2018—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 115–232, § 3543(a)(1), struck out par. (3) which related to effective date of par. (1) requirements.
Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 115–232, § 3543(a)(2), substituted “services as confidential” for “services confidential”.
Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 115–232, § 3543(a)(3), substituted “The Secretary shall maintain” for “Within 6 months after the date of enactment of the Cruise Vessel Security and Safety Act of 2010, the Secretary shall issue”.
Subsec. (k)(1). Pub. L. 115–232, § 3541(b)(9)(A), substituted “section 2101(31)” for “section 2101(22)” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 115–232, § 3541(b)(9)(B), added subsec. (l) and struck out former subsec. (l) which defined “Commandant” and “owner”.
2014—Subsec. (g)(3)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 113–281, § 321(a)(1), substituted “each incident specified in clause (i) to the Internet website maintained by the Secretary of Transportation under paragraph (4)(A)” for “the incident to an Internet based portal maintained by the Secretary”.
Subsec. (g)(3)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 113–281, § 321(a)(2), substituted “Internet website maintained by the Secretary of Transportation under paragraph (4)(A)” for “Internet based portal maintained by the Secretary”.
Subsec. (g)(4)(A). Pub. L. 113–281, § 321(b)(1), added subpar. (A) and struck out former subpar. (A). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The Secretary shall maintain a statistical compilation of all incidents described in paragraph (3)(A)(i) on an Internet site that provides a numerical accounting of the missing persons and alleged crimes recorded in each report filed under paragraph (3)(A)(i) that are no longer under investigation by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The data shall be updated no less frequently than quarterly, aggregated by cruise line, each cruise line shall be identified by name, and each crime shall be identified as to whether it was committed by a passenger or a crew member.”
Subsec. (g)(4)(B). Pub. L. 113–281, § 321(b)(2), substituted “Secretary of Transportation” for “Secretary”.
Pub. L. 111–207, § 2, July 27, 2010, 124 Stat. 2243, provided that:
“The Congress makes the following findings:
There are approximately 200 overnight ocean-going cruise vessels
worldwide. The average ocean-going cruise vessel
carries 2,000 passengers
with a crew of 950 people.
In 2007 alone, approximately 12,000,000 passengers
were projected to take a cruise worldwide.
on cruise vessels
have an inadequate appreciation of their potential vulnerability to crime while on ocean voyages, and those who may be victimized lack the information they need to understand their legal rights or to know whom to contact for help in the immediate aftermath of the crime.
Sexual violence, the disappearance of passengers
on the high seas, and other serious crimes have occurred during luxury cruises.
Over the last 5 years, sexual assault and physical assaults on cruise vessels
were the leading crimes investigated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation
with regard to cruise vessel
These crimes at sea can involve attacks both by passengers
and crewmembers on other passengers
Except for United States
or foreign flagged vessels
operating in an area subject to the direct jurisdiction of the United States
, there are no Federal statutes or regulations that explicitly require cruise lines to report alleged crimes to United States
It is not known precisely how often crimes occur on cruise vessels
or exactly how many people have disappeared during ocean voyages because cruise line companies do not make comprehensive, crime-related data readily available to the public.
Obtaining reliable crime-related cruise data from governmental sources can be difficult, because multiple countries may be involved when a crime occurs on the high seas, including the flag country for the vessel
, the country of citizenship of particular passengers
, and any countries having special or maritime jurisdiction.
It can be difficult for professional crime investigators to immediately secure an alleged crime scene on a cruise vessel
, recover evidence of an onboard offense, and identify or interview potential witnesses to the alleged crime.
Most cruise vessels
that operate into and out of United States
ports are registered under the laws of another country, and investigations and prosecutions of crimes against passengers
and crewmembers may involve the laws and authorities of multiple nations.
The Department of Homeland Security
has found it necessary to establish 500-yard security zones
around cruise vessels
to limit the risk of terrorist attack. Recently piracy has dramatically increased throughout the world.
To enhance the safety of cruise passengers
, the owners
of cruise vessels
could upgrade, modernize, and retrofit the safety and security infrastructure on such vessels
by installing peep holes in passenger
room doors, installing security video cameras in targeted areas, limiting access to passenger
rooms to select staff during specific times, and installing acoustic hailing and warning devices capable of communicating over distances.”