Utah Admin. Code R309-210-10 - Disinfection Byproducts - Stage 2 Requirements

(1) General requirements.
(a) General. The regulations in this sub-section establish monitoring and other requirements for achieving compliance with maximum contaminant levels based on locational running annual averages (LRAA) for total trihalomethanes (TTHM) and haloacetic acids (five)(HAA5), and for achieving compliance with maximum residual disinfectant residuals for chlorine and chloramine for certain consecutive systems.
(b) Applicability. The water system is subject to these requirements if the system is a community water system or a non-transient non-community water system that uses a primary or residual disinfectant other than ultraviolet light or delivers water that has been treated with a primary or residual disinfectant other than ultraviolet light.
(c) Schedule. The water system must comply with the requirements in this subpart on the schedule in the following sub-paragraphs (c)(i) through (vi) based on the system type.
(i) For water systems that are not part of a combined distribution system and systems that serve the largest population in the combined distribution system.
(A) For water systems that serve a population greater than or equal to 100,000 the water system must comply with R309-210-10 monitoring by April 1, 2012.
(B) For water systems that serve a population from 50,000 to 99,999 the water system must comply with R309-210-10 monitoring by October 1, 2012.
(C) For water systems that serve a population from 10,000 to 49,999 the water system must comply with R309-210-10 monitoring by October 1, 2013.
(D) For water systems that serve a population less than 10,000 the water system must comply with R309-210-10 monitoring by October 1, 2013 if no Cryptosporidium monitoring is required under R309-215-15(2)(a)(iv) or October 1, 2014 if Cryptosporidium monitoring is required under R309-215-15(a)(iv) or (a)(vi).
(ii) For other water systems that are part of a combined distribution system:
(A) For wholesale systems or consecutive systems the water system must comply with R309-210-10 monitoring at the same time as the system with the earliest compliance date in the combined distribution system.
(iii) The Director may grant up to an additional 24 months for compliance with MCLs and operational evaluation levels if the water system requires capital improvements to comply with an MCL.
(iv) The monitoring frequency is specified in R309-210-10(2)(a)(ii).
(A) If the water system is required to conduct quarterly monitoring, the water system must begin monitoring in the first full calendar quarter that includes the compliance date in paragraph (c).
(B) If the water system is required to conduct monitoring at a frequency that is less than quarterly, the water system must begin monitoring in the calendar month recommended in the IDSE report prepared under R309-210-9(2) or R309-210-9(3) or the calendar month identified in the R309-210-10 monitoring plan developed under R309-210-10(3) no later than 12 months after the compliance date in R309-210-10(1)(c).
(v) If the water system is required to conduct quarterly monitoring, the water system must make compliance calculations at the end of the fourth calendar quarter that follows the compliance date and at the end of each subsequent quarter (or earlier if the LRAA calculated based on fewer than four quarters of data would cause the MCL to be exceeded regardless of the monitoring results of subsequent quarters). If the water system is required to conduct monitoring at a frequency that is less than quarterly, the water system must make compliance calculations beginning with the first compliance sample taken after the compliance date.
(vi) For the purpose of the schedule in this paragraph (c), the Director may determine that the combined distribution system does not include certain consecutive systems based on factors such as receiving water from a wholesale system only on an emergency basis or receiving only a small percentage and small volume of water from a wholesale system. The Director may also determine that the combined distribution system does not include certain wholesale systems based on factors such as delivering water to a consecutive system only on an emergency basis or delivering only a small percentage and small volume of water to a consecutive system.
(d) Monitoring and compliance.
(i) Systems required to monitor quarterly. To comply with R309-210-10 MCLs in R309-200-5(3)(c)(3)(vi), the water system must calculate LRAAs for TTHM and HAA5 using monitoring results collected under this sub- section and determine that each LRAA does not exceed the MCL. If the water system fails to complete four consecutive quarters of monitoring, the water system must calculate compliance with the MCL based on the average of the available data from the most recent four quarters. If the water system takes more than one sample per quarter at a monitoring location, the water system must average all samples taken in the quarter at that location to determine a quarterly average to be used in the LRAA calculation.
(ii) Systems required to monitor yearly or less frequently. To determine compliance with R309-210-10 MCLs in R309-200-5(3)(c)(3)(vi), the water system must determine that each sample taken is less than the MCL. If any sample exceeds the MCL, the water system must comply with the requirements of R309-210-10(6). If no sample exceeds the MCL, the sample result for each monitoring location is considered the LRAA for that monitoring location.
(e) Violation. The water system is in violation of the monitoring requirements for each quarter that a monitoring result would be used in calculating an LRAA if the water system fail to monitor.
(2) Routine monitoring.
(a) Monitoring.
(i) If the water system submitted an IDSE report, the water system must begin monitoring at the locations and months the water system have recommended in the IDSE report submitted under R309-210-9(6) following the schedule in R309-210-10(1)(c), unless the Director requires other locations or additional locations after its review. If the water system submitted a 40/30 certification under R309-210-9(4) or the water system qualified for a very small system waiver under R309-210-9(5) or the water system is a non-transient non-community water system serving less than 10,000, the water system must monitor at the location(s) and dates identified in the monitoring plan in R309-210-8(5), updated as required by R309-210-10(3).
(ii) The water system must monitor at no fewer than the number of locations identified in this paragraph (a)(ii).
(A) Surface water systems serving less than 500 shall have one monitoring period per year and shall collect two dual samples sets per monitoring period.
