42 U.S. Code § 1437t - Authority to convert public housing to vouchers
A public housing agency may convert any public housing project (or portion thereof) owned by the public housing agency to tenant-based assistance, but only in accordance with the requirements of this section.
(b) Conversion assessment
(1) In general
To convert public housing under this section, a public housing agency shall conduct an assessment of the public housing that includes—
(A) a cost analysis that demonstrates whether or not the cost (both on a net present value basis and in terms of new budget authority requirements) of providing tenant-based assistance under section 1437f of this title for the same families in substantially similar dwellings over the same period of time is less expensive than continuing public housing assistance in the public housing project for the remaining useful life of the project;
(B) an analysis of the market value of the public housing project both before and after rehabilitation, and before and after conversion;
(C) an analysis of the rental market conditions with respect to the likely success of the use of tenant-based assistance under section 1437f of this title in that market for the specific residents of the public housing project, including an assessment of the availability of decent and safe dwellings renting at or below the payment standard established for tenant-based assistance under section 1437f of this title by the agency;
(D) the impact of the conversion to tenant-based assistance under this section on the neighborhood in which the public housing project is located; and
Not later than 2 years after the effective date under section 503(a) of the Quality Housing and Work Responsibility Act of 1998, each public housing agency shall conduct an assessment under paragraph (1) or (3) of the status of each public housing project owned by such agency and shall submit to the Secretary such assessment. A public housing agency may otherwise undertake an assessment under this subsection at any time and for any public housing project (or portion thereof) owned by the agency. A public housing agency may update a previously conducted assessment for a project (or portion thereof) for purposes of compliance with the one-year limitation under subsection (c) of this section.
(3) Streamlined assessment
At the discretion of the Secretary or at the request of a public housing agency, the Secretary may waive any or all of the requirements of paragraph (1) or (3) or otherwise require a streamlined assessment with respect to any public housing project or class of public housing projects.
(c) Criteria for implementation of conversion plan
A public housing agency may convert a public housing project (or portion thereof) owned by the agency to tenant-based assistance only pursuant to a conversion assessment under subsection (b) of this section that one year  and that demonstrates that the conversion—
(1) will not be more expensive than continuing to operate the public housing project (or portion thereof) as public housing;
(2) will principally benefit the residents of the public housing project (or portion thereof) to be converted, the public housing agency, and the community; and
(d) Conversion plan requirement
A public housing project may be converted under this section to tenant-based assistance only as provided in a conversion plan under this subsection, which has not been disapproved by the Secretary pursuant to subsection (e) of this section. Each conversion plan shall—
(1) be developed by the public housing agency, in consultation with the appropriate public officials, with significant participation by the residents of the project (or portion thereof) to be converted;
(3) describe the conversion and future use or disposition of the project (or portion thereof) and include an impact analysis on the affected community;
(4) provide that the public housing agency shall—
(A) notify each family residing in a public housing project (or portion) to be converted under the plan 90 days prior to the displacement date except in cases of imminent threat to health or safety, consistent with any guidelines issued by the Secretary governing such notifications, that—
(i) the public housing project (or portion) will be removed from the inventory of the public housing agency; and
(ii) each family displaced by such action will be offered comparable housing—
(II) that is located in an area that is generally not less desirable than the location of the displaced person’s housing; and
(III) which may include—
(aa) tenant-based assistance, except that the requirement under this clause regarding offering of comparable housing shall be fulfilled by use of tenant-based assistance only upon the relocation of such family into such housing;
(C) ensure that, if the project (or portion) converted is used as housing after such conversion, each resident may choose to remain in their dwelling unit in the project and use the tenant-based assistance toward rent for that unit; and
(e) Review and approval of conversion plans
The Secretary shall disapprove a conversion plan only if—
(1) the plan is plainly inconsistent with the conversion assessment for the agency developed under subsection (b) of this section;
(2) there is reliable information and data available to the Secretary that contradicts that conversion assessment; or
(f) Tenant-based assistance
To the extent approved by the Secretary, the funds used by the public housing agency to provide tenant-based assistance under section 1437f of this title shall be added to the annual contribution contract administered by the public housing agency.
 So in original.
Source(Sept. 1, 1937, ch. 896, title I, § 22, as added Pub. L. 101–625, title V, § 515(a),Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4196; amended Pub. L. 102–550, title I, § 119,Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3695; Pub. L. 105–276, title V, § 533(a),Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2576.)
References in Text
Section 503(a) of the Quality Housing and Work Responsibility Act of 1998, referred to in subsec. (b)(2), is section 503(a) ofPub. L. 105–276, which is set out as an Effective Date of 1998 Amendment note under section 1437 of this title.
1998—Pub. L. 105–276amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section related to award of grants to public housing agencies to adapt public housing to help families gain better access to educational and job opportunities, use of funds for supportive services, development of facilities to accommodate them, and employment of service coordinators, applications, selection for grants, reports to Secretary and Congress, and appropriations for fiscal years 1993 and 1994.
1992—Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 102–550amended subsec. (k) generally, substituting present provisions for provisions authorizing $25,000,000 in fiscal year 1991 and $26,100,000 in fiscal year 1992.
Effective Date of 1998 Amendment
Amendment by title V of Pub. L. 105–276effective and applicable beginning upon Oct. 1, 1999, except as otherwise provided, with provision that Secretary may implement amendment before such date, except to extent that such amendment provides otherwise, and with savings provision, see section 503 ofPub. L. 105–276, set out as a note under section 1437 of this title.
Pub. L. 105–276, title V, § 533(b),Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2578, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall not affect any contract or other agreement entered into under section 22 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 [42 U.S.C. 1437t], as such section existed immediately before the effective date under section 503(a) of the Quality Housing and Work Responsibility Act of 1998 [Pub. L. 105–276, set out as an Effective Date of 1998 Amendment note under section 1437 of this title].”
Public Housing One-Stop Perinatal Services Demonstration
Pub. L. 101–625, title V, § 521,Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4205, as amended by Pub. L. 102–550, title I, § 125,Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3710, which directed Secretary of Housing and Urban Development to carry out program to demonstrate effectiveness of providing grants to public housing agencies to assist such agencies in providing facilities for making one-stop perinatal services programs available for pregnant women residing in public housing, set forth preferences, limitation on grant amount, and program requirements, and required report to Congress not later than 1 year after amounts were first made available setting forth findings and conclusions and including recommendations with respect to establishment of permanent program, was repealed by Pub. L. 105–276, title V, § 582(a)(9),Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2644.