References in Text
This chapter, referred to in subsec. (a), was in the original “this Act”, meaning Pub. L. 93–288, May 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 143. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5121 of this title and Tables.
The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, referred to in subsec. (d)(1), is Pub. L. 91–190, Jan. 1, 1970, 83 Stat. 852, which is classified generally to chapter 55 (§ 4321 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4321 of this title and Tables.
The National Historic Preservation Act, referred to in subsec. (d)(1), is Pub. L. 89–665, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 915, which was classified generally to subchapter II (§ 470 et seq.) of chapter 1A of Title 16, Conservation. The Act, except for section 1, was repealed and restated in division A (§ 300101 et seq.) of subtitle III of Title 54, National Park Service and Related Programs, by Pub. L. 113–287, §§ 3, 7, Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3094, 3272. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables. For disposition of former sections of Title 16, see Disposition Table preceding section 100101 of Title 54.
2021—Subsec. (f)(12). Pub. L. 117–58 inserted “and wildfire” after “windstorm” and substituted “including—” for “including”, inserted subpar. (A) designation before “replacing” and “, wildfire,” after “extreme wind”, and added subpar. (B).
2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–254, § 1204(b)(1), inserted “, or any area affected by a fire for which assistance was provided under section 5187 of this title” after “affected by a major disaster” in first sentence as inserted by section 1235(a) of Pub. L. 115–254, and inserted “or event under section 5187 of this title” after “major disaster” in two places in third sentence.
Pub. L. 115–254, § 1235(a), substituted “The President may contribute up to 75 percent of the cost of hazard mitigation measures which the President has determined are cost effective and which substantially reduce the risk of, or increase resilience to, future damage, hardship, loss, or suffering in any area affected by a major disaster.” for “The President may contribute up to 75 percent of the cost of hazard mitigation measures which the President has determined are cost-effective and which substantially reduce the risk of future damage, hardship, loss, or suffering in any area affected by a major disaster.”
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 115–254, § 1205, added subsec. (f).
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 115–254, § 1233, added subsec. (g).
2013—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 113–2, § 1104(b), inserted “Until such time as the Administrator promulgates regulations to implement this paragraph, the Administrator may waive notice and comment rulemaking, if the Administrator determines doing so is necessary to expeditiously implement this section, and may carry out this section as a pilot program.” after “applications submitted under paragraph (1).” in introductory provisions.
Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 113–2, § 1104(a), added subsecs. (d) and (e).
2011—Subsec. (b)(1), (2). Pub. L. 111–351 substituted “Administrator” for “Director” wherever appearing.
2006—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–295, in last sentence, substituted “15 percent for amounts not more than $2,000,000,000, 10 percent for amounts of more than $2,000,000,000 and not more than $10,000,000,000, and 7.5 percent on amounts of more than $10,000,000,000 and not more than $35,333,000,000” for “7.5 percent”.
2003—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–7 substituted “7.5 percent” for “15 percent”.
2000—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–390, § 104(c)(1), substituted “section 5165” for “section 5176” in second sentence and “Subject to section 5165 of this title, the total” for “The total” in third sentence.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–390, § 204, added subsec. (c).
1993—Pub. L. 103–181 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, substituted “75 percent” for “50 percent” in first sentence, substituted “15 percent of the estimated aggregate amount of grants to be made (less any associated administrative costs) under this chapter with respect to the major disaster” for “10 percent of the estimated aggregate amounts of grants to be made under section 5172 of this title with respect to such major disaster” in last sentence, and added subsec. (b).
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2013 Amendment
Pub. L. 113–2, div. B, § 1104(c), Jan. 29, 2013, 127 Stat. 43, provided that:
“The authority under the amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to—
a major disaster
declared under that Act before the date of enactment of this division for which the period for processing requests for assistance has not ended as of the date of enactment of this division.”
Transfer of Functions
For transfer of all functions, personnel, assets, components, authorities, grant programs, and liabilities of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, including the functions of the Under Secretary for Federal Emergency Management relating thereto, to the Federal Emergency Management Agency, see section 315(a)(1) of Title 6, Domestic Security.
For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, including the functions of the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see former section 313(1) and sections 551(d), 552(d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.
Hazard Eligibility and Local Projects
Pub. L. 117–332, Jan. 5, 2023, 136 Stat. 6119, provided that:
“SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
“This Act may be cited as the ‘Hazard Eligibility and Local Projects Act’.
“SEC. 2. AUTHORITY TO BEGIN IMPLEMENTATION OF ACQUISITION AND DEMOLITION ASSISTANCE PROJECTS.
