7 U.S. Code § 2000 - Homestead protection
At the end of the period of occupancy described in subsection (c), the Secretary or the Administrator shall grant to the borrower-owner a first right of refusal to reacquire the homestead property on such terms and conditions (which may include payment of principal in installments) as the Secretary or the Administrator shall determine. Such terms and conditions shall not be less favorable than those intended to be offered to any other buyer.
At the time any reacquisition agreement is entered into, the Secretary or the Administrator may not demand a total payment of principal that is in excess of the value of the homestead property as established under subsection (b)(2).
The Secretary may enter into contracts authorized by this section before the Secretary acquires title to the homestead property.
In the event of any conflict between this section and any provision of the law of any State relating to the right of a borrower-owner to designate for separate sale or redeem part or all of the real property securing a loan foreclosed on by the lender thereof, such provision of State law shall prevail.
 So in original. Probably should be “subchapter”.
 See References in Text note below.
The Small Business Act, referred to in subsecs. (a)(3) and (b)(1)(B), is Pub. L. 85–536, § 2(1 et seq.), July 18, 1958, 72 Stat. 384, which is classified generally to chapter 14A (§ 631 et seq.) of Title 15, Commerce and Trade. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 631 of Title 15 and Tables.
For definition of “this chapter”, referred to in subsecs. (b)(1)(A) and (c)(6), see note set out under section 1921 of this title.
2008—Subsec. (c)(4)(B). Pub. L. 110–246, § 5305, substituted “period of occupancy of a borrower-owner who is a socially disadvantaged farmer or rancher (as defined in section 2003(e)(2) of this title), the borrower-owner or a member of the immediate family of the borrower-owner” for “period of occupancy, the borrower-owner” and inserted “or immediate family member, as the case may be,” after “selected by the borrower-owner”.
1996—Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 104–127, § 644(1), substituted “30” for “90” in two places.
Subsec. (c)(6). Pub. L. 104–127, § 644(2), substituted “Not later than the date of acquisition of the property securing a loan made under this chapter (or, in the case of real property in inventory on April 4, 1996, not later than 5 days after April 4, 1996),” for “Within 30 days of the acquisition of the homestead property securing a loan made or insured under this chapter,” and struck out at end “For property in inventory on January 6, 1988, the Secretary shall make a good faith effort to notify the borrower-owner of the availability of homestead protection rights under this section within 60 days after January 6, 1988.”
1992—Subsec. (a)(4), (5). Pub. L. 102–552, § 516(i), redesignated par. (4), defining “Secretary”, as (5).
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 102–552, § 516(j)(1), substituted “borrower-owner’s” for “borrower’s”.
1991—Subsec. (a)(2) to (4). Pub. L. 102–237, § 501(g), added par. (2), redesignated former pars. (2) and (3) as (3) and (4), respectively, and substituted “borrower-owner” for “borrower” in redesignated par. (4).
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 102–237, § 501(g)(2), substituted “borrower-owner” for “borrower” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 102–237, § 701(h)(2), struck out “be” after “shall”.
Subsecs. (c), (d), (g). Pub. L. 102–237, § 501(g)(2), substituted “borrower-owner” for “borrower” wherever appearing.
1988—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 100–233, § 614(1), inserted “, including a reasonable number of farm outbuildings located on the adjoining land that are useful to the occupants of the homestead, and no more than 10 acres of adjoining land that is used to maintain the family of the individual”.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 100–233, § 614(2), added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: “If the Secretary forecloses a loan made or insured under this chapter, the Administrator forecloses a farm program loan made under the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 631 et seq.), or a borrower of a loan made or insured by either agency declares bankruptcy or goes into voluntary liquidation to avoid foreclosure or bankruptcy, the Secretary or Administrator may upon application by the borrower, permit the borrower to retain possession and occupancy of any principal residence of the borrower, and a reasonable amount of adjoining land for the purpose of family maintenance.”
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100–233, § 614(3), completely revised and restated subsec. (c), substituting pars. (1) to (6) for former pars. (1) to (8).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–233, § 614(3), inserted at end “Such terms and conditions shall not be less favorable than those intended to be offered to any other buyer.”
Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 100–233, § 614(4), added subsecs. (f) and (g).
Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 104–127 effective Apr. 4, 1996, but not applicable with respect to complete application to acquire inventory property submitted prior to Apr. 4, 1996, see section 663(a), (c) of Pub. L. 104–127, set out as a note under section 1922 of this title.
Amendment by section 701(h)(2) of Pub. L. 102–237 to any provision specified therein effective as if included in act that added provision so specified at the time such act became law, see section 1101(c) of Pub. L. 102–237, set out as a note under section 1421 of this title.
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