(B) Surface water systems serving between 500 to 3,300 shall have four monitoring periods per year and shall collect two dual samples sets per monitoring period.
(C) Surface water systems serving between 3,301 to 9,999 population shall have four monitoring periods per year and shall collect two dual samples sets per monitoring period.
(D) Surface water systems serving between 10,000 to 49,999 population shall have four monitoring periods per year and shall collect four dual samples sets per monitoring period.
(E) Surface water systems serving between 50,000 to 249,999 population shall have four monitoring periods per year and shall collect eight dual samples sets per monitoring period.
(F) Surface water systems serving between 250,000 to 999,999 population shall have four monitoring periods per year and shall collect 12 dual samples per monitoring period.
(G) Surface water systems serving between 1,000,000 to 4,999,999 population shall have four monitoring periods per year and shall collect 16 dual samples sets per monitoring period.
(H) Surface water systems serving 5,000,000 or more population shall have four monitoring periods per year and shall collect 20 dual samples sets per monitoring period.
(I) Ground water systems serving less than 500 shall have one monitoring period per year and shall collect two dual samples sets per monitoring period.
(J) Ground water systems serving between 500 to 9,999 population shall have one monitoring period per year and shall collect two dual samples sets per monitoring period.
(K) Ground water systems serving between 10,000 to 99,999 population shall have four monitoring periods per year and shall collect four dual samples sets per monitoring period.
(L) Ground water systems serving between 100,000 to 499,999 population shall have four monitoring periods per year and shall collect six dual samples sets per monitoring period.
(M) Ground water systems serving 500,000 or greater population shall have four monitoring periods per year and shall collect eight dual samples sets per monitoring period.
(N) All systems must monitor during month of highest DBP concentrations.
(O) Systems on quarterly monitoring must take dual sample sets every 90 days at each monitoring location, except for surface water systems serving 500-3,300. Systems on annual monitoring and surface water systems serving 500-3,300 are required to take individual TTHM and HAA5 samples (instead of a dual sample set) at the locations with the highest TTHM and HAA5 concentrations, respectively. Only one location with a dual sample set per monitoring period is needed if highest TTHM and HAA5 concentrations occur at the same location (and month, if monitored annually).
(iii) If the water system is an undisinfected system that begins using a disinfectant other than UV light after the dates in R309-210-9 for complying with the Initial Distribution System Evaluation requirements, the water system must consult with the Director to identify compliance monitoring locations for this sub-section. The water system must then develop a monitoring plan under R309-210-10(3) that includes those monitoring locations.
(b) Analytical methods. The water system must use an approved method listed in R309-200-4(3) for TTHM and HAA5 analyses in this sub-section. Analyses must be conducted by laboratories that have received certification by EPA or the Director as specified in R309-200-4(3).
(3) Stage 2 monitoring plan.
(a)
(i) The water system must develop and implement a monitoring plan to be kept on file for Director and public review. The monitoring plan must contain the elements in paragraphs (a)(i)(A) through (a)(i)(D) of this section and be complete no later than the date the water system conduct the initial monitoring under this sub-section.
(A) Monitoring locations;
(B) Monitoring dates;
(C) Compliance calculation procedures; and
(D) Monitoring plans for any other systems in the combined distribution system if the Director has reduced monitoring requirements under the Director authority in R309-105-5(2).
(ii) If the water system were not required to submit an IDSE report under either R309-210-9(2) or R309-210-9(3), and the water system do not have sufficient R309-210-8 monitoring locations to identify the required number of R309-210-10 compliance monitoring locations indicated in R309-210-9(6)(b), the water system must identify additional locations by alternating selection of locations representing high TTHM levels and high HAA5 levels until the required number of compliance monitoring locations have been identified. The water system must also provide the rationale for identifying the locations as having high levels of TTHM or HAA5. If the water system have more R309-210-8 monitoring locations than required for R309-210-10 compliance monitoring in R309-210-9(6)(b), the water system must identify which locations the water system will use for R309-210-10 compliance monitoring by alternating selection of locations representing high TTHM levels and high HAA5 levels until the required number of R309-210-10 compliance monitoring locations have been identified.
(b) If the water system is a surface water system serving greater than 3,300 people, the water system must submit a copy of the monitoring plan to the Director prior to the date the water system conduct the initial monitoring under this sub-section, unless the IDSE report submitted under R309-210-9 contains all the information required by this section.
(c) The water system may revise the monitoring plan to reflect changes in treatment, distribution system operations and layout (including new service areas), or other factors that may affect TTHM or HAA5 formation, or for Director-approved reasons, after consultation with the Director regarding the need for changes and the appropriateness of changes. If the water system changes monitoring locations, the water system must replace existing compliance monitoring locations with the lowest LRAA with new locations that reflect the current distribution system locations with expected high TTHM or HAA5 levels. The Director may also require modifications in the monitoring plan. If the water system is a surface water system serving greater than 3,300 people, the water system must submit a copy of the modified monitoring plan to the Director prior to the date the water system is required to comply with the revised monitoring plan.
(4) Reduced monitoring.
(a) The water system may reduce monitoring to the level specified in this paragraph (a) any time the LRAA is equal to or less than 0.040 mg/L for TTHM and equal to or less than 0.030 mg/L for HAA5 at all monitoring locations. The water system may only use data collected under the provisions of this sub-section or R309-210-8 to qualify for reduced monitoring. In addition, the source water annual average TOC level, before any treatment, must be less than or equal to 4.0 mg/L at each treatment plant treating surface water or ground water under the direct influence of surface water, based on monitoring conducted under either R309-210-8(2)(a)(iii) or R309-215-12.
