Sec. NR 405.07 - Review of major stationary sources and major modifications - source applicability and exemptions

§ NR 405.07. Review of major stationary sources and major modifications - source applicability and exemptions

(1)No major stationary source or major modification may begin actual construction unless the requirements of ss. NR 405.08 to 405.16 have been met.

(2)The requirements of ss. NR 405.08 to 405.16 shall apply to any major stationary source and any major modification with respect to each air contaminant that it would emit, except as this chapter would otherwise allow.

(3)The requirements of ss. NR 405.08 to 405.11 apply only to any major stationary source or major modification that would be constructed in an area which is designated as attainment or unclassifiable under section 107 (a) (1) (D) or (E) of the Act (42 USC 7407(a)(1)(D) or (E)).

(4)A major source or major modification is exempt from the requirements of ss. NR 405.08 to 405.16 if any of the following apply:

(a) The source or modification would be a major stationary source or major modification only if fugitive emissions, to the extent quantifiable, are considered in calculating the potential to emit of the stationary source or modification and such source does not belong to any of the following categories:

1. Coal cleaning plants (with thermal dryers).

2. Kraft pulp mills.

3. Portland cement plants.

4. Primary zinc smelters.

5. Iron and steel mills.

6. Primary aluminum ore reduction plants.

7. Primary copper smelters.

8. Municipal incinerators capable of charging more than 250 tons of refuse per day.

9. Hydrofluoric, sulfuric, or nitric acid plants.

10. Petroleum refineries.

11. Lime plants.

12. Phosphate rock processing plants.

13. Coke oven batteries.

14. Sulfur recovery plants.

15. Carbon black plants (furnace processes).

16. Primary lead smelters.

17. Fuel conversion plants.

18. Sintering plants.

19. Secondary metal production plants.

20. Chemical process plants. The chemical processing plants category does not include ethanol production facilities that produce ethanol by natural fermentation, as described by the 6-digit code of 312140 or 325193 in the North American Industry Classification System United States, 2007, incorporated by reference in s. NR 484.05(17).

21. Fossil fuel boilers (or combination thereof) totaling more than 250 million British thermal units per hour heat input.

22. Petroleum storage and transfer units with a total storage capacity exceeding 300,000 barrels.

23. Taconite ore processing plants.

24. Glass fiber processing plants.

25. Charcoal production plants.

26. Fossil fuel fired steam electric plants of more than 250 million British thermal units per hour heat input.

27. Any other stationary source category which, as of August 7, 1980, is being regulated under section 111 or 112 of the Act (42 USC 7411 or 7412).

(b) The major source or major modification is a portable stationary source which has previously received a permit under requirements in ss. NR 405.08 to 405.16 and all of the following conditions are met:

1. The source proposes to relocate and emissions of the source at the new location would be temporary.

2. The emissions from the source would not exceed its allowable emissions.

3. The emissions from the source would impact no Class I area and no area where an applicable increment is known to be violated.

4. Reasonable notice is given to the department prior to the relocation identifying the proposed new location and the probable duration of operation at the new location. Such notice shall be given to the department not less than 30 days in advance of the proposed relocation unless a different time duration is previously approved by the department.

(5) The requirements of ss. NR 405.08 to 405.16 do not apply to a major stationary source or major modification with respect to a particular air contaminant if the owner or operator demonstrates that, as to that air contaminant, the source or modification is located in an area designed as nonattainment under section 107 of the Act (42 USC 7407).

(6) The requirements contained in ss. NR 405.09, 405.11, and 405.13 do not apply to a proposed major stationary source or major modification with respect to a particular air contaminant, if the allowable emissions of that air contaminant from a new source, or the net emissions increase of that air contaminant from a modification, would be temporary and impact no Class I area and no area where an applicable increment is known to be violated.

(7) The requirements contained in ss. NR 405.09, 405.11, and 405.13 as they relate to any maximum allowable increase for a Class II area do not apply to a modification of a major stationary source that was in existence on March 1, 1978, if the net increase in allowable emissions of each air contaminant from the modification after the application of best available control technology would be less than 50 tons per year.

(8) The department may exempt a proposed major stationary source or major modification from the requirements of s. NR 405.11 with respect to monitoring for a particular air contaminant if one of the following applies:

(a) The emissions increase of the air contaminant from a new stationary source or the net emissions increase of the air contaminant from a major modification would cause, in any area, air quality impacts less than the following amounts:

1. Carbon monoxide - 575 mg/m3, 8-hour average.

2. Nitrogen dioxide - 14 mg/m3, annual average.

3. PM10 - 10 mg/m3, 24-hour average.

3m. PM2.5 - 0 mg/m3.

Note: In accordance with Sierra Club v. EPA, 706 F.3d 428 (D.C. Cir. 2013), no exemption is available with regard to PM2.5.

4. Sulfur dioxide - 13 mg/m3, 24-hour average.

5. Ozone.

Note: No de minimis air quality level is provided for ozone. However, any source with a net increase of 100 tons per year or more of volatile organic compounds or nitrogen oxides subject to regulation under this chapter would be required to perform an ambient impact analysis, including the gathering of ambient air quality data.

