business sectors

Admiralty

Admiralty: An Overview

Admiralty law or maritime law is the distinct body of law (both substantive and procedural) governing navigation and shipping. Topics associated with this field in legal reference works may include: shipping; navigation; waters;...

Agriculture

Agriculture: An Overview

Agriculture includes soil preparation, seed planting, crop harvesting, gardening, horticulture, viticulture, apiculture (bee-raising), dairying, poultry, and ranching. Generally, laws grouped under the heading "agricultural law...

Alcohol

Alcohol, Tobacco, and Controlled Substances: An Overview

Health and other public concerns have generated detailed Federal and state regulation of the sale and possession of alcoholic beverages, tobacco products, and a wide range of other "controlled...

Alcoholic beverages - State statutes

Alabama- Title 28 Alaska- Title 4 Arizona- Title 4 Arkansas- Title 3 California (see Division 10) Colorado- Article 12, Title 47 (searchable index) Connecticut- Title 30 Delaware- Title 4 District of Columbia- Title 25 Florida- Title 34 Georgia- Title 3...

Aviation

Aviation: An Overview

Aviation law governs the operation of aircraft and the maintenance of aviation facilities. Both federal and state governments have enacted statutes and created administrative agencies to regulate air traffic.

Using its...

Banking

banking: an overview

Banks and bank accounts are regulated by both state and federal statutes. Bank accounts may be established by national and state chartered banks and savings associations. All are regulated by the law under which they were...

Code of Federal Regulations

Definition

(CFR) The codification of federal regulations established by 44 U.S.C. § 1510.

Overview

Congress delegates the authority to regulate certain activities to administrative agencies, which apply specialized knowledge to the...

Communications

communications law: an overview

Communications law is concerned with the regulation of radio and TV broadcasting to ensure satisfactory service and to prevent chaos. The federal government has largely governed broadcasting because by its nature ...

Energy

Energy Law: An Overview

For most of American history, the federal government did not play an active role in the energy industries. (This history is often explained by the widespread belief in the unlimited supply of energy). During the Great Depression...

Fishing and hunting - State statutes

Alabama- Title 9, Chapter 11 Alaska- Title 16 Arizona- Title 17 Arkansas (see Title 15, Subtitle 4) California Colorado (see Title 33, Articles 1 through 8) Connecticut- Title 26 Delaware- Title 7, see Chapters 1, 7, and 13 Florida (see...

Food and Drug Law

Food And Drug Law: An Overview

Food production has been regulated in the United States since the mid–1800s. But it was not until 1906, when both the Food and Drug Act (21 U.S.C. 1 et seq.) and the Meat Inspection Act (21 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) were enacted...

Health - State statutes

Alabama (see Title 22) Alaska- Title 18 Arizona- Title 36 Arkansas (see Title 20) California Colorado (searchable index, see Title 25) Connecticut- Title 19 Delaware- Title 16 District of Columbia (see Title 6) Florida (see Title XI)...

Hotels and Restaurants

Hotel and Restaurant Law: An Overview

During the middle ages in England, laws pertaining to inns and taverns favored guests. The most cited reason for such stringent laws was that innkeepers often colluded with robbers and in many instances helped to...

Issuer

The term “issuer” means every person who issues or proposes to issue any security; except that with respect to certificates of deposit, voting-trust certificates, or collateral-trust certificates, or with respect to certificates of interest or shares...

Labor

labor law: an overview

The goal of labor laws is to equalize the bargaining power between employers and employees. The laws primarily deal with the relationship between employers and unions. Labor laws grant employees the right to unionize and allows...

Landlord-Tenant Law

Overview

Landlord-tenant law governs the rental of commercial and residential property. It is composed primarily of state statutes and common law. A number of states have based their statutory law on either the Uniform Residential Landlord And Tenant...

Media

Media Law: Overview

Freedom of the press is a fundamental liberty guaranteed by the First Amendment of the Constitution. As such, courts and legislative bodies have been hesitant to infringe upon the freedom of press. In fact, there are numerous...

Motor vehicles - State statutes

Alabama (see Title 32) Alaska- Title 28 Arizona- Title 28 Arkansas (see Title 27, Subtitles 1-4) California Colorado (searchable index - Title 42) Connecticut- Tite 14 Delaware - Title 21 District of Columbia (see Title 40) Florida (see...

Natural resources

natural resources law: an overview

Natural resources, as defined in the Code of Federal Regulations (40 C.F.R.), encompass land, fish, wildlife, biota, air, water, ground water, drinking water supplies, and other such resources belonging to, managed by...

Navigation - State statutes

Alabama (see Title 33) Alaska- Title 30 Arizona (see Title 5, Chapter 3) Arkansas (see Title 27, Subtitle 7) California Connecticut- Title 15 Delaware - Title 23 Florida (see Titles XXII and XXIV) Georgia (searchable index - Title 52)...

Poison pill

Definition

A corporation’s defensive strategy against a hostile takeover bid in which current shareholders other than the tender-offer bidder or prospective bidder, upon a triggering event, have the right to purchase additional corporate stocks at a...

Public utilities

Public utilities are private companies that provide essential public commodities, such as water, electricity, and transportation, and are subject to government regulations.

See

Energy lawNatural resourcesHighways and motor...

Securities Act of 1933

 

The Securities Act was Congress's opening shot in the war on securities fraud. Congress primarily targeted the issuers of securities. Companies which issue securities (called issuers) seek to raise money to fund...

Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

 

Overview

The Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 ("1934 Act," or "Exchange Act") primarily regulates transactions of securities in the secondary market. As such, the 1934 Act typically governs...

Securities law history

Why Regulate Securities?

The development of federal securities law was spurred by the stock market crash of 1929, and the resulting Great Depression.  In the period leading up to the stock market crash, companies issued stock and...

Security

1.  Property that is given or pledged to guarantee the performance of an obligation.  See, e.g., Bail.

2.  An instrument that functions as proof of a security interest in a public or private body.  Share and bond certificates...

Sports law

sports law: an overview

Sports Law encompasses a multitude areas of law brought together in unique ways. Issues such as antitrust, contracts, and torts are quite common. For further information in these areas see:

AntitrustContractsTort

Sports Law...

swindle

Definition

To cheat a person out of money or property through fraud or deceit.

Utilities and transportation - State statutes

Alabama (see Title 37) Alaska- Title 42 Arizona- Title 40 Arkansas (see Titles 23 and 27) California - Public Utilities Code
Colorado (searchable index - Title 40) Connecticut- Title 13B Delaware (see...

Yield

Definition

1)  To give something up or surrender control, especially when required by law.

2)  To bring forth a result, as when a search yields criminal evidence or an investment yields a profit.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g...