50 U.S. Code § 3073a - Requirements for certain employment activities by former intelligence officers and employees

(a) Temporary restriction
(1) Covered post-service position

Except as provided by paragraph (2), an employee of an element of the intelligence community who occupies a covered intelligence position may not occupy a covered post-service position during the 30-month period following the date on which the employee ceases to occupy a covered intelligence position.

(2) Waiver
(A) AuthorityOn a case-by-case basis, the Director of National Intelligence may temporarily waive the restriction in paragraph (1) with respect to an employee or former employee who is subject to that restriction if—
(i)
the employee or former employee submits to the Director a written application for such waiver in such form and manner as the Director determines appropriate; and
(ii)
the Director determines that such waiver is necessary to advance the national security interests of the United States.
(B) Period of waiver

A waiver issued under subparagraph (A) shall apply for a period not exceeding 5 years. The Director may renew such a waiver.

(C) Revocation

The Director may revoke a waiver issued under subparagraph (A) to an employee or former employee, effective on the date that is 60 days after the date on which the Director provides the employee or former employee written notice of such revocation.

(D) Tolling

The 30-month restriction in paragraph (1) shall be tolled for an employee or former employee during the period beginning on the date on which a waiver is issued under subparagraph (A) and ending on the date on which the waiver expires or on the effective date of a revocation under subparagraph (C), as the case may be.

(E) NotificationNot later than 30 days after the date on which the Director issues a waiver under subparagraph (A) or a revocation of a waiver under subparagraph (C), the Director shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees written notification of the waiver or revocation, as the case may be. Such notification shall include the following:
(i) With respect to a waiver issued to an employee or former employee
(I)
the details of the application, including the covered intelligence position held or formerly held by the employee or former employee;
(II)
the nature of the activities of the employee or former employee after ceasing to occupy a covered intelligence position;
(III)
a description of the national security interests that will be advanced by reason of issuing such waiver; and
(IV)
the specific reasons why the Director determines that issuing such waiver will advance such interests.
(ii) With respect to a revocation of a waiver issued to an employee or former employee
(I)
the details of the waiver, including any renewals of such waiver, and the dates of such waiver and renewals; and
(II)
the specific reasons why the Director determined that such revocation is warranted.
(b) Covered post-service employment reporting
(1) RequirementDuring the period described in paragraph (2), an employee who ceases to occupy a covered intelligence position shall—
(A)
report covered post-service employment to the head of the element of the intelligence community that employed such employee in such covered intelligence position upon accepting such covered post-service employment; and
(B)
annually (or more frequently if the head of such element considers it appropriate) report covered post-service employment to the head of such element.
(2) Period describedThe period described in this paragraph is the period beginning on the date on which an employee ceases to occupy a covered intelligence position and ending on the date that is—
(A)
5 years after the employee ceases to occupy such position, plus
(B)
the number of months for which the employee is issued a waiver under subsection (a)(2).
(3) Regulations

The head of each element of the intelligence community shall issue regulations requiring, as a condition of employment, each employee of such element occupying a covered intelligence position to sign a written agreement requiring the regular reporting of covered post-service employment to the head of such element pursuant to paragraph (1).

(c) Penalties
(1) Criminal penalties

A former employee who knowingly and willfully violates subsection (a) or who knowingly and willfully fails to make a required report under subsection (b) shall be fined under title 18 or imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or both. Each report under subsection (b) shall be subject to section 1001 of title 18.

(2) Security clearances

The head of an element of the intelligence community shall revoke the security clearance of a former employee if the former employee knowingly and willfully fails to make a required report under subsection (b) or knowingly and willfully makes a false report under such subsection.

(d) Provision of information
(1) Training

The head of each element of the intelligence community shall regularly provide training on the reporting requirements under subsection (b) to employees of that element who occupy a covered intelligence position.

(2) Written notice

The head of each element of the intelligence community shall provide written notice of the reporting requirements under subsection (b) to an employee when the employee ceases to occupy a covered intelligence position.

(e) Annual reports
(1) Requirement

Not later than March 31 of each year, the Director of National Intelligence shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees a report on covered post-service employment occurring during the year covered by the report.

(2) ElementsEach report under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
(A) The number of former employees who occupy a covered post-service position, broken down by—
(i)
the name of the employer;
(ii)
the foreign government, including by the specific foreign individual, agency, or entity, for whom the covered post-service employment is being performed; and
(iii)
the nature of the services provided as part of the covered post-service employment.
(B) A certification by the Director that—
(i)
each element of the intelligence community maintains adequate systems and processes for ensuring that former employees are submitting reports required under subsection (b);
(ii)
to the knowledge of the heads of the elements of the intelligence community, all former employees who occupy a covered post-service position are in compliance with this section;
(iii) the services provided by former employees who occupy a covered post-service position do not—
(I)
pose a current or future threat to the national security of the United States; or
(II)
pose a counterintelligence risk; and
(iv)
the Director and the heads of such elements are not aware of any credible information or reporting that any former employee who occupies a covered post-service position has engaged in activities that violate Federal law, infringe upon the privacy rights of United States persons, or constitute abuses of human rights.
(3) Form

