46 U.S. Code § 50302 - Port development

(a) General Requirements.—With the objective of promoting, encouraging, and developing ports and transportation facilities in connection with water commerce over which the Secretary of Transportation has jurisdiction, the Secretary, in cooperation with the Secretary of the Army, shall—
(1)
investigate territorial regions and zones tributary to ports, taking into consideration the economies of transportation by rail, water, and highway and the natural direction of the flow of commerce;
(2)
investigate the causes of congestion of commerce at ports and applicable remedies;
(3)
investigate the subject of water terminals, including the necessary docks, warehouses, and equipment, to devise and suggest the types most appropriate for different locations and for the most expeditious and economical transfer or interchange of passengers or property between water carriers and rail carriers;
(4)
consult with communities on the appropriate location and plan of construction of wharves, piers, and water terminals;
(5)
investigate the practicability and advantages of harbor, river, and port improvements in connection with foreign and coastwise trade; and
(6)
investigate any other matter that may tend to promote and encourage the use by vessels of ports adequate to care for the freight that naturally would pass through those ports.
(b) Submission of Findings to Surface Transportation Board.—
After an investigation under subsection (a), if the Secretary of Transportation believes that the rates or practices of a rail carrier subject to the jurisdiction of the Surface Transportation Board are detrimental to the objective specified in subsection (a), or that new rates or practices, new or additional port terminal facilities, or affirmative action by a rail carrier is necessary to promote that objective, the Secretary may submit findings to the Board for action the Board considers appropriate under existing law.

Historical and Revision Notes

Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)

50302(a)

46 App.:867 (words before proviso).

June 5, 1920, ch. 250, § 8, 41 Stat. 992; Exec. Order No. 6166, June 10, 1933, § 12; June 29, 1936, ch. 858, title II, § 204, title IX, § 904, 49 Stat. 1987, 2016; Pub. L. 97–31, § 12(40), Aug. 6, 1981, 95 Stat. 156; Pub. L. 104–88, § 321(1), Dec. 29, 1995, 109 Stat. 949.

50302(b)

46 App.:867 (proviso).

In subsection (a), before paragraph (1), the words “Secretary of the Army” are substituted for “Secretary of War” in section 8 of the Merchant Marine Act, 1920 (ch. 250, 41 Stat. 992) because of section 205(a) of the National Security Act of 1947 (ch. 343, 61 Stat. 501). See 10 U.S.C. 3011 et seq. In paragraph (3), the words “apparatus” and “appliances” are omitted as unnecessary. In paragraph (4), the words “consult with” are substituted for “advise with” as being more grammatical.

In subsection (b), the words “rates or practices” are substituted for “rates, charges, rules, or regulations” for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the United States Code.

Editorial Notes
Amendments

2021—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 117–81 redesignated subsec. (c) as section 54301(a) of this title.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(A)(i), inserted “or subsection (d)” after “this subsection” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(2)(G). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(A)(ii), inserted “, including the owners or operators of a facility, or collection of facilities at a port” after “private entities”.

Subsec. (c)(5)(A). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(B)(i), inserted “or subsection (d)” after “this subsection”.

Subsec. (c)(5)(B). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(B)(ii), substituted “90” for “60” and inserted “or subsection (d)” after “this subsection”.

Subsec. (c)(6)(C). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(C), struck out subpar. (C). Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The Secretary may waive the cost-benefit analysis under subparagraph (A)(ii), and establish a simplified, alternative basis for determining whether a project is cost effective, for a small project described in paragraph (7)(B).”

Subsec. (c)(7)(B). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(D)(i), substituted “18 percent” for “25 percent” and “subsection (d). The requirement under paragraph (6)(A)(ii) shall not apply to grants made under subsection (d).” for “paragraph (3)(A) that request the lesser of—

“(i) 10 percent of the amounts made available for grants under this subsection for a fiscal year; or

“(ii) $10,000,000.”