“(a) Definitions.—In this section:
The term ‘Administrator’ means the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
“(2) Covered project.—The term ‘covered project’ means a project that—
is an acquisition and demolition project for which an entity began implementation, including planning or construction, before or after requesting assistance for the project under a hazard mitigation assistance program; and
“(3) Hazard mitigation assistance program.—The term ‘hazard mitigation assistance program’ means—
“(b) Eligibility for Assistance for Covered Projects.—
“(1) In general.—An entity seeking assistance under a hazard mitigation assistance program may be eligible to receive that assistance for a covered project if—
“(A) the entity—
complies with all other eligibility requirements of the hazard mitigation assistance program for acquisition or demolition projects, including extinguishing all incompatible encumbrances; and
complies with all Federal requirements for the covered project; and
“(B) the Administrator determines that the covered project—
is compliant with applicable floodplain management and protection of wetland regulations and criteria; and
does not require consultation under any other environmental or historic preservation law or regulation or involve any extraordinary circumstances.
“(2) Costs incurred.—
An entity seeking assistance under a hazard mitigation assistance program shall be responsible for any project costs incurred by the entity for a covered project if the covered project is not awarded, or is determined to be ineligible for, assistance.
This Act shall apply to covered projects started on or after the date of enactment of this Act [Jan. 5, 2023].
“(d) Report.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for 3 years, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a report on use of the authority under this Act, including—
how many applicants used the authority;
how many applicants using the authority successfully obtained a grant;
how many applicants were not able to successfully obtain a grant;
the reasons applicants were not able to obtain a grant; and
the extent to which applicants using the authority were able to comply with all necessary Federal environmental, historic preservation, and other related laws and regulations.
The authority provided under this Act shall cease to be effective on the date that is 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act.”
Wage Rate Requirements
For provisions relating to rates of wages to be paid to laborers and mechanics on projects for construction, alteration, or repair work funded under div. D or an amendment by div. D of Pub. L. 117–58, including authority of Secretary of Labor, see section 18851 of this title.
Funding of a Federally Authorized Water Resources Development Project
Pub. L. 115–254, div. D, § 1210(b), Oct. 5, 2018, 132 Stat. 3444, provided that:
“(1) Eligible activities.—
Notwithstanding section 312 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act
(42 U.S.C. 5155
) and its implementing regulations, assistance provided pursuant to section 404 of such Act [42 U.S.C. 5170c
] may be used to fund activities authorized for construction within the scope of a federally authorized water resources development project of the Army Corps of Engineers if such activities are also eligible activities under such section.
“(2) Federal funding.—
All Federal funding provided under section 404
pursuant to this section shall be applied toward the Federal share of such project.
“(3) Non-federal match.—
All non-Federal matching funds required under section 404
pursuant to this section shall be applied toward the non-Federal share of such project.
“(4) Total federal share.—
Funding provided under section 404
pursuant to this section may not exceed the total Federal share for such project.
“(5) No effect.—Nothing in this section shall—
affect the cost-share requirement of a hazard mitigation measure under section 404;
affect the eligibility criteria for a hazard mitigation measure under section 404;
affect the cost share requirements of a federally authorized water resources development project; and
affect the responsibilities of a non-Federal interest with respect to the project, including those related to the provision of lands, easements, rights-of-way, dredge material disposal areas, and necessary relocations.
If a federally authorized water resources development project of the Army Corps of Engineers is constructed with funding provided under section 404
pursuant to this subsection, no further Federal funding shall be provided for construction of such project.”
Guidance on Hazard Mitigation Assistance
Pub. L. 115–254, div. D, § 1231, Oct. 5, 2018, 132 Stat. 3459, provided that:
“(a) In General.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 5, 2018], the Administrator [of the Federal Emergency Management Agency] shall issue guidance regarding the acquisition of property for open space as a mitigation measure under section 404 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5170c) that includes—
“(1) a process by which the State hazard mitigation officer appointed for such an acquisition shall, not later than 60 days after the applicant for assistance enters into an agreement with the Administrator regarding the acquisition, provide written notification to each affected unit of local government for such acquisition that includes—
the location of the acquisition;
-local assistance agreement for the hazard mitigation grant program;
a description of the acquisition; and
a copy of the deed restriction; and
“(2) recommendations for entering into and implementing a memorandum of understanding between units of local government and covered entities that includes provisions to allow an affected unit of local government notified under paragraph (1) to—
use and maintain the open space created by such a project, consistent with section 404
[42 U.S.C. 5170c
] (including related regulations, standards, and guidance) and consistent with all adjoining property, subject to the notification of the adjoining property, so long as the cost of the maintenance is borne by the local government;
maintain the open space pursuant to standards exceeding any local government
standards defined in the agreement with the Administrator described under paragraph (1).
“(b) Definitions.—In this section:
“(2) Covered entity.—The term ‘covered entity’ means—
the grantee or subgrantee receiving assistance for an open space project described in subsection (a);
in which such project is located; and
the applicable Regional Administrator of the Agency.”
[For definition of “State” as used in section 1231 of Pub. L. 115–254, set out above, see section 1203 of Pub. L. 115–254, set out as a Definitions note under section 5122 of this title.]