6. Lead - 0.10 mg/m3, 3-month average.

7. Mercury - 0.25 mg/m3, 24-hour average.

8. Beryllium - 0.0010 mg/m3, 24-hour average.

9. Fluorides - 0.25mg/m3, 24-hour average.

10. Vinyl chloride - 15 mg/m3, 24-hour average.

11. Total reduced sulfur - 10 mg/m3, 1-hour average.

12. Hydrogen sulfide - 0.20 mg/m3, 1-hour average.

13. Reduced sulfur compounds - 10 mg/m3, 1-hour average.

(b) The concentrations of the air contaminant in the area that the source or modification would affect are less than the concentrations listed in par. (a).

(c) The air contaminant is not listed in par. (a).

Note: The advance notice requirement for relocation of a portable source in the federal regulations (not less than 10 days advance notice) has been changed to not less than 30 days in sub. (4) (b).

(9)

(a) Beginning January 2, 2011, emissions of greenhouse gases at a stationary source shall only be subject to regulation under the Act if the stationary source is any of the following:

1m. A new major stationary source for a regulated NSR contaminant other than GHG, which will emit or will have the potential to emit 75,000 tpy or more of GHG on a carbon dioxide equivalent basis.

2m. An existing major stationary source for a regulated NSR contaminant other than GHG, which will have an emissions increase of a regulated NSR contaminant other than GHG, and an emissions increase of 75,000 tpy or more of GHG on a carbon dioxide equivalent basis.

Note: The department intends to regulate GHG consistent with the 40 CFR 51.166 (June 3, 2010). In the event of litigation or congressional action which impacts the federal regulations, the department will commence rulemaking to remain consistent with the resulting federal regulations.

(b) For purposes of this subsection, emissions of GHG on a carbon dioxide equivalent basis shall be determined by multiplying the mass amount of emissions, in tons per year, for each of the constituent gases in the pollutant GHG by the associated global warming potential for the gas in Table B, and then summing the products obtained. - See PDF for table

Table B

Global Warming Potentials (GWP)

  

Greenhouse Gas (a)

Chemical Abstract

Service Number1

(b)

Chemical Formula (c)

GWP (d)

1.

Carbon dioxide

124-38-9

CO2

1

2.

Methane

74-82-8

CH4

21

3.

Nitrous oxide

10024-97-2

N2O

310

4.

HFC-23

75-46-7

CHF3

11,700

5.

HFC-32

75-10-5

CH2F2

650

6.

HFC-41

593-53-3

CH3F

150

7.

HFC-125

354-33-6

C2HF5

2,800

8.

HFC-134

359-35-3

C2H2F4

1,000

9.

HFC-134a

811-97-2

CH2FCF3

1,300

10.

HFC-143

430-66-0

C2H3F3

300

11.

HFC-143a

420-46-2

C2H3F3

3,800

12.

HFC-152

624-72-6

CH2FCH2F

53

13.

HFC-152a

75-37-6

CH3CHF2

140

14.

HFC-161

353-36-6

CH3CH2F

12

15.

HFC-227ea

431-89-0

C3HF7

2,900

16.

HFC-236cb

677-56-5

CH2FCF2CF3

1,340

17.

HFC-236ea

431-63-0

CHF2CHFCF3

1,370

18.

HFC-236fa

690-39-1

C3H2F6

6,300

19.

HFC-245ca

679-86-7

C3H3F5

560

20.

HFC-245fa

460-73-1

CHF2CH2CF3

1,030

21.

HFC-365mfc

406-58-6

CH3CF2CH2CF3

794

22.

HFC-43-10mee

138495-42-8

CF3CFHCFHCF2CF3

1,300

23.

Sulfur hexafluoride

2551-62-4

SF6

23,900

24.

Trifluoromethyl sulphur pentafluoride

373-80-8

SF5CF3

17,700

25.

Nitrogen trifluoride

7783-54-2

NF3

17,200

26.

PFC-14 (Perfluoromethane)

75-73-0

CF4

6,500

27.

PFC-116 (Perfluoroethane)

76-16-4

C2F6

9,200

28.

PFC-218 (Perfluoropropane)

76-19-7

C3F8

7,000

29.

Perfluorocyclopropane

931-91-9

C-C3F6

17,340

30.

PFC-3-1-10 (Perfluorobutane)

355-25-9

C4F10

7,000

31.

Perfluorocyclobutane

115-25-3

C-C4F8

8,700

32.

PFC-4-1-12 (Perfluoropentane)

678-26-2

C5F12

7,500

33.

PFC-5-1-14 (Perfluorohexane)

355-42-0

C6F14

7,400

34.

PFC-9-1-18

306-94-5

C10F18

7,500

35.

HCFE-235da2 (Isoflurane)

26675-46-7

CHF2OCHClCF3

350

36.

HFE-43-10pccc (H-Galden 1040x)

E1730133

CHF2OCF2OC2F4OCHF2

1,870

37.

HFE-125

3822-68-2

CHF2OCF3

14,900

38.

HFE-134

1691-17-4

CHF2OCHF2

6,320

39.

