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1.  An action seeking return of personal property wrongfully taken or held by the defendant.  Rules on replevin actions vary by jurisdiction.  See State Civil Procedure Rules; Rule 64 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.  Creditors use replevin actions to recover collateral when debtors default on secured loans. For example, a bank might file a replevin action against a borrower to repossess the borrower's car after he missed too many payments. See Debtor and Creditor Law.

2.  A writ authorizing the retaking of property by its rightful owner (i.e., the remedy sought by replevin actions).  Replevin may be ordered as a final judgment, or in some jurisdictions, as a provisional remedy.