international law

(LIIBULLETIN preview (pre-2014))
Facts

On December 11, 1990, the United Kingdom and Respondent Argentina signed the Bilateral Investment Treaty (“BIT”). See Republic of Arg. v. BG Group PLC, 665 F.3d 1363, 1366 (D.C. Cir. 2012). The purpose of the treaty was to promote foreign...

(Wex page)

Bilateral investment treaties (or, BITs) are international agreements establishing the terms and conditions for private investment by nationals and companies of one state in another state. 

The first generation of these treaties were...

(Wex page)

Conventional international law is the body of international legal principles contained in treaties versus customary international law or other sources of international law. 

(Wex page)
Overview

Customary international law is one component of international law. Customary international law refers to international obligations arising from established international practices, as opposed to obligations arising from formal written...

(Wex page)

Diplomatic law is a field of international law concerning the practice of diplomacy, and the rights and obligations of state representatives on the territory of other states.  The broad corpus of diplomatic law derives from one of the oldest...

(Wex page)

Genocide is one of the greatest crimes under international law, often called the "crime of crimes" after the Nuremburg Trials.  According to Article 2 of the 1948 United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide...

(Wex page)

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was established in 1957 to provide assistance to states interested in developing atomic energy.  The goal of the IAEA is to establish a system of inspection and control to ensure, inter alia, that...

(Wex page)

International Bank of Reconstruction and Development was established in 1944 as the original intritution of the World Bank group.  Its aim is to reduce poverty in middle-income and creditworthy poorer countries by promoting sustainable development...

(Wex page)
Overview

International conventions are treaties or agreements between countries. "International convention" is often used interchangeably with terms like "international treaty," "international agreement," "compact," or "contract between states." ...

(Wex page)

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is one of the constituent organs of the United Nations system.  According to Article 92 of the UN Charter, all UN members are automatically state parties to the Statute of the ICJ. 

...
(Wex page)

{{under construction}}

The following is a non-exhaustive list of crimes under international criminal law

prohibition on the use of force;the law of genocide;principle of racial non-discrimination;crimes against humanity;prohibiting trade in...
(Wex page)

International criminal law is a field of international law that seeks to regulate the behavior of states, organizations and individuals operating across national boundaries in commission of international crimes.  International criminal law also...

(Wex page)

The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), (French: Tribunal pénal International Pour le Rwanda), was established in November 8, 1994 by United Nations Security Council resolution 955 in order to prosecute persons responsible for genocide...

(Wex page)

International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), is an international criminal tribunal established by the United Nations to prosecute war crimes that took place during the conflict of the Belkans in 1990’s.  The tribunal was...

(Wex page)

International criminal tribunals are temporary (ad hoc) or permanent courts convened for the purpose of deciding cases arising under international criminal law.  Examples of international criminal tribunals include: 

Nuremberg...
(Wex page)

International economic law, broadly conceived, is a field of international law that encompasses both the conduct of sovereign states in international economic relations, and the conduct of private parties involved in cross-border economic and business...

(Wex page)

International environmental law (sometimes, international ecological law) is a field of international law regulating the behavior of states and international organizations with respect to the environment.  See Phillipe Sands, Principles of...

(Wex page)

International humanitarian law (law of war) is a field of international law regulating armed conflict between states, and more recently, between states and informal groups and individuals.  See Jean Pictet, Development and Principles of...

(Wex page)
Overview

International law consists of rules and principles governing the relations and dealings of nations with each other, as well as the relations between states and individuals, and relations between international organizations. 

Public...

(Wex page)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) was concieved in July 1994 in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire and entered into force on March 1, 1947.  IMF was established in order to promote international monetary cooporation, facilitate expansion and balanced...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

Petitioners, Joseph Jesner, et al. (“Jesner”), are non-residents of the United States who were injured by terrorists in the Middle East. In re Arab Bank, PLC Alien Tort Statute Litigation, 808 F.3d 144, 147 (2d Cir. 2015 ). Respondent, Arab Bank,...

(Wex page)
Definition

Jus cogens (from Latin: compelling law; from English: peremptory norm) refers to certain fundamental, overriding principles of international law.

Overview

There is near-universal agreement for the existence of the category of ...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

Esther Kiobel represents a class of citizens from the Ogoni region in Nigeria who filed a class action suit against the respondents Royal Dutch Petroleum, Shell Transport and Trading Company and Shell Petroleum...

(LIIBULLETIN preview (pre-2014))

Oral argument: Feb. 28, 2012

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (Sep. 17, 2010)

ALIEN TORT STATUTE, CORPORATIONS, INTERNATIONAL LAW, TORT LIABILITY

Petitioners Esther Kiobel and others, on behalf of a...

(LIIBULLETIN preview (pre-2014))
[Question(s) presented][Issue(s)][Facts][Discussion][Analysis]Issue(s)

Whether an American federal court can hear a claim under the Alien Tort statute, when that claim arose out of conduct in a foreign country.

top

Facts

Esther Kiobel...

(Wex page)
Definition

A legal system is a procedure or process for interpreting and enforcing the law.

Overview

There are hundreds of legal systems in the world. At the global level, international law is of great importance, whether created by the practice of...

(LIIBULLETIN preview (pre-2014))

Oral argument: Oct. 10, 2007

Appealed from: Texas Court of Criminal Appeals (Nov. 15, 2006)

SEPARATION OF POWERS, INTERNATIONAL LAW, FEDERALISM, VIENNA CONVENTION ON CONSULAR RELATIONS, INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE, AVENA

José Ernesto...

(Wex page)
Definition

A clause frequently included in bilateral investment treaties ("BITs") which provides that a host state shall treat all of its trading partners equally. Under such a clause, if the host state lowers a tariff for one trading partner...

(Wex page)

Treaties between a large number of states, usually (though not always) denoting participation by a majority of the world's states.  Multilateral treaties cover practically every substantive field of international law, from human rights to inter-...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

In March 2007, Carol Sachs purchased a four-day Eurail pass for travel in Austria and the Czech Republic from Rail Pass Experts (“RPE”), a Massachusetts company. See Sachs v. Republic of Austria, 737 F.3d 584, 587 (9th Cir...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

In March 2007, Carol Sachs purchased a four-day Eurail pass for travel in Austria and the Czech Republic from Rail Pass Experts (“RPE”), a Massachusetts company. See Sachs v. Republic of Austria, 737 F.3d 584, 587 (9th Cir. 2013). Sachs purchased the...

(Wex page)
Definition

Opinio juris is a shortened form of the Latin phrase opinio juris sive necessitatis, which means "an opinion of law or necessity."  

Overview

In customary international law, opinio juris is...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

The Permanent Mission of India to the United Nations (Indian Mission) is located in a 26-floor building in Manhattan, New York City. New York v. Permanent Mission of Indian to the United Nations, 446 F.3d 365, 367 (2d Cir. 2006)....

(Wex page)

Clausula rebus sic stantibus is a clause in international conventions (international agreements or treaties) that provides for the unenforceability of a treaty due to fundamentally changed circumstances.  The doctrine is one of the oldest norms of...

(Wex page)

In international law, recognition is the process of formally acknowledging the legal existence of a state or government.  See Christopher Joyner, International Law in the 21st Century 47 (2005). 

See Also:

Statehood (international...
(LIIBULLETIN preview)

Somali government agents, including the National Security Service (“NSS”) and the military police, allegedly subjected disfavored Somali clans and government opponents to widespread, systematic use of torture, arbitrary detention, and extrajudicial...

Pages