(i) Surface water systems serving a population less than 500. Monitoring reduction
(A) Monitoring may not be reduced.
(ii) Surface water systems serving between 500 to 3,300 population.
(A) One monitoring periods per year. 1 TTHM and 1 HAA5 sample must be collected per monitoring period.
(B) One sample at the location and during the quarter with the highest TTHM single measurement in the distribution system.
(C) One sample at the location and during the quarter with the highest HAA5 single measurement in the distribution system.
(D) Only one dual sample set per year is required if the highest TTHM and HAA5 measurements occurred at the same location and quarter.
(iii) Surface water systems serving between 3,301 to 9,999 population.
(A) One monitoring period per year. Two dual samples sets must be collected per monitoring period.
(B) One dual sample set at the location and during the quarter with the highest TTHM single measurement in the distribution system.
(C) One dual sample set at the location and during the quarter with the highest HAA5 single measurement in the distribution system.
(iv) Surface water systems serving between 10,000 to 49,999 population.
(A) Four monitoring periods per year. Two dual samples sets must be collected per monitoring period.
(B) One dual sample set must be taken at the location of the highest TTHM LRAAs.
(C) One dual sample set must be taken at the location of the highest HAA5 LRAAs.
(v) Surface water systems serving between 50,000 to 249,999 population.
(A) Four monitoring periods per year. Four dual samples sets must be collected per monitoring period.
(B) A dual sample set must be taken at each of the locations of the two highest TTHM LRAAs.
(C) A dual sample set must be taken at each of the locations of the two highest HAA5 LRAAs.
(vi) Surface water systems serving between 250,000 to 999,999 population.
(A) Four monitoring periods per year. Six dual samples sets must be collected per monitoring period.
(B) A dual sample set must be taken at each of the locations of the three highest TTHM LRAAs.
(C) A dual sample set must be taken at each of the locations of the three highest HAA5 LRAAs.
(vii) Surface water systems serving between 1,000,000 to 4,999,999 population.
(A) Four monitoring periods per year. Eight dual samples sets must be collected per monitoring period.
(B) A dual sample set must be taken at each of the locations of the four highest TTHM LRAAs.
(C) A dual sample set must be taken at each of the locations of the four highest HAA5 LRAAs.
(viii) Surface water systems serving 5,000,000 or more population.
(A) Four monitoring periods per year. 10 dual samples sets must be collected per monitoring period.
(B) A dual sample set must be taken at each of the locations of the five highest TTHM LRAAs.
(C) A dual sample set must be taken at each of the locations of the five highest HAA5 LRAAs.
(ix) Ground water systems serving less than 500.
(A) One monitoring period every three years. 1 TTHM and 1 HAA5 sample must be collected per monitoring period.
(B) One sample at the location and during the quarter with the highest TTHM single measurement in the distribution system.
(C) One sample at the location and during the quarter with the highest HAA5 single measurement in the distribution system.
(D) Only one dual sample set per year is required if the highest TTHM and HAA5 measurements occurred at the same location and quarter.
(x) Ground water systems serving between 500 to 9,999 population.
(A) One monitoring period per year. 1 TTHM and 1 HAA5 sample must be collected per monitoring period.
(B) One sample at the location and during the quarter with the highest TTHM single measurement in the distribution system.
(C) One sample at the location and during the quarter with the highest HAA5 single measurement in the distribution system.
(D) Only one dual sample set per year is required if the highest TTHM and HAA5 measurements occurred at the same location and quarter.
(xi) Ground water systems serving between 10,000 to 99,999 population.
(A) One monitoring period per year. Two dual samples sets must be collected per monitoring period.
(B) One dual sample set at the location and during the quarter with the highest TTHM single measurement in the distribution system.
(C) One dual sample set at the location and during the quarter with the highest HAA5 single measurement in the distribution system.
(xii) Ground water systems serving between 100,000 to 499,999 population.
(A) Four monitoring periods per year. Two dual samples sets must be collected per monitoring period.
(B) One dual sample set must be taken at the location of the highest TTHM LRAAs.
(C) One dual sample set must be taken at the location of the highest HAA5 LRAAs.
(xiii) Ground water systems serving 500,000 or greater population.
(A) Four monitoring periods per year. Four dual samples sets must be collected per monitoring period.
(B) A dual sample set must be taken at each of the locations of the two highest TTHM LRAAs.
(C) A dual sample set must be taken at each of the locations of the two highest HAA5 LRAAs.
(xiv) Systems on quarterly monitoring must take dual sample sets every 90 days.
(b) The water system may remain on reduced monitoring as long as the TTHM LRAA less than or equal to 0.040 mg/L and the HAA5 LRAA less than or equal to 0.030 mg/L at each monitoring location (for systems with quarterly reduced monitoring) or each TTHM sample less than or equal to 0.060 mg/L and each HAA5 sample less than or equal to 0.045 mg/L (for systems with annual or less frequent monitoring). In addition, the source water annual average TOC level, before any treatment, must be less than or equal to 4.0 mg/L at each treatment plant treating surface water or ground water under the direct influence of surface water, based on monitoring conducted under either R309-210-8(2)(a)(iii) or R309-215-12.
(c) If the LRAA based on quarterly monitoring at any monitoring location exceeds either 0.040 mg/L for TTHM or 0.030 mg/L for HAA5 or if the annual (or less frequent) sample at any location exceeds either 0.060 mg/L for TTHM or 0.045 mg/L for HAA5, or if the source water annual average TOC level, before any treatment, is greater than 4.0 mg/L at any treatment plant treating surface water or ground water under the direct influence of surface water, the water system must resume routine monitoring under R309-210-10(2) or begin increased monitoring if R309-210-10(6) applies.
(d) The Director may return the system to routine monitoring at the Director's discretion.
(5) Additional requirements for consecutive systems.

