employment

Mixed-Motive Instruction

Courts use mixed-motive jury instructions in many discrimination and improper retaliation cases. These instructions usually take the following form: "If the plaintiff shows that the defendant did something that hurt her, and the action was motivated by...

Moonlighting

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryHolding more than one job at a time. Moonlighting refers to working two jobs at the same time or to working for one employer while on leave from another.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law...

Muller v. Oregon (1908)

Muller v. Oregon (1908) is a U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court considered whether a state could limit the amount of hours a woman could work while not also limiting the hours of men. In this case, Curt Muller owned a laundry business. On...

National Labor Relations Act (NLRA)

National Labor Relations Act: an overview

The focus of the traditional law of unions, which makes up the major part of the area of law known as labor law, is on workers collectively and their rights as a group. This may be distinguished from...

National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)

The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government, created by the U.S. Congress in 1935 to enforce labor law, as defined by the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) (codified at 29 U.S.C. §§ 151-169). The...

nonexempt employee

Non-exempt employees are guaranteed an hourly wage and overtime pay under The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). They must earn at least the federal or state minimum wage for every hour worked and overtime pay for any amount of time exceeding 40 hours (...

occupation

An occupation is the work that a person does to earn a living. This can describe both long-term careers or more temporary jobs. Occupation can also refer to the state of living or residing on a piece of property. The term is commonly used in this...

Occupational disease

A disease that an employee develops as the result of exposure to particular substances, working conditions, or employment requirements. Individuals who contract occupational diseases may be entitled to compensation under state...

occupational hazard

Occupational hazards are risks associated with working in specific occupations. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) describes five categories of occupational hazards: physical safety hazards, chemical hazards, biological hazards,...

Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)

A federal act passed in 1970 to ensure a minimum level of safety in working conditions. The act is codified in 29 U.S.C. §§ 651–678. The Act may also be referred to as the Williams-Steiger Occupational Safety and Health Act of...

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