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Clean Air Act (CAA)

The Clean Air Act (CAA) U.S.C. Title 42, Chapter 85

A part of Environmental Law, the CAA is a massive piece of legislation from the 1970s, that promulgates uniform national standards for a wide range of air pollutants and sources, through a handful of systems.  The CAA uses a two prong attack - in addition to regulating the air quality levels, it also allows regulate sources of pollution. 
 

 See EPA Website:  http://www.epa.gov/air/caa/

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA)

Overview

The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act is better known as CERCLA. It is codified in 42 U.S.C. Chapter 103.

Endangered Species Act (ESA)

Endangered Species Act (7 U.S.C. § 136, 16 U.S.C. § 1531 et seq.)

Overview
The Endangered Species Act (ESA) is designed to protect species from extinction as a "consequence of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation."  This act is designed to protect both the species and “the ecosystems on  which endangered species and threatened species depend.”

Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002

More commonly known as the McCain-Feingold Act, this act sought to end the influence in federal elections of so-called soft money, which is money raised outside the limits and prohibitions of federal campaign finance law. Among other things, this law banned soft money contributions to political parties, increased the limits on hard money contributions, and placed limits on the ability of corporations (including nonprofits) and labor unions to broadcast messages that included a federal candidate's name or image. The 2010 Supreme Court case Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission struck down the part of the law that relates to corporations and unions.

Chinese Exclusion Act

The Chinese Exclusion Act, signed into law on May 6, 1882, by President Chester A. Arthur, effectively terminated Chinese immigration for ten years and prohibited Chinese from becoming US citizens. All Chinese persons- except travelers, merchants, teachers, students, and those born in the United States-were barred from entering the United States and Chinese residents, regardless of how long they legally worked in the United States, were ineligible to become naturalized citizens. The law was repealed by the Magnuson Act in 1943 during World War II.

Child Status Protection Act (CSPA)

The Child Status Protection Act (CSPA) amends the Immigration and Nationality Act by permitting an applicant for certain benefits to retain classification as a “child” under the Act, even if he or she has reached the age of 21. Prior to CSPA, once a child turned 21 years of age, that child "aged-out" and was no longer able to immigrate (or adjust status) along with his family. CSPA eliminates this problem by "freezing the age" of immediate relative children when their petitioning U.S.

Public Law 107-208, 116 Stat. 927

Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey (1992)

Definition

The Supreme Court case that reaffirmed the aspect of Roe v. Wade (1973) that prohibited states from disallowing abortion prior to viability. However, the Court overruled two aspects of the Roe decision: (1) the trimester distinction and (2) the use of strict scrutiny for judicial review of government regulation of abortions.

Overview

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