Wis. Admin. Code Department of Transportation § Trans 233.05 - Direct access to state trunk highway or connecting highway

(1) No land divider may divide land in such a manner that a private road or driveway connects with a state trunk highway or connecting highway or any service road lying partially within the right-of-way of a state trunk highway or connecting highway, unless the land divider has received a special exception for that purpose approved by the department, district office or reviewing municipality under s. Trans 233.11. The following restriction shall be placed on the face of the land division map, or as part of the owner's certificate required under s. 236.21(2) (a), Stats., and shall be executed in the manner specified for a conveyance:

"All lots and blocks are hereby restricted so that no owner, possessor, user, licensee or other person may have any right of direct vehicular ingress from or egress to any highway lying within the right-of-way of (U.S.H.)(S.T.H.) __________________________ or ________________ Street; it is expressly intended that this restriction constitute a restriction for the benefit of the public as provided in s. 236.293, Stats., and shall be enforceable by the department or its assigns. Any access shall be allowed only by special exception. Any access allowed by special exception shall be confirmed and granted only through the driveway permitting process and all permits are revocable."

Note: The denial of a special exception for access or connection purposes is not the functional equivalent of the denial of a permit under s. 86.07(2), Stats. Appeal of disapproval of a plat (and thus disapproval of a special exception) is available only by certiorari under s. 236.13(5), Stats. There is no right to a contested case hearing under ss. 227.42 or 227.51(1), Stats., for the denial of a special exception.

(2) The department may require a desirable traffic access pattern between a state trunk highway or connecting highway and unplatted lands that abut the proposed land division and that are owned by or under option, whether formal or informal, contract or lease to the owner. The department may require a recordable covenant running with the land with respect to those unplatted lands.
(3) No person may connect a highway or a private road or driveway with a state trunk highway, connecting highway, or with a service road lying partially within the right-of-way of a state trunk highway or connecting highway, without first obtaining a permit under s. 86.07, Stats. The department may not issue a permit authorizing the connection of a highway with a state trunk highway or connecting highway to any person other than a municipality or county. The department may not issue any permit under s. 86.07, Stats., prior to favorable department review of the preliminary or final land division map or, for a subdivision plat, prior to the department's certification of no objection.

Note: The authority maintaining the highway is the one that issues, denies or places conditions on any permit issued under s. 86.07(2), Stats. Cities and villages are responsible for the maintenance of connecting highways under s. 86.32(1), Stats. Cities and villages must condition any permit issued with respect to a connecting highway upon compliance with all requirements imposed pursuant to this chapter.

(4) Whenever the department finds that existing and planned highways provide the land division with reasonable and adequate access to a highway, the department shall prohibit the connection to a state trunk highway or connecting highway of any highway and private road or driveway from within the land division.

Notes

Wis. Admin. Code Department of Transportation § Trans 233.05
Cr. Register, January, 1999, No. 517, eff. 2-1-99; am. (1), Register, January, 2001, No. 541, eff. 2-1-01.

Rules governing construction of driveways and other connections with a state trunk highway are found in ch. Trans 231. Detailed specifications may be obtained at the Department's district offices.

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