In this section, the word “Federal” is omitted as unnecessary.
In subsection (a), before clause (1), the words “Not later than July 15, 1988” are omitted as obsolete. In clause (3), the words “if the Secretary considers appropriate to carry out the objectives of this title” are omitted as unnecessary.
In subsection (b)(1), the words “taken and” are omitted as unnecessary. The text of 49 App.:2704(b)(3) is omitted as obsolete.
References in Text
The date of enactment of the Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Enhancement Act of 2012, referred to in subsec. (c), is the date of enactment of title II of div. C of Pub. L. 112–141, which was approved July 6, 2012.
2018—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 115–105, § 3(1), substituted “Operators Who Are Members of the Armed Forces, Reservists, or Veterans” for “Veteran Operators” in heading.
Subsec. (d)(1)(B). Pub. L. 115–105, § 3(2), substituted “subparagraph (A)—” for “subparagraph (A) during, at least,”, added cl. (i), and inserted “(ii) during” before “the 1-year period”.
Subsec. (d)(2)(B)(i). Pub. L. 115–105, § 3(3)(A), inserted “current or” before “former”.
Subsec. (d)(2)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 115–105, § 3(3), inserted “current or” before “former” and “one of” before “the reserve components”.
2015—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 114–94 added subsec. (d).
2012—Pub. L. 112–141, § 32304(c), substituted “General driver fitness, testing, and training” for “General driver fitness and testing” in section catchline.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 112–141, § 32304(a), added subsec. (c).
2001—Subsec. (a)(5)(C). Pub. L. 107–56 added subpar. (C).
1999—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 106–159 struck out “to operate the vehicle” after “written and driving tests” and inserted “to operate the vehicle and has a commercial driver’s license to operate the vehicle” before period at end.
Report on Commercial Driver’s License Skills Test Delays
Pub. L. 114–94, div. A, title V, § 5506, Dec. 4, 2015, 129 Stat. 1553, provided that:
“Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 4, 2015], and each year thereafter, the Administrator of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report that—
“(1) describes, for each State, the status of skills testing for applicants for a commercial driver’s license, including—
the average wait time from the date an applicant requests to take a skills test to the date the applicant has the opportunity to complete such test;
the average wait time from the date an applicant, upon failure of a skills test, requests a retest to the date the applicant has the opportunity to complete such retest;
the number of testing sites available through the State
department of motor vehicles
and whether this number has increased or decreased from the previous year; and
describes specific steps that the Administrator is taking to address skills testing delays in States
that have average skills test or retest wait times of more than 7 days from the date an applicant requests to test or retest to the date the applicant has the opportunity to complete such test or retest.”
Hazardous Materials Endorsement Exemption
Pub. L. 114–94, div. A, title VII, § 7208, Dec. 4, 2015, 129 Stat. 1593, provided that:
“The Secretary [of Transportation] shall allow a State, at the discretion of the State, to waive the requirement for a holder of a Class A commercial driver’s license to obtain a hazardous materials endorsement under part 383 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, if the license holder—
is acting within the scope of the license holder’s employment as an employee
of a custom harvester operation, agrichemical business, farm retail outlet and supplier, or livestock feeder; and
“(2) is operating a service vehicle that is—
transporting diesel in a quantity of 3,785 liters (1,000 gallons) or less; and
clearly marked with a ‘flammable’ or ‘combustible’ placard, as appropriate.”
Commercial Motor Vehicle Operator Requirements Relating to Sleep Disorders
Pub. L. 113–45, § 1, Oct. 15, 2013, 127 Stat. 557, provided that:
The Secretary of Transportation may implement or enforce a requirement providing for the screening
, testing, or treatment (including consideration of all possible treatment alternatives) of individuals operating commercial motor vehicles
for sleep disorders only if the requirement is adopted pursuant to a rulemaking proceeding.
Subsection (a) shall not apply to a requirement that was in force before September 1, 2013.
“(c)Sleep Disorders Defined.—
In this section, the term ‘sleep disorders’ includes obstructive sleep apnea.”
Operation of Commercial Motor Vehicles by Individuals Who Use Insulin To Treat Diabetes Mellitus
Pub. L. 109–59, title IV, § 4129, Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1742, provided that:
“(a)Revision of Final Rule.—
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 10, 2005
], the Secretary [of Transportation] shall begin revising the final rule published in the Federal Register on September 3, 2003
, relating to persons
with diabetes, to allow individuals who use insulin to treat their diabetes to operate commercial motor vehicles
in interstate commerce.
The revised final rule shall provide for the individual assessment
of applicants who use insulin to treat their diabetes and who are, except for their use of insulin, otherwise qualified under the Federal motor carrier
safety regulations. The revised final rule shall be consistent with the criteria described in section 4018 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century
[Pub. L. 105–178
] (49 U.S.C. 31305
note) and shall conclude the rulemaking process in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
docket relating to qualifications of drivers with diabetes.