HFE-143a

421-14-7

CH3OCF3

756

40.

HFE-227ea

2356-62-9

CF3CHFOCF3

1,540

41.

HFE-236ca12 (HG-10)

78522-47-1

CHF2OCF2OCHF2

2,800

42.

HFE-236ea2 (Desflurane)

57041-67-5

CHF2OCHFCF3

989

43.

HFE-236fa

20193-67-3

CF3CH2OCF3

487

44.

HFE-245cb2

22410-44-2

CH3OCF2CF3

708

45.

HFE-245fa1

84011-15-4

CHF2CH2OCF3

286

46.

HFE-245fa2

1885-48-9

CHF2OCH2CF3

659

47.

HFE-254cb2

425-88-7

CH3OCF2CHF2

359

48.

HFE-263fb2

460-43-5

CF3CH2OCH3

11

49.

HFE-329mcc2

67490-36-2

CF3CF2OCF2CHF2

919

50.

HFE-338mcf2

156053-88-2

CF3CF2OCH2CF3

552

51

HFE-338pcc13 (HG-01)

188690-78-0

CHF2OCF2CF2OCHF2

1,500

52.

HFE-347mcc3

28523-86-6

CH3OCF2CF2CF3

575

53.

HFE-347mcf2

E1730135

CF3CF2OCH2CHF2

374

54.

HFE-347pcf2

406-78-0

CHF2CF2OCH2CF3

580

55.

HFE-356mec3

382-34-3

CH3OCF2CHFCF3

101

56.

HFE-356pcc3

160620-20-2

CH3OCF2CF2CHF2

110

57.

HFE-356pcf2

E1730137

CHF2CH2OCF2CHF2

265

58.

HFE-356pcf3

35042-99-0

CHF2OCH2CF2CHF2

502

59.

HFE-365mcf3

378-16-5

CF3CF2CH2OCH3

11

60.

HFE-374pc2

512-51-6

CH3CH2OCF2CHF2

557

61.

HFE-449sl (HFE-7100) Chemical blend

163702-07-6 163702-08-7

C4F9OCH3 (CF3)2CFCF2OCH3

297

62.

HFE-569sf2 (HFE-7200) Chemical blend

163702-05-4 163702-06-5

C4F9OC2H5 (CF3)2CFCF2OC2H5

59

63.

Sevoflurane

28523-86-6

CH2FOCH(CF3)2

345

64.

HFE-356mm1

13171-18-1

(CF3)2CHOCH3

27

65.

HFE-338mmz1

26103-08-2

CHF2OCH(CF3)2

380

66.

(Octafluorotetramethylene) hydroxy-methyl group

NA

X-(CF2)4CH(OH)-X

73

67.

HFE-347mmy1

22052-84-2

CH3OCF(CF3)2

343

68.

Bis (trifluoromethyl)-methanol

920-66-1

(CF3)2CHOH

195

69.

2,2,3,3,3-pentafluoropropanol

422-05-9

CF3CF2CH2OH

42

70.

PFPMIE

NA

CF3OCF(CF3)CF2OCF2OCF3

10,300

1 The Chemical Abstract Service or CAS numbers refer to the unique chemical abstracts service registry number assigned to a specific chemical, isomer or mixture of chemicals or isomers and recorded in the CAS chemical registry system by the Chemical Abstracts Service, PO Box 3012, Columbus OH 42310, phone: 1-614-447-3600.

(Cr. Register, January, 1987, No. 373, eff. 2-1-87; corrections in (6) to (8) made under s. 13.93(2m) (b) 7, Stats., Register, April, 1988, No. 388; am. (8) (a) 3., Register, April, 1995, No. 472, eff. 5-1-95; am. (1), (4) (intro.), (5) and (6), Register, December, 1995, No. 480, eff. 1-1-96; am. (3), (5), (8) (intro.), (a) 6., 8, 12, renum. (4) (b) and (c) to be (4) (a) and (b) and am. (4) (a) 27., (b) (intro.), Register, December, 1996, No. 492, eff. 1-1-97; am. (8) (a) 9., Register, October, 1999, No. 526, eff. 11-1-99; CR 07-104: am. (4) (a) 20. Register July 2008 No. 631, eff. 8-1-08; CR 10-050: cr. (8) (a) 3m. Register November 2010 No. 659, eff. 12-1-10; EmR1046: emerg. cr. (9), eff. 12-15-10; CR 10-144: cr. (9) Register August 2011 No. 668, eff. 9-1-11. Amended by, 2015 Wis. Act 33: consol. (9) (a) (intro.) and (9) (a) 1. and renum. to (9) (a) (intro.) and am., renum. (9) (a) 1. a. and b. to (9) (a) 1m. and 2m., r. (9) (a) 2. Register July 2015 No. 715, eff. 8/1/2015. Amended by, CR 15-077: am. (8) (a) 3m. Register July 2016 No. 727, eff. 8/1/2016)

The GWPs in Table B are based upon the GWPs codified by the EPA at 40 CFR part 98, Subpart A, Table A-1, as of October 22, 2010.

The following state regulations pages link to this page.