Subsec. (c)(7)(C). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(D)(ii), added subpar. (C) and struck out former subpar. (C). Text read as follows: “Not more than 10 percent of the amounts made available for grants under this subsection for a fiscal year may be used to make grants for development phase activities under paragraph (3)(B).”

Subsec. (c)(8)(A). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(E)(i), inserted “or subsection (d)” after “a grant under this subsection” and substituted “the project for which the grant is requested” for “a project under this subsection”.

Subsec. (c)(8)(B)(i). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(E)(ii)(I), substituted “under this subsection or subsection (d)” for “under this subsection”.

Subsec. (c)(8)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(E)(ii)(II), inserted “for which a grant is awarded under subsection (d) or that is” after “project”.

Subsec. (c)(9). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(F), inserted “for grants made under this subsection and subsection (d)” after “procedures” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(10)(A). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(G), inserted “or subsection (d)” after “this subsection” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(11)(A). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(H)(i), substituted “to make grants for port development under this section” for “under this subsection” and “to make grants for port development under this section” for “to carry out this subsection”.

Subsec. (c)(11)(B)(i). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(H)(ii)(I), substituted “to make grants for port development under this section” for “for carrying out this subsection”.

Subsec. (c)(11)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(H)(ii)(II), substituted “for port development under this section” for “under this subsection”, and inserted “or that are returned under paragraph (9)(C)” after “the award” and “Any such amount may only be expended to award a grant under the same subsection of this section under which the original grant was made.” at end.

Subsec. (c)(12). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(I)(i), inserted “and subsection (d)” after “this subsection” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (c)(12)(A) to (D). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(1)(I)(ii), redesignated subpars. (B) to (D) as (A) to (C), respectively, and struck out former subpar. (A) which defined “appropriate committees of Congress”.

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 117–81 redesignated subsec. (d) as section 54301(b) of this title.

Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(3), added subsec. (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 117–81 redesignated subsec. (e) as section 54301(c) of this title.

Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(2), redesignated subsec. (d) as (e).

Subsec. (e)(3). Pub. L. 116–283, § 3504(4), inserted “or subsection (d)” after “subsection (c)” and substituted “to any eligible applicants as described in subsection (c)(2)” for “to port authorities or commissions or their subdivisions and agents”.

2019—Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 116–92 added subsecs. (c) and (d) and struck out former subsec. (c), which established and set out parameters for a port infrastructure development program.

2013—Subsec. (c)(2)(D). Pub. L. 113–66 inserted “and financial assistance, including grants,” after “technical assistance”.

2009—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 111–84 added subsec. (c).

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Savings Clause

Pub. L. 116–92, div. C, title XXXV, § 3514(c), Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1984, provided that:

“A repeal made by subsection (b) of this section [amending this section] shall not affect amounts apportioned or allocated before the effective date of the repeal. Such apportioned or allocated funds shall continue to be subject to the requirements to which the funds were subject under—

“(1)
section 50302(c) of title 46, United States Code, as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of this title [Dec. 20, 2019];
“(2)
section 9008 of the SAFETEA-LU Act (Public Law 109–59; 119 Stat. 1926);
“(3)
section 10205 of the SAFETEA-LU Act (Public Law 109–59; 119 Stat. 1934); and
“(4)
section 3512 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (48 U.S.C. 1421r).”
Strategic Seaports

Pub. L. 113–66, div. C, title XXXV, § 3505(a), Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 1086, provided that:

“(1) In general.—
Under the port infrastructure development program established under [former] section 50302(c) of title 46, United States Code, the Maritime Administrator, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, may give priority to providing funding to strategic seaports in support of national security requirements.
“(2) Strategic seaport defined.—
In this subsection the term ‘strategic seaport’ means a military port or and [sic] commercial port that is subject to a port planning order or Basic Ordering Agreement (or both) that is projected to be used for the deployment of forces and shipment of ammunition or sustainment supplies in support of military operations.”

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