“(b)No Period of Commercial Driving While Using Insulin Required for Qualification.—
After the earlier of the date of issuance of the revised final rule under subsection (a) or the 90th day following the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 10, 2005
], the Secretary may not require individuals with insulin-treated diabetes mellitus who are applying for an exemption from the physical qualification standards to have experience operating commercial motor vehicles
while using insulin in order to be exempted from the physical qualification standards to operate a commercial motor vehicle
in interstate commerce.
“(c)Minimum Period of Insulin Use.—
Subject to subsection (b), the Secretary shall require individuals with insulin-treated diabetes mellitus to have a minimum period of insulin use to demonstrate stable control of diabetes before operating a commercial motor vehicle
in interstate commerce.
Such demonstration shall be consistent with the findings reported in July 2000, by the expert medical panel established by the Secretary, in ‘A Report to Congress
on the Feasibility of a Program to Qualify Individuals with Insulin-Treated Diabetes Mellitus to Operate Commercial Motor Vehicles
in Interstate Commerce
as Directed by the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century
’. For individuals who have been newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, the minimum period of insulin use may not exceed 2 months, unless directed by the treating physician. For individuals who have type 2 diabetes and are converting to insulin use, the minimum period of insulin use may not exceed 1 month, unless directed by the treating physician.
Insulin-treated individuals may not be held by the Secretary to a higher standard of physical qualification in order to operate a commercial motor vehicle
in interstate commerce
than other individuals applying to operate, or operating, a commercial motor vehicle
in interstate commerce;
except to the extent that limited operating, monitoring, and medical requirements are deemed medically necessary under regulations issued by the Secretary.”
CDL School Bus Endorsement
Pub. L. 106–159, title II, § 214, Dec. 9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1766, provided that:
“The Secretary shall conduct a rulemaking to establish a special commercial driver’s license endorsement for drivers of school buses. The endorsement shall, at a minimum—
include a driving skills test in a school bus; and
“(2) address proper safety procedures for—
loading and unloading children;
using emergency exits; and
traversing highway rail grade crossings.”
Insulin Treated Diabetes Mellitus
Pub. L. 105–178, title IV, § 4018, June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 413, provided that:
Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act [June 9, 1998
], the Secretary [of Transportation] shall determine whether a practicable and cost-effective screening,
operating, and monitoring protocol could likely be developed for insulin treated diabetes mellitus individuals who want to operate commercial motor vehicles
in interstate commerce
that would ensure a level of safety equal to or greater than that achieved with the current prohibition on individuals with insulin treated diabetes mellitus driving such vehicles.
“(b)Compilation and Evaluation.—Prior to making the determination in subsection (a), the Secretary shall compile and evaluate research and other information on the effects of insulin treated diabetes mellitus on driving performance. In preparing the compilation and evaluation, the Secretary shall, at a minimum—
evaluate the Department’s policy and actions to permit certain insulin treated diabetes mellitus individuals who meet selection criteria and who successfully comply with the approved monitoring protocol to operate in other modes of transportation;
analyze available data on the safety performance of diabetic drivers of motor vehicles
assess the relevance of intrastate driving and experiences of other modes of transportation to interstate commercial motor vehicle
consult with interested groups knowledgeable about diabetes and related issues.
“(c)Report to .—
If the Secretary determines that no protocol described in subsection (a) could likely be developed, the Secretary shall report to Congress the basis for such determination.
“(d)Initiation of Rulemaking.—
If the Secretary determines that a protocol described in subsection (a) could likely be developed, the Secretary shall report to Congress a description of the elements of such protocol and shall promptly initiate a rulemaking proceeding to implement such protocol.”
Performance-Based CDL Testing
Pub. L. 105–178, title IV, § 4019, June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 414, provided that:
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act [June 9, 1998
], the Secretary [of Transportation] shall complete a review of the procedures established and implemented by States
under section 31305 of title 49
, United States
Code, to determine if the current system for testing is an accurate measure and reflection of an individual’s knowledge and skills as an operator of a commercial motor vehicle
and to identify methods to improve testing and licensing standards, including identifying the benefits and costs of a graduated licensing system.
Pub. L. 105–178, title IV, § 4021, June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 414, provided that:
“(a) Technologies To Reduce Fatigue of Commercial Motor Vehicle Operators.—
“(1)Development of technologies.—
As part of the activities of the Secretary [of Transportation] relating to the fatigue of commercial motor vehicle
operators, the Secretary shall encourage the research, development, and demonstration of technologies that may aid in reducing such fatigue.
“(2)Matters to be taken into account.—In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary shall take into account—
the degree to which the technology will be cost efficient;
the degree to which the technology can be effectively used in diverse climatic regions
of the Nation; and
the degree to which the application of the technology will further emissions reductions, energy conservation, and other transportation goals.
The Secretary may use amounts made available under section 5001(a)(2) of this Act [112 Stat. 419
The Secretary shall review available information on the effects of medications (including antihistamines) on driver fatigue, awareness, and performance and shall consider encouraging, if appropriate, the use of nonsedating medications (including nonsedating antihistamines) as a means of reducing the adverse effects of the use of other medications by drivers.”