If the water system is a consecutive system that does not add a disinfectant but delivers water that has been treated with a primary or residual disinfectant other than ultraviolet light, the water system must comply with analytical and monitoring requirements for chlorine and chloramines in R309-200-4(3) and the compliance requirements in R309-210-8(6)(c)(i) beginning April 1, 2009, unless required earlier by the Director, and report monitoring results under R309-105-16(2)(c).

(6) Conditions requiring increased monitoring.
(a) If the water system is required to monitor at a particular location annually or less frequently than annually under R309-210-10(2) or R309-210-10(4), the water system must increase monitoring to dual sample sets once per quarter (taken every 90 days) at all locations if a TTHM sample is greater than 0.080 mg/L or a HAA5 sample is greater than 0.06 mg/L at any location.
(b) The water system is in violation of the MCL when the LRAA exceeds the R309-210-10 MCLs in R309-200-5(3)(c)(vi), calculated based on four consecutive quarters of monitoring (or the LRAA calculated based on fewer than four quarters of data if the MCL would be exceeded regardless of the monitoring results of subsequent quarters). The water system is in violation of the monitoring requirements for each quarter that a monitoring result would be used in calculating an LRAA if the water system fail to monitor.
(c) The water system may return to routine monitoring once the water system have conducted increased monitoring for at least four consecutive quarters and the LRAA for every monitoring location is less than or equal to 0.060 mg/L for TTHM and less than or equal to 0.045 mg/L for HAA5.
(7) Operational evaluation levels.
(a) The water system have exceeded the operational evaluation level at any monitoring location where the sum of the two previous quarters' TTHM results plus twice the current quarter's TTHM result, divided by 4 to determine an average, exceeds 0.080 mg/L, or where the sum of the two previous quarters' HAA5 results plus twice the current quarter's HAA5 result, divided by 4 to determine an average, exceeds 0.060 mg/L.
(b)
(i) If the water system exceeds the operational evaluation level, the water system must conduct an operational evaluation and submit a written report of the evaluation to the Director no later than 90 days after being notified of the analytical result that causes the water system to exceed the operational evaluation level. The written report must be made available to the public upon request.
(ii) The operational evaluation must include an examination of system treatment and distribution operational practices, including storage tank operations, excess storage capacity, distribution system flushing, changes in sources or source water quality, and treatment changes or problems that may contribute to TTHM and HAA5 formation and what steps could be considered to minimize future exceedences.
(A) The water system may request and the Director may allow the water system to limit the scope of the evaluation if the water system is able to identify the cause of the operational evaluation level exceedance.
(B) The request to limit the scope of the evaluation does not extend the schedule in paragraph (b)(i) of this section for submitting the written report. The Director must approve this limited scope of evaluation in writing and the water system must keep that approval with the completed report.
(8) Requirements for remaining on reduced TTHM and HAA5 monitoring based on R309-210-8 results.

