1992—Subsec. (c)(3)(A)(i). Pub. L. 102–484, § 1054(c)(2), made technical correction to directory language of Pub. L. 102–25, § 702(b)(4). See 1991 Amendment note below.
Pub. L. 102–484, § 1054(a)(6), made amendment identical to amendment by Pub. L. 102–25, § 702(b)(4). See 1991 Amendment note below.
1991—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 102–25, § 702(b)(2), struck out “of this subsection” after “paragraph (3)”.
Subsec. (c)(3)(A)(i). Pub. L. 102–25, § 702(b)(4), as amended by Pub. L. 102–484, § 1054(c)(2), struck out “of this subparagraph” after “clause (ii)”.
Subsec. (c)(3)(B). Pub. L. 102–25, § 702(b)(3), struck out “of this paragraph” after “subparagraph (A)”.
Subsec. (c)(6). Pub. L. 102–25, § 702(b)(2), struck out “of this subsection” after “paragraph (1)” and after “paragraph (3)(A)(ii)”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 102–25, § 702(b)(1), struck out “of this section” after “(c)”.
1990—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–510, § 1484(d)(4), substituted “August 27, 1986” for “the date of the enactment of the Victims of Terrorism Compensation Act”.
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 101–510, § 1484(e)(2), inserted “(5 U.S.C. 5569 note)” after “Terrorism Compensation Act”.
1987—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–26 substituted “In this section:” for “In this section—”, inserted “The term” at beginning of pars. (1) and (2), and substituted period for “; and” at end of par. (1).
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date; Payments; Interest
Pub. L. 99–399, title VIII, § 806(a)(3), Aug. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 885, provided that:
Except as provided in clause (ii), section 559 of title 37
, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall apply to any person whose captive status
begins after January 21, 1981
Subsection (c) of such section shall apply to any person whose captive status
begins on or after November 4, 1979
In the case of any person whose status as a captive terminated before the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 27, 1986], the President shall make a payment under paragraph (1) of such subsection before the end of the one-year period beginning on such date.
Amounts may be allotted to a savings fund established under such section from pay and allowances
for any pay period ending after January 21, 1981
, and before the establishment of such fund.
Interest on amounts so allotted with respect to any such pay period shall be calculated as if the allotment had occurred at the end of such pay period.”
Recalculation of Previous Payments
Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VI, § 675(b), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 187, provided that:
“In the case of any payment of back pay made to or for a person under section 667 of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 [Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, § 667], set out below] before the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 28, 2008], the Secretary of the Navy shall—
recalculate the amount of back pay to which the person is entitled by reason of the amendment made by subsection (a) [amending Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A]
, title VI, § 667], set out below]; and
if the amount of back pay, as so recalculated, exceeds the amount of back pay so paid, pay the person, or the surviving spouse of the person, an amount equal to the excess.”
Back Pay for Members of the Navy and Marine Corps Selected for Promotion While Interned as Prisoners of War During World War II
Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VI, § 667], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–169, as amended by Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title VI, § 675(a), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 186, provided that:
“(a) Entitlement of Former Prisoners of War.—
Upon receipt of a claim made in accordance with this section, the Secretary of the Navy shall pay, from any appropriation currently available to the Secretary, back pay to any person who, by reason of being interned as a prisoner of war while serving as a member of the Navy or the Marine Corps during World War II, was not available to accept a promotion for which the person had been selected.
“(b) Payment to Surviving Spouse of Deceased Former Member.—
In the case of a person described in subsection (a) who is deceased, the back pay for that person under this section shall be paid to the living surviving spouse of that person, if any. If there is no living surviving spouse, no claim may be paid under this section with respect to that person.
“(c) Amount of Back Pay.—
(1) The amount of back pay payable to or for a person described in subsection (a) is the amount equal to the difference between—
the total amount of basic pay that would have been paid to that person for service in the Navy or the Marine Corps for the back-pay computation period if the person had been promoted to the grade to which selected to be promoted; and
the total amount of basic pay that was actually paid to or for that person for such service for the back-pay computation period.
“(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), the back-pay computation period for a person covered by subsection (a) is the period—
beginning on the date (as determined by the Secretary of the Navy) as of when that person’s promotion would have been effective for pay purposes but for the person’s internment as a prisoner of war; and
“(B) ending on the earliest of—
the date of the person’s discharge or release from active duty;
the date on which the person’s promotion to that grade in fact became effective for pay purposes; and
the end of World War II.
The amount determined for a person under paragraph (1) shall be increased to reflect increases in cost of living since the basic pay referred to in paragraph (1)(B) was paid to or for that person, calculated on the basis of the Consumer Price Index (all items—United States city average) published monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
“(d) Time Limitations.—
To be eligible for a payment under this section, a claimant must file a claim for such payment with the Secretary of the Navy within two years after the effective date of the regulations prescribed to carry out this section.
Not later than 18 months after receiving a claim for payment under this section, the Secretary shall determine the eligibility of the claimant for payment of the claim. Subject to subsection (f), if the Secretary determines that the claimant is eligible for the payment, the Secretary shall promptly pay the claim.
Not later than six months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 30, 2000], the Secretary of the Navy shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Such regulations shall include procedures by which persons may submit claims for payment under this section.
“(f) Limitation on Disbursement.—
Notwithstanding any power of attorney, assignment of interest, contract, or other agreement, the actual disbursement of a payment of back pay under this section may be made only to a person who is eligible for the payment under subsection (a) or (b).
In the case of a claim approved for payment but not disbursed as a result of paragraph (1), the Secretary shall hold the funds in trust for the person in an interest bearing account until such time as the person makes an election under such paragraph.
“(g) Attorney Fees.—
Notwithstanding any contract, the representative of a person may not receive, for services rendered in connection with the claim of, or with respect to, a person under this section, more than 10 percent of the amount of a payment made under this section on that claim.
The Secretary of the Navy shall take such actions as are necessary to ensure that the benefits and eligibility for benefits under this section are widely publicized by means designed to provide actual notice of the availability of the benefits in a timely manner to the maximum number of eligible persons practicable.
In this section, the term ‘World War II’ has the meaning given that term in section 101(8) of title 38
, United States Code.”
Payment to Individuals Held in Captive Status Between November 4, 1979, and January 21, 1981
For payment for individuals in the uniformed services referred to in subsec. (c) of this section held in captive status between Nov. 4, 1979, and Jan. 21, 1981, see section 802 of Pub. L. 99–399, set out as a note under section 5569 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.