Each report under paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

(f) NotificationIn addition to the annual reports under subsection (e), if a head of an element of the intelligence community determines that the services provided by a former employee who occupies a covered post-service position pose a threat or risk described in clause (iii) of paragraph (2)(B) of such subsection, or include activities described in clause (iv) of such paragraph, the head shall notify the congressional intelligence committees of such determination by not later than 7 days after making such determination. The notification shall include the following:
(1)
The name of the former employee.
(2)
The name of the employer.
(3)
The foreign government, including the specific foreign individual, agency, or entity, for whom the covered post-service employment is being performed.
(4) As applicable, a description of—
(A)
the risk to national security, the counterintelligence risk, or both; and
(B)
the activities that may violate Federal law, infringe upon the privacy rights of United States persons, or constitute abuses of human rights.
(g) DefinitionsIn this section:
(1) Covered intelligence position

The term “covered intelligence position” means a position within an element of the intelligence community that, based on the level of access of a person occupying such position to information regarding sensitive intelligence sources or methods or other exceptionally sensitive matters, the head of such element determines should be subject to the requirements of this section.

(2) Covered post-service employment

The term “covered post-service employment” means direct or indirect employment by, representation of, or any provision of advice or services relating to national security, intelligence, the military, or internal security to, the government of a foreign country or any company, entity, or other person whose activities are directly or indirectly supervised, directed, controlled, financed, or subsidized, in whole or in major part, by any government of a foreign country.

(3) Covered post-service position

The term “covered post-service position” means a position of employment described in paragraph (2).

(4) Employee

The term “employee”, with respect to an employee occupying a covered intelligence position, includes an officer or official of an element of the intelligence community, a contractor of such an element, a detailee to such an element, or a member of the Armed Forces assigned to such an element.

(5) Former employeeThe term “former employee” means an individual—
(A)
who was an employee occupying a covered intelligence position; and
(B)
who is subject to the requirements under subsection (a) or (b).
(6) Government of a foreign country

The term “government of a foreign country” has the meaning given the term in section 611(e) of title 22.

(July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title III, § 304, as added Pub. L. 113–293, title III, § 305(a), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3995; amended Pub. L. 117–103, div. X, title III, § 308(a)(1), Mar. 15, 2022, 136 Stat. 966.)
Editorial Notes
Prior Provisions

A prior section 304 of act July 26, 1947, ch. 343, title III, 61 Stat. 508, was classified to section 171k of former Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–554, § 8(a), Sept. 6, 1966, 80 Stat. 632.

Amendments

2022—Pub. L. 117–103 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section related to reporting of certain employment activities by former intelligence officers and employees.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2022 Amendment

Pub. L. 117–103, div. X, title III, § 308(a)(2), Mar. 15, 2022, 136 Stat. 970, provided that:

“Such section 304 [50 U.S.C. 3073a], as amended by paragraph (1), shall apply with respect to employees who occupy covered intelligence positions (as defined in such section) on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Mar. 15, 2022].”
Revised Regulations

Pub. L. 117–103, div. X, title III, § 308(a)(3), Mar. 15, 2022, 136 Stat. 970, provided that:

“(A) Submission.—
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Mar. 15, 2022], the head of each element of the intelligence community shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees new or updated regulations issued under such section 304 [50 U.S.C. 3073a], as amended by paragraph (1).
“(B) Certification.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees
“(i)
a written certification for each head of an element of the intelligence community who has issued the updated regulations under such section 304, as amended by paragraph (1); and
“(ii)
for each head of an element of the intelligence community who has not issued such updated regulations, an explanation for the failure to issue such updated regulations.”

[For definitions of “congressional intelligence committees” and “intelligence community” as used in section 308(a)(3) of div. X of Pub. L. 117–103, set out above, see section 2 of div. X of Pub. L. 117–103, set out as a note under section 3003 of this title.]

Regulations and Certification

Pub. L. 113–293, title III, § 305(b), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3996, provided that:

“(1) Regulations.—
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 19, 2014], the head of each element of the intelligence community shall issue the regulations required under section 304 of the National Security Act of 1947 [50 U.S.C. 3073a], as added by subsection (a) of this section.
“(2) Certification.—Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence shall submit to the congressional intelligence committees
“(A)
a certification that each head of an element of the intelligence community has prescribed the regulations required under section 304 of the National Security Act of 1947, as added by subsection (a) of this section; or
“(B)
if the Director is unable to submit the certification described under subparagraph (A), an explanation as to why the Director is unable to submit such certification, including a designation of which heads of an element of the intelligence community have prescribed the regulations required under such section 304 and which have not.”

[For definitions of terms used in section 305(b) of Pub. L. 113–293, set out above, see section 2 of Pub. L. 113–293, set out as a note under section 3003 of this title.]

Initial Report

Pub. L. 117–103, div. X, title III, § 308(a)(4), Mar. 15, 2022, 136 Stat. 970, provided that:

“In the first report submitted by the Director of National Intelligence under subsection (e) of such section 304 [50 U.S.C. 3073a(e)], as amended by paragraph (1), the Director shall include an assessment of the licensing requirements under the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2751 et seq.) and recommendations with respect to strengthening the activities regulated under such section 304.”

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