18 U.S. Code § 794. Gathering or delivering defense information to aid foreign government
The words “or induces or aids another” were omitted as unnecessary in view of definition of “principal” in section 2 of this title.
The conspiracy provision of said section 34 was also incorporated in section 2388 of this title.
Minor changes were made in phraseology.
Section 101(a) of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978, referred to in subsec. (a), is classified to section 1801(a) of Title 50, War and National Defense.
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 104–294, § 607(b), inserted at end “For the purposes of this subsection, the term ‘State’ includes a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, and any commonwealth, territory, or possession of the United States.”
1994—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–322, as amended by Pub. L. 104–294, § 604(b)(2), substituted for period at end “, except that the sentence of death shall not be imposed unless the jury or, if there is no jury, the court, further finds that the offense resulted in the identification by a foreign power (as defined in section 101(a) of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978) of an individual acting as an agent of the United States and consequently in the death of that individual, or directly concerned nuclear weaponry, military spacecraft or satellites, early warning systems, or other means of defense or retaliation against large-scale attack; war plans; communications intelligence or cryptographic information; or any other major weapons system or major element of defense strategy.”
Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 103–359 substituted “(p)” for “(o)” in two places.
1988—Subsec. (d)(4). Pub. L. 100–690 substituted “amounts” for “amount”.
1986—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 99–399 added subsec. (d).
1954—Act Sept. 3, 1954, increased the penalty for peacetime espionage and corrected a deficiency on the sentencing authority by increasing penalty to death or imprisonment for any term of years.
Temporary extension of section, see section 798 of this title.
Act June 30, 1953, ch. 175, § 7, 67 Stat. 133, repealed Joint Res. July 3, 1952, ch. 570, § 1(a)(29), 66 Stat. 333; Joint Res. Mar. 31, 1953, ch. 13, § 1, 67 Stat. 18