The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest Federal food assistance program, codified at 7 U.S. 51 and replacing the food stamp program. SNAP gives aid to low-income individuals and families with the majority of recipients being below the poverty line. The program is a key safety net cited for reducing hunger in the United States. In order to qualify, applicants’ monthly income must be at or less than 130% of the poverty line and meet other income requirements. Aid is calculated based on family size, elderly or disabled family members, and expected contribution. SNAP benefits are given to applicants through an “EBT” card that allows individuals to purchase approved food items at participating grocery stores and markets. The SNAP program provided an average of about $132 a month to around 40 million individuals a year from 2010-2020.
[Last updated in June of 2021 by the Wex Definitions Team]