22 U.S. Code § 2551 - Congressional statement of purpose
An ultimate goal of the United States is a world which is free from the scourge of war and the dangers and burdens of armaments; in which the use of force has been subordinated to the rule of law; and in which international adjustments to a changing world are achieved peacefully. It is the purpose of this chapter to provide impetus toward this goal by addressing the problem of reduction and control of armaments looking toward ultimate world disarmament.
The Secretary of State must have the capacity to provide the essential scientific, economic, political, military, psychological, and technological information upon which realistic arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament policy must be based. The Secretary shall have the authority, under the direction of the President, to carry out the following primary functions:
(2) The conduct, support, and coordination of research for arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament policy formulation.
(3) The preparation for, operation of, or direction of, United States participation in such control systems as may become part of United Statesarms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament activities.
(4) The dissemination and coordination of public information concerning arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament.
1998—Pub. L. 105–277, § 1223(1)(A), in first undesignated par., substituted “addressing” for “creating a new agency of peace to deal with”.
Pub. L. 105–277, § 1223(1)(B), struck out second undesignated par. which read as follows: “Arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament policy, being an important aspect of foreign policy, must be consistent with national security policy as a whole. The formulation and implementation of United States arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament policy in a manner which will promote the national security can best be insured by a central organization charged by statute with primary responsibility for this field. This organization must have such a position within the Government that it can provide the President, the Secretary of State, other officials of the executive branch, and the Congress with recommendations concerning United States arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament policy, and can assess the effect of these recommendations upon our foreign policies, our national security policies, and our economy.”
Pub. L. 105–277, § 1223(1)(C), in last undesignated par., in introductory provisions, substituted “The Secretary of State” for “This organization”, substituted “The Secretary shall have” for “It shall have”, and struck out “and the Secretary of State” after “the President”, in subpar. (1) inserted “, nonproliferation,” after “arms control”, redesignated subpar. (3) as (2) and struck out former subpar. (2) which read as follows: “When directed by the President, the preparation for, and management of, United States participation in international negotiations and implementation fora in the nonproliferation field.”, redesignated subpar. (4) as (3) and struck out “, as appropriate,” before “direction of”, and redesignated subpar. (5) as (4).
1994—Pub. L. 103–236, § 719(a), inserted “, nonproliferation,” after “Arms control” in second undesignated par. and after “arms control” wherever appearing in second and third undesignated pars.
Pub. L. 103–236, § 703, substituted subpars. (1) to (5) for former subpars. (a) to (d) which read as follows:
“(a) The conduct, support, and coordination of research for arms control and disarmament policy formulation;
“(c) The dissemination and coordination of public information concerning arms control and disarmament; and
“(d) The preparation for, operation of, or as appropriate, direction of United States participation in such control systems as may become part of United Statesarms control and disarmament activities.”
1975—Pub. L. 94–141 substituted “It shall have the authority, under the direction of the President and the Secretary of State,” for “It must be able”.
Pub. L. 87–297, title I, § 101, formerly § 1, Sept. 26, 1961, 75 Stat. 631, as renumbered § 101 by Pub. L. 105–277, div. G, subdiv. A, title XII, § 1223(21), Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–772, provided that:
“This subtitle may be cited as the ‘International Arms Sales Code of Conduct Act of 1999’.
Pub. L. 103–236, title VII, § 702, Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 491, stated congressional declarations and purposes of amendments by part A of title VII of Pub. L. 103–236 (see Short Title of 1994 Amendment note above) to strengthen United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and to improve congressional oversight of arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament activities of United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and of Agency’s operating budget.
Pub. L. 103–236, title VII, § 717(b), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 500, provided that not later than Dec. 31, 1995, Director of United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency was to submit to Congress a detailed report describing actions undertaken to revitalize United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.
Pub. L. 102–228, title II, Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat. 1693, as amended by Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title XIV, § 1421(a)(2), (3), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2565; Pub. L. 103–236, title I, § 139(17), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 398; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XII, § 1204, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 470; Pub. L. 110–53, title XVIII, § 1811(1), Aug. 3, 2007, 121 Stat. 492; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title XIII, § 1304(a)(1), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 412; Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title XIII, § 1351(1), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3606, provided that:
“This title may be cited as the ‘Soviet Nuclear Threat Reduction Act of 1991’.”
“part b—findings and program authority
“part c—administrative and funding authorities
“SEC. 223. DIRE EMERGENCY SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS.
“It is the sense of the Senate that the committee of conference on House Joint Resolution 157 [enacted into law as Pub. L. 102–229] should consider providing the necessary authority in the conference agreement for the President to transfer funds pursuant to this title.
“part d—reporting requirements
Pub. L. 102–228, title IV, § 401(c), Dec. 12, 1991, 105 Stat. 1699, directed Inspector General of Arms Control and Disarmament Agency to submit, not later than Dec. 15, 1992, to President, Speaker of House of Representatives, and chairman of Committee on Foreign Relations of Senate a report on Agency’s fulfillment of primary functions described in section 2551 of this title and directed President to submit comments on any recommendations contained in the report dealing with executive branch organization and direction, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–236, title I, § 139(18), Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 398.
Ex. Ord. No. 12946, Jan. 20, 1995, 60 F.R. 4829, which established within Department of Defense the President’s Advisory Board on Arms Proliferation Policy, was revoked by Ex. Ord. No. 13062, § 3(c), Sept. 29, 1997, 62 F.R. 51756, formerly set out as a note under section 14 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
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