7 U.S. Code § 7702 - Definitions

§ 7702.
Definitions
In this chapter:
(1) Article

The term “article” means any material or tangible object that could harbor plant pests or noxious weeds.

(2) Biological control organism

The term “biological control organism” means any enemy, antagonist, or competitor used to control a plant pest or noxious weed.

(3) Enter and entry

The terms “enter” and “entry” mean to move into, or the act of movement into, the commerce of the United States.

(4) Export and exportation

The terms “export” and “exportation” mean to move from, or the act of movement from, the United States to any place outside the United States.

(5) Import and importation

The terms “import” and “importation” mean to move into, or the act of movement into, the territorial limits of the United States.

(6) InterstateThe term “interstate” means—
(A)
from one State into or through any other State; or
(B)
within the District of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, or any other territory or possession of the United States.
(7) Interstate commerceThe term “interstate commerce” means trade, traffic, or other commerce—
(A)
between a place in a State and a point in another State, or between points within the same State but through any place outside that State; or
(B)
within the District of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, or any other territory or possession of the United States.
(8) Means of conveyance

The term “means of conveyance” means any personal property used for or intended for use for the movement of any other personal property.

(9) Move and related termsThe terms “move”, “moving”, and “movement” mean—
(A)
to carry, enter, import, mail, ship, or transport;
(B)
to aid, abet, cause, or induce the carrying, entering, importing, mailing, shipping, or transporting;
(C)
to offer to carry, enter, import, mail, ship, or transport;
(D)
to receive to carry, enter, import, mail, ship, or transport;
(E)
to release into the environment; or
(F)
to allow any of the activities described in a preceding subparagraph.
(10) Noxious weed

The term “noxious weed” means any plant or plant product that can directly or indirectly injure or cause damage to crops (including nursery stock or plant products), livestock, poultry, or other interests of agriculture, irrigation, navigation, the natural resources of the United States, the public health, or the environment.

(11) Permit

The term “permit” means a written or oral authorization, including by electronic methods, by the Secretary to move plants, plant products, biological control organisms, plant pests, noxious weeds, or articles under conditions prescribed by the Secretary.

(12) Person

The term “person” means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, joint venture, or other legal entity.

(13) Plant

The term “plant” means any plant (including any plant part) for or capable of propagation, including a tree, a tissue culture, a plantlet culture, pollen, a shrub, a vine, a cutting, a graft, a scion, a bud, a bulb, a root, and a seed.

(14) Plant pestThe term “plant pest” means any living stage of any of the following that can directly or indirectly injure, cause damage to, or cause disease in any plant or plant product:
(A)
A protozoan.
(B)
A nonhuman animal.
(C)
A parasitic plant.
(D)
A bacterium.
(E)
A fungus.
(F)
A virus or viroid.
(G)
An infectious agent or other pathogen.
(H)
Any article similar to or allied with any of the articles specified in the preceding subparagraphs.
(15) Plant productThe term “plant product” means—
(A)
any flower, fruit, vegetable, root, bulb, seed, or other plant part that is not included in the definition of plant; or
(B)
any manufactured or processed plant or plant part.
(16) Secretary

The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Agriculture.

(17) State

The term “State” means any of the several States of the United States, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, Guam, the Virgin Islands of the United States, or any other territory or possession of the United States.

(18) Systems approach

For the purposes of section 7712(e) of this title, the term “systems approach” means a defined set of phytosanitary procedures, at least two of which have an independent effect in mitigating pest risk associated with the movement of commodities.

(19) This chapter

Except when used in this section, the term “this chapter” includes any regulation or order issued by the Secretary under the authority of this chapter.

(20) United States

The term “United States” means all of the States.

References in Text

This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original “this title”, meaning title IV of Pub. L. 106–224, June 20, 2000, 114 Stat. 438, known as the Plant Protection Act, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of title IV to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 7701 of this title and Tables.

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


7 CFR - Agriculture

7 CFR Part 300 - INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

7 CFR Part 301 - DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES

7 CFR Part 302 - DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA; MOVEMENT OF PLANTS AND PLANT PRODUCTS

7 CFR Part 305 - PHYTOSANITARY TREATMENTS

7 CFR Part 318 - STATE OF HAWAII AND TERRITORIES QUARANTINE NOTICES

7 CFR Part 319 - FOREIGN QUARANTINE NOTICES

7 CFR Part 322 - BEES, BEEKEEPING BYPRODUCTS, AND BEEKEEPING EQUIPMENT

7 CFR Part 330 - FEDERAL PLANT PEST REGULATIONS; GENERAL; PLANT PESTS; SOIL, STONE, AND QUARRY PRODUCTS; GARBAGE

7 CFR Part 340 - INTRODUCTION OF ORGANISMS AND PRODUCTS ALTERED OR PRODUCED THROUGH GENETIC ENGINEERING WHICH ARE PLANT PESTS OR WHICH THERE IS REASON TO BELIEVE ARE PLANT PESTS

7 CFR Part 351 - IMPORTATION OF PLANTS OR PLANT PRODUCTS BY MAIL

7 CFR Part 352 - PLANT QUARANTINE SAFEGUARD REGULATIONS

7 CFR Part 353 - EXPORT CERTIFICATION

7 CFR Part 354 - OVERTIME SERVICES RELATING TO IMPORTS AND EXPORTS; AND USER FEES

7 CFR Part 360 - NOXIOUS WEED REGULATIONS

7 CFR Part 380 - RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING PROCEEDINGS UNDER CERTAIN ACTS

9 CFR - Animals and Animal Products

9 CFR Part 94 - RINDERPEST, FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE, NEWCASTLE DISEASE, HIGHLY PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA, AFRICAN SWINE FEVER, CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER, SWINE VESICULAR...AND BOVINE SPONGIFORM ENCEPHALOPATHY: PROHIBITED AND RESTRICTED IMPORTATIONS

 

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