38 U.S. Code § 2011 - Grants

§ 2011.
(a)Authority To Make Grants.—Subject to the availability of appropriations provided for such purpose, the Secretary shall make grants to assist eligible entities in establishing programs to furnish, and expanding or modifying existing programs for furnishing, the following to homeless veterans:
Rehabilitative services.
Vocational counseling and training.
Transitional housing assistance.
(b)Criteria for Grants.—The Secretary shall establish criteria and requirements for grants under this section, including criteria for entities eligible to receive grants, and shall publish such criteria and requirements in the Federal Register. The criteria established under this subsection shall include the following:
(1) Specification as to the kinds of projects for which grants are available, which shall include—
new construction of facilities, expansion, remodeling, or alteration of existing facilities, or acquisition of facilities, for use as service centers, transitional housing, or other facilities to serve homeless veterans; and
procurement of vans for use in outreach to and transportation for homeless veterans for purposes of a program referred to in subsection (a).
Specification as to the number of projects for which grants are available.
Criteria for staffing for the provision of services under a project for which grants are made.
(4) Provisions to ensure that grants under this section—
shall not result in duplication of ongoing services; and
to the maximum extent practicable, shall reflect appropriate geographic dispersion and an appropriate balance between urban and other locations.
(5) Provisions to ensure that an entity receiving a grant shall meet fire and safety requirements established by the Secretary, which shall include—
such State and local requirements that may apply; and
fire and safety requirements applicable under the Life Safety Code of the National Fire Protection Association or such other comparable fire and safety requirements as the Secretary may specify.
Specification as to the means by which an entity receiving a grant may contribute in-kind services to the start-up costs of a project for which a grant is sought and the methodology for assigning a cost to that contribution for purposes of subsection (c).
(c)Funding Limitations.—
A grant under this section may not be used to support operational costs.
The amount of a grant under this section may not exceed 65 percent of the estimated cost of the project concerned.
The Secretary may not deny an application from an entity that seeks a grant under this section to carry out a project described in subsection (b)(1)(A) solely on the basis that the entity proposes to use funding from other private or public sources, if the entity demonstrates that a private nonprofit organization will provide oversight and site control for the project.
(B) In this paragraph, the term “private nonprofit organization” means the following:
(i) An incorporated private institution, organization, or foundation—
that has received, or has temporary clearance to receive, tax-exempt status under paragraph (2), (3), or (19) of section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986;
for which no part of the net earnings of the institution, organization, or foundation inures to the benefit of any member, founder, or contributor of the institution, organization, or foundation; and
that the Secretary determines is financially responsible.
A for-profit limited partnership or limited liability company, the sole general partner or manager of which is an organization that is described by subclauses (I) through (III) of clause (i).
A corporation wholly owned and controlled by an organization that is described by subclauses (I) through (III) of clause (i).
(d)Eligible Entities.—The Secretary may make a grant under this section to an entity applying for such a grant only if the applicant for the grant—
is a public or nonprofit private entity with the capacity (as determined by the Secretary) to effectively administer a grant under this section;
demonstrates that adequate financial support will be available to carry out the project for which the grant is sought consistent with the plans, specifications, and schedule submitted by the applicant; and
agrees to meet the applicable criteria and requirements established under subsections (b) and (g) and has, as determined by the Secretary, the capacity to meet such criteria and requirements.
(e)Application Requirement.—An entity seeking a grant for a project under this section shall submit to the Secretary an application for the grant. The application shall set forth the following:
The amount of the grant sought for the project.
A description of the site for the project.
Plans, specifications, and the schedule for implementation of the project in accordance with criteria and requirements prescribed by the Secretary under subsection (b).
Reasonable assurance that upon completion of the work for which the grant is sought, the project will become operational and the facilities will be used principally to provide to veterans the services for which the project was designed, and that not more than 25 percent of the services provided under the project will be provided to individuals who are not veterans.
(f)Program Requirements.—The Secretary may not make a grant for a project to an applicant under this section unless the applicant in the application for the grant agrees to each of the following requirements:
To provide the services for which the grant is made at locations accessible to homeless veterans.
To maintain referral networks for homeless veterans for establishing eligibility for assistance and obtaining services, under available entitlement and assistance programs, and to aid such veterans in establishing eligibility for and obtaining such services.
To ensure the confidentiality of records maintained on homeless veterans receiving services through the project.
To establish such procedures for fiscal control and fund accounting as may be necessary to ensure proper disbursement and accounting with respect to the grant and to such payments as may be made under section 2012 of this title.
To seek to employ homeless veterans and formerly homeless veterans in positions created for purposes of the grant for which those veterans are qualified.
(g)Service Center Requirements.—In addition to criteria and requirements established under subsection (b), in the case of an application for a grant under this section for a service center for homeless veterans, the Secretary shall require each of the following:
That such center provide services to homeless veterans during such hours as the Secretary may specify and be open to such veterans on an as-needed, unscheduled basis.
That space at such center be made available, as mutually agreeable, for use by staff of the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Department of Labor, and other appropriate agencies and organizations in assisting homeless veterans served by such center.
That such center be equipped and staffed to provide or to assist in providing health care, mental health services, hygiene facilities, benefits and employment counseling, meals, transportation assistance, and such other services as the Secretary determines necessary.
That such center be equipped and staffed to provide, or to assist in providing, job training, counseling, and placement services (including job readiness and literacy and skills training), as well as any outreach and case management services that may be necessary to carry out this paragraph.
(h)Recovery of Unused Grant Funds.—
If a grant recipient under this section does not establish a program in accordance with this section or ceases to furnish services under such a program for which the grant was made, the United States shall be entitled to recover from such recipient the total of all unused grant amounts made under this section to such recipient in connection with such program.
Any amount recovered by the United States under paragraph (1) may be obligated by the Secretary without fiscal year limitation to carry out provisions of this subchapter.
An amount may not be recovered under paragraph (1) as an unused grant amount before the end of the three-year period beginning on the date on which the grant is made.
(Added Pub. L. 107–95, § 5(a)(1), Dec. 21, 2001, 115 Stat. 906; amended Pub. L. 109–444, §§ 2(b), 8(a)(4), Dec. 21, 2006, 120 Stat. 3304, 3313; Pub. L. 109–461, title VII, § 703(a), title X, §§ 1004(a)(4), 1006(b), Dec. 22, 2006, 120 Stat. 3440, 3465, 3468; Pub. L. 112–154, title III, § 301(a), Aug. 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 1182.)
References in Text

