human rights

Abduction

Definition

Taking a person away by means of persuasion, fraud, or force. Some jurisdictions also require that the abductee, the person abducted, be a child or that that the abductor intend to marry or defile the abductee or subject him or her to...

Abuse

Definition

1) Abuse, generally: physically, sexually, or mentally injuring a person.

2) Child abuse: physically, sexually, or mentally injuring a child either with intent or through neglect.

3) Substance abuse: excessively using or misusing...

American Civil Liberties Union

Definition

A national organization that engages in litigation, legislative lobbying, and educational outreach in order to preserve and further individual rights and liberties that are guaranteed by the Constitution and laws of the United States....

Biological experiments

Subjecting people to biological experiments without consent, when perpetrated in an armed conflict, is a war crime punishable by the International Criminal Court. A prosecution for biological experiments must show the following elements:

One or more...

Conscripting Children

Conscripting children is a war crime punishable by the International Criminal Court. The crime has the following elements:

The perpetrator conscripted or enlisted the victims into the national armed forces or for active participation in hostilities;...

Corporeal

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA thing that has a physical existence, as opposed to something incorporeal, like a right, which does not. Also called tangible.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Corrections

corrections law overview

Correctional institutions are the places where convicted criminals serve out their sentences, including prisons, halfway houses and supervised release programs. They are generally of statutory creation and are governed by...

Corrections Program

See Correctional program.

De Facto Segregation

During racial integration efforts in schools during the 1960’s, “de facto segregation” was a term used to describe a situation in which legislation did not overtly segregate students by race, but nevertheless school segregation continued.

Defense

A reason why the plaintiff or prosecutor should not prevail on a cause of action or demand for relief. A defense can either allege a failure to state a claim, or affirm the existence of a claim and present additional reasons that prevent the plaintiff...

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