(a) In generalThe Secretary shall carry out a program of financial assistance to—
(1) facilitate the production and generation of coal-based power, through the deployment of clean coal electric generating equipment and processes that, compared to equipment or processes that are in operation on a full scale—
environmental performance consistent with relevant Federal and State clean air requirements, including those promulgated under the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.); and
(2) facilitate the utilization of existing coal-based electricity generation plants through projects that—
are designed to voluntarily enhance environmental performance above current applicable obligations under the Clean Air Act and State implementation efforts pursuant to such Act.
(b) Financial criteriaAs determined by the Secretary for a particular project, financial assistance under this subchapter shall be in the form of—
cost-sharing of an appropriate percentage of the total project cost, not to exceed 50 percent as calculated under section 16352 of this title; or
financial assistance, including grants, cooperative agreements, or loans as authorized under this Act or other statutory authority of the Secretary.
(Pub. L. 102–486, title XXXI, § 3102, as added Pub. L. 109–58, title IV, § 421(a), Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 757.)