18 U.S. Code § 4042 - Duties of Bureau of Prisons
 So in original. Probably should be “(6)”.
 So in original. Probably should be “(7)”.
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §§ 753a, 753b, (May 14, 1930, ch. 274, §§ 2, 3, 46 Stat. 325).
Minor changes were made in phraseology.
The Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(2), (3), is title I of Pub. L. 109–248, July 27, 2006, 120 Stat. 590, which was classified principally to subchapter I (§ 16901 et seq.) of chapter 151 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, prior to editorial reclassification as chapter 209 (§ 20901 et seq.) of Title 34, Crime Control and Law Enforcement. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 2006 Act note set out under section 10101 of Title 34 and Tables.
2010—Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 111–211, § 261(a)(1), inserted “, tribal,” after “State”.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 111–211, § 261(a)(2), substituted “officers of each State, tribal, and local jurisdiction” for “officer of the State and of the local jurisdiction”.
Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 111–211, § 261(a)(3)(A), substituted “officer of each State, tribal, and local jurisdiction” for “officer of the State and of the local jurisdiction”.
Subsec. (c)(1)(B). Pub. L. 111–211, § 261(a)(3)(B), inserted “, tribal,” after “State” in two places.
2008—Subsec. (a)(D), (E). Pub. L. 110–199 added pars. (D) and (E).
2006—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 109–248, § 141(g)(1), substituted “paragraph (3), or any other person in a category specified by the Attorney General,” for “paragraph (4)” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 109–248, § 141(g)(2), substituted “shall register as required by the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act” for “shall be subject to a registration requirement as a sex offender” in first sentence and “paragraph (3)” for “paragraph (4)” in fourth sentence.
Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 109–248, § 141(f), amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: “The Director of the Bureau of Prisons shall inform a person described in paragraph (4) who is released from prison that the person shall be subject to a registration requirement as a sex offender in any State in which the person resides, is employed, carries on a vocation, or is a student (as such terms are defined for purposes of section 170101(a)(3) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994), and the same information shall be provided to a person described in paragraph (4) who is sentenced to probation by the probation officer responsible for supervision of the person or in a manner specified by the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts.”
Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 109–248, § 141(h), struck out par. (4) which read as follows: “A person is described in this paragraph if the person was convicted of any of the following offenses (including such an offense prosecuted pursuant to section 1152 or 1153):
“(A) An offense under section 1201 involving a minor victim.
“(B) An offense under chapter 109A.
“(C) An offense under chapter 110.
“(D) An offense under chapter 117.
1997—Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 105–119, § 115(a)(8)(A)(i), substituted “subsections (b) and (c)” for “subsection (b)”.
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 105–119, § 115(a)(8)(A)(ii), struck out par. (4) which read as follows: “The notice provided under this section shall be used solely for law enforcement purposes.”
Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 105–119, § 115(a)(8)(A)(iv), added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d).
1994—Pub. L. 103–322 designated first par. of existing provisions as subsec. (a) and inserted heading, substituted “provide” for “Provide” and “; and” for period at end of par. (4), added par. (5) and subsec. (b), and designated second sentence of existing provisions as subsec. (c) and inserted heading.
1968—Pub. L. 90–371 added cl. (4).
Similar provisions were contained in the following appropriation acts:
Similar provisions were contained in the following appropriation acts:
Pub. L. 105–370, § 2(c), Nov. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 3375, which required the Attorney General to provide to States proposed guidelines related to infectious diseases in correctional institutions, was editorially reclassified as a note under section 60101 of Title 34, Crime Control and Law Enforcement.
Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies
A growing body of evidence suggests that the overuse of solitary confinement and other forms of restrictive housing in U.S. correctional systems undermines public safety and is contrary to our Nation’s values.
In July 2015, as part of my Administration’s ongoing efforts to pursue reforms that make the criminal justice system more fair and effective, I directed the Attorney General to undertake a comprehensive review of the overuse of solitary confinement across American prisons. Since that time, senior officials at the Department of Justice (DOJ) have met regularly to study the issue and develop strategies for reducing the use of this practice nationwide.
Those efforts gave rise to a final report transmitted to me on January 25, 2016 (DOJ Report and Recommendations Concerning the Use of Restrictive Housing) (the “DOJ Report”), that sets forth specific policy recommendations for DOJ with respect to the Federal Bureau of Prisons and other DOJ entities as well as more general guiding principles for all correctional systems.
As the DOJ Report makes clear, although occasions exist when correctional officials have no choice but to segregate inmates from the general population, this action has the potential to cause serious, long-lasting harm. The DOJ Report accordingly emphasizes the responsibility of Government to ensure that this practice is limited, applied with constraints, and used only as a measure of last resort.
Given the urgency and importance of this issue, it is critical that DOJ accelerate efforts to reduce the number of Federal inmates and detainees held in restrictive housing and that Federal correctional and detention systems be models for facilities across the United States. Therefore, by the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, and to address the overuse of solitary confinement in correctional and detention systems throughout the United States, I hereby direct as follows:
Section 1. Implementation of the DOJ Report. (a) DOJ shall promptly undertake to revise its regulations and policies, consistent with the direction of the Attorney General, to implement the policy recommendations in the DOJ Report concerning the use of restrictive housing. DOJ shall provide me with an update on the status of these efforts not later than 180 days after the date of this memorandum.
(b) Other executive departments and agencies (agencies) that impose restrictive housing shall review the DOJ Report to determine whether corresponding changes at their facilities should be made in light of the policy recommendations and guiding principles in the DOJ Report.
These other agencies shall report back to me not later than 180 days after the date of this memorandum on how they plan to address their use of restrictive housing.
Sec. 2. General Provisions. (a) This memorandum shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.
(b) Nothing in this memorandum shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:
(i) the authority granted by law to an executive department, agency, or the head thereof; or
(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.
(c) This memorandum is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
Sec. 3. Publication. The Attorney General is authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the Federal Register.
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