courts and procedure

A fortiori


A Latin term meaning literally 'from [the] stronger'. Translated into English and used in the particular context of legal writing, the term often means 'from [the] stronger [argument]'. If a particular fact is true, then one can infer that a...

A priori


A Latin term meaning "from what comes before." In legal arguments, a priori generally means that a particular idea is taken as a given.

Ab initio


A Latin term meaning "from the beginning." Used to indicate that some fact existed from the start of a relevant time period.



To formally annul or repeal a law through an act of the legislature, constitutional authority, or custom. In contract and insurance law, it is to rescind or terminate a contract.

In constitutional law, the abrogation doctrine...

Absentee Ballot


A paper ballot submitted, before an election day and often by mail, by a voter who is unable to attend the official polling station on election day. Also called absentee vote.

Absolute Disparity


A calculation used to analyze a claim that a jury pool did not represent a fair cross-section of the community. Calculated by subtracting the percentage of a group in the jury pool from the percentage of that group in the general population...


See alsoAbstract of judgmentAbstract of titleAbstract of trust