46 U.S. Code § 41104 - Common carriers

(a) In General.—A common carrier, either alone or in conjunction with any other person, directly or indirectly, may not—
(1)
allow a person to obtain transportation for property at less than the rates or charges established by the carrier in its tariff or service contract by means of false billing, false classification, false weighing, false measurement, or any other unjust or unfair device or means;
(2) provide service in the liner trade that is—
(A)
not in accordance with the rates, charges, classifications, rules, and practices contained in a tariff published or a service contract entered into under chapter 405 of this title, unless excepted or exempted under section 40103 or 40501(a)(2) of this title; or
(B)
under a tariff or service contract that has been suspended or prohibited by the Federal Maritime Commission under chapter 407 or 423 of this title;
(3)
retaliate against a shipper by refusing, or threatening to refuse, cargo space accommodations when available, or resort to other unfair or unjustly discriminatory methods because the shipper has patronized another carrier, or has filed a complaint, or for any other reason;
(4) for service pursuant to a tariff, engage in any unfair or unjustly discriminatory practice in the matter of—
(A)
rates or charges;
(B)
cargo classifications;
(C)
cargo space accommodations or other facilities, with due regard being given to the proper loading of the vessel and the available tonnage;
(D)
loading and landing of freight; or
(E)
adjustment and settlement of claims;
(5)
for service pursuant to a service contract, engage in any unfair or unjustly discriminatory practice in the matter of rates or charges with respect to any port;
(6)
use a vessel in a particular trade for the purpose of excluding, preventing, or reducing competition by driving another ocean common carrier out of that trade;
(7)
offer or pay any deferred rebates;
(8)
for service pursuant to a tariff, give any undue or unreasonable preference or advantage or impose any undue or unreasonable prejudice or disadvantage;
(9)
for service pursuant to a service contract, give any undue or unreasonable preference or advantage or impose any undue or unreasonable prejudice or disadvantage with respect to any port;
(10)
unreasonably refuse to deal or negotiate;
(11)
knowingly and willfully accept cargo from or transport cargo for the account of a non-vessel-operating common carrier that does not have a tariff as required by section 40501 of this title, or an ocean transportation intermediary that does not have a bond, insurance, or other surety as required by section 40902 of this title;
(12)
knowingly and willfully enter into a service contract with an ocean transportation intermediary that does not have a tariff as required by section 40501 of this title and a bond, insurance, or other surety as required by section 40902 of this title, or with an affiliate of such an ocean transportation intermediary; or
(13)
continue to participate simultaneously in a rate discussion agreement and an agreement to share vessels, in the same trade, if the interplay of the authorities exercised by the specified agreements is likely, by a reduction in competition, to produce an unreasonable reduction in transportation service or an unreasonable increase in transportation cost.
(b) Rule of Construction.—
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, there is no private right of action to enforce the prohibition under subsection (a)(13).
(c) Agreement Violation.—
Participants in an agreement found by the Commission to violate subsection (a)(13) shall have 90 days from the date of such Commission finding to withdraw from the agreement as necessary to comply with that subsection.

Historical and Revision Notes

Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)

41104

46 App.:1709(b) (1)–(12).

Pub. L. 98–237, § 10(b)(1)–(12), Mar. 20, 1984, 98 Stat. 77; Pub. L. 101–595, title VII, § 710(c), Nov. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 2997; Pub. L. 102–251, title II, § 201(b), Mar. 9, 1992, 106 Stat. 60; Pub. L. 105–258, title I, § 109(a), Oct. 14, 1998, 112 Stat. 1909; Pub. L. 105–383, title IV, § 424(b), Nov. 13, 1998, 112 Stat. 3441.

Editorial Notes
Amendments

2018—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–282, § 708(a)(1), designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and inserted heading.

Subsec. (a)(11). Pub. L. 115–282, § 708(a)(2)(A), amended par. (11) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (11) read as follows: “knowingly and willfully accept cargo from or transport cargo for the account of an ocean transportation intermediary that does not have a tariff as required by section 40501 of this title and a bond, insurance, or other surety as required by section 40902 of this title; or”.

Subsec. (a)(13). Pub. L. 115–282, § 708(a)(2)(B), (C), added par. (13).

Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 115–282, § 708(a)(3), added subsecs. (b) and (c).

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Pub. L. 115–282, title VII, § 708(b), Dec. 4, 2018, 132 Stat. 4296, provided that:

Section 41104(a)(13) of title 46, United States Code, as amended, shall apply to any agreement filed or with an effective date before, on, or after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 4, 2018].”