The water system may remain on reduced monitoring after the dates identified in R309-210-10(1)(c) for compliance with this sub-section only if the water system qualifies for a 40/30 certification under R309-210-9(4) or have received a very small system waiver under R309-210-9(5), plus the water system meets the reduced monitoring criteria in R309-210-10(4)(a), and the water system does not change or add monitoring locations from those used for compliance monitoring under R309-210-8. If the monitoring locations under this sub-section differ from the monitoring locations under R309-210-8, the water system may not remain on reduced monitoring after the dates identified in R309-210-10(1)(c) for compliance with this sub-section.

(9) Requirements for remaining on increased TTHM and HAA5 monitoring based on R309-210-8 results.

If the water system was on increased monitoring under R309-210-8(2)(a), the water system must remain on increased monitoring until the water system qualifies for a return to routine monitoring under R309-210-10(6)(c). The water system must conduct increased monitoring under R309-210-10(6) at the monitoring locations in the monitoring plan developed under R309-210-10(3) beginning at the date identified in R309-210-10(1)(c) for compliance with this sub-section and remain on increased monitoring until the water system qualifies for a return to routine monitoring under R309-210-10(6)(c).

(10) Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
(a) Reporting.
(i) The water system must report the following information for each monitoring location to the Director within 10 days of the end of any quarter in which monitoring is required:
(A) Number of samples taken during the last quarter.
(B) Date and results of each sample taken during the last quarter.
(C) Arithmetic average of quarterly results for the last four quarters for each monitoring location (LRAA), beginning at the end of the fourth calendar quarter that follows the compliance date and at the end of each subsequent quarter. If the LRAA calculated based on fewer than four quarters of data would cause the MCL to be exceeded regardless of the monitoring results of subsequent quarters, the water system must report this information to the Director as part of the first report due following the compliance date or anytime thereafter that this determination is made. If the water system is required to conduct monitoring at a frequency that is less than quarterly, the water system must make compliance calculations beginning with the first compliance sample taken after the compliance date, unless the water system is required to conduct increased monitoring under R309-210-10(6).
(D) Whether, based on R309-200-5(3)(c)(vi) and this sub-section, the MCL was violated at any monitoring location.
(E) Any operational evaluation levels that were exceeded during the quarter and, if so, the location and date, and the calculated TTHM and HAA5 levels.
(ii) If the system is a surface water system seeking to qualify for or remain on reduced TTHM/HAA5 monitoring, the water system must report the following source water TOC information for each treatment plant that treats surface water or ground water under the direct influence of surface water to the Director within 10 days of the end of any quarter in which monitoring is required:
(A) The number of source water TOC samples taken each month during last quarter.
(B) The date and result of each sample taken during last quarter.
(C) The quarterly average of monthly samples taken during last quarter or the result of the quarterly sample.
(D) The running annual average (RAA) of quarterly averages from the past four quarters.
(E) Whether the RAA exceeded 4.0 mg/L.
(iii) The Director may choose to perform calculations and determine whether the MCL was exceeded or the system is eligible for reduced monitoring in lieu of having the system report that information.
(b) Recordkeeping. The water system must retain any R309-210-10 monitoring plans and the R309-210-10 monitoring results as required by R309-105-17.

Notes

Utah Admin. Code R309-210-10

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