et seq.), VI (§ 2348 et seq.), and VIII (§ 2349aa et seq.) of subchapter II, and references to subchapter I of this chapter are deemed to include such parts. See section 202(b) of Pub. L. 92–226, set out as a note under section 2346 of this title, and sections 2348c and 2349aa–5 of this title.