international criminal tribunals

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International criminal tribunals are temporary (ad hoc) or permanent courts convened for the purpose of deciding cases arising under international criminal law.  Examples of international criminal tribunals include: 

  1. Nuremberg Military Tribunals, including the International Military Tribunal and the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials, established in 1945 to prosecute those responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity in WWII;
  2. The International Military Tribunal for the Far East (Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal), convened in May 1946;
  3. International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia;
  4. International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda;
  5. Special Court for Sierra Leone, established in November 1996 to prosecute war crimes and crimes against humanity arising from the Civil War in Sierra Leone;
  6. International Criminal Court.