land use & zoning law

Abnormally Dangerous Activity


In tort law, an activity that (1) is not of common usage, and (2) creates a foreseeable and highly significant risk of physical harm even when reasonable care is exercised by all actors. See Restatement (Third) of Torts § 20(b) (2009). A...

Adverse Interest

There are three main types of adverse interests.

1) An adverse interest can mean an interest, claim or right that is against another’s interest. For example, a plaintiff and defendant...

Adverse Possession


Adverse possession is a doctrine under which a person in possession of land owned by someone else may acquire valid title to it, so long as certain common law requirements are met, and the adverse possessor is in possession for a sufficient...

Affirmative Waste

See voluntary waste.


Agriculture: An Overview

Agriculture includes soil preparation, seed planting, crop harvesting, gardening, horticulture, viticulture, apiculture (bee-raising), dairying, poultry, and ranching. Generally, laws grouped under the heading "agricultural law...


An Abbreviation for Covenants, Conditions and Restrictions


1. To blame for something. A court finding someone guilty of a crime is sometimes said to condemn that person.

2. To declare that specified private property will be taken for public use. See Eminent domain.

3. To find that something is...


The act of condemning a person or property.

See Condemn.

Condemnation Action

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA lawsuit brought by a public agency to acquire private property for public purposes (schools, highways, parks, hospitals, redevelopment, civic buildings, for example), or even for private development...