wex articles

Arms Export Control Act (1976)


The Arms Export Control Act authorizes the president to control the import and export of defense articles and services. If the president chooses, he can issue a license to an individual or organization that wishes to export defense articles or...

Arson

Definition

A crime at common law, originally defined as the malicious burning of the dwelling of another. Depending upon the jurisdiction, the intentional setting of a fire to a building, or else the intentional setting of a fire to a building where...

Aviation

Aviation: An Overview

Aviation law governs the operation of aircraft and the maintenance of aviation facilities. Both federal and state governments have enacted statutes and created administrative agencies to regulate air traffic.

Using its...

Baker v. Carr (1962)

A Supreme Court case that held that federal courts could hear cases that claimed that malapportionment of state legislatures violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Constitution. By holding that such cases were justiciable, the Supreme Court paved...

Banking

banking: an overview

Banks and bank accounts are regulated by both state and federal statutes. Bank accounts may be established by national and state chartered banks and savings associations. All are regulated by the law under which they were...

Bankruptcy

Overview

Bankruptcy law provides for the reduction or elimination of certain debts, and can provide a timeline for the repayment of nondischargeable debts over time. It also permits individuals and organizations to repay secured debt--typically debt...

Bankruptcy court

There are 94 federal judicial districts. Each of these handle bankruptcy matters. In almost every district, bankruptcy courts hear bankruptcy cases and bankruptcy cases cannot be filed in state court. Bankruptcy laws help debtors who can no longer...

Bankruptcy fraud

Overview

Bankruptcy fraud is a white-collar crime that commonly takes four general forms:

A debtor conceals assets to avoid having to forfeit them.An individual intentionally files false or incomplete forms. Including false information on a...

Bilateral investment treaty

Bilateral investment treaties (or, BITs) are international agreements establishing the terms and conditions for private investment by nationals and companies of one state in another state.

The first generation of these treaties were Friendship,...

Biological experiments

Subjecting people to biological experiments without consent, when perpetrated in an armed conflict, is a war crime punishable by the International Criminal Court. A prosecution for biological experiments must show the following elements:

One or more...

Pages