Section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, referred to in subsec. (c)(3)(B)(i)(I), is classified to section 501(c) of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 2011 was renumbered section 4211 of this title.

Another prior section 2011 was renumbered section 4102 of this title.


2012—Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 112–154, § 301(a)(1), substituted “new construction of facilities, expansion, remodeling, or alteration of existing facilities, or acquisition of facilities,” for “expansion, remodeling, or alteration of existing buildings, or acquisition of facilities,”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 112–154, § 301(a)(2), designated first sentence as par. (1) and second sentence as par. (2) and added par. (3).

2006—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–461, § 1006(b), provided that as of the enactment of Pub. L. 109–461, the amendments made by Pub. L. 109–444 were deemed for all purposes not to have taken effect and that Pub. L. 109–444 ceased to be in effect. See Amendment notes below and section 1006(b) of Pub. L. 109–461, set out as a Coordination of Provisions With Pub. L. 109–444 note under section 101 of this title.

Pub. L. 109–461, § 1004(a)(4), which directed insertion of a period at end of subpar. (C) of par. (1), was executed to par. (3) to reflect the probable intent of Congress and the redesignation of par. (1)(C) as (3) by Pub. L. 109–461, § 703(a). See below.

Pub. L. 109–461, § 703(a), struck out par. (1) designation before “Subject”, redesignated subpars. (A) to (D) of former par. (1) as pars. (1) to (4), respectively, and struck out former par. (2), which read as follows: “The authority of the Secretary to make grants under this section expires on September 30, 2005.”

Pub. L. 109–444, § 8(a)(4), which inserted period at end of subpar. (C) of par. (1), was terminated by Pub. L. 109–461, § 1006(b). See Amendment notes above.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 109–444, § 2(b), which substituted “September 30, 2007” for “September 30, 2005”, was terminated by Pub. L. 109–461, § 1006(b). See Amendment notes above.

Grant and Per Diem Payments

Pub. L. 112–154, title III, § 301(b), Aug. 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 1183, provided that:

“(1)Study and development of fiscal controls and payment method.—Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 6, 2012], the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall—
complete a study of all matters relating to the method used by the Secretary to make per diem payments under section 2012(a) of title 38, United States Code, including changes anticipated by the Secretary in the cost of furnishing services to homeless veterans and accounting for costs of providing such services in various geographic areas;
develop more effective and efficient procedures for fiscal control and fund accounting by recipients of grants under sections 2011, 2012, and 2061 of such title; and
develop a more effective and efficient method for adequately reimbursing recipients of grants under section 2011 of such title for services furnished to homeless veterans.
In developing the method required by paragraph (1)(C), the Secretary may consider payments and grants received by recipients of grants described in such paragraph from other departments and agencies of Federal and local governments and from private entities.
“(3)Report.—Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on—
the findings of the Secretary with respect to the study required by subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1);
the methods developed under subparagraphs (B) and (C) of such paragraph; and
any recommendations of the Secretary for revising the method described in subparagraph (A) of such paragraph and any legislative action the Secretary considers necessary to implement such method.”

Continuation of Authority

Pub. L. 109–114, title II, § 230, Nov. 30, 2005, 119 Stat. 2393, provided that:

“The authority provided by section 2011 of title 38, United States Code, shall continue in effect through September 30, 2006.”

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

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5 CFR - Administrative Personnel


20 CFR - Employees' Benefits


38 CFR - Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief



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