land use & zoning law

Federal Land Policy and Management Act

Passed in 1976, it provides a framework for the management of federal public lands. The Act recognized the value of the public lands and stated that they should be managed in perpetuity for the benefit of the American people on the basis of sustained yield and multiple use ("utilized in the combination that will best meet the present and future needs of the American people").

view ordinance

A local law designed to protect property owners who have desirable (and valuable) views. Typically, these ordinances allow property owners to insist on the trimming of trees that have grown and now block the view, so that the original view is restored, The property owner must pay for the trimming. View ordinances generally don't cover buildings or other structures that block views.

Vertical privity

Definition

1) In business law, the relationship between companies in a distribution chain. For example, a manufacturer and a distributor are in vertical privity. Those in vertical privity are jointly liable for product defects in the vertical chain.

2) The relationship between a party to a restrictive covenant and a person who later acquires the property burdened by the covenant from the party. The purchaser is bound by the covenant if he or she had sufficient notice of it at the time of purchase.

summary probate

A relatively simple probate proceeding available for "small estates," as that term is defined by state law. Every state's definition is different, and many are complicated, but a few states include estates worth $100,000 or more. Some states allow summary probate whenever the value of property in the estate doesn't exceed what is needed to pay a family allowance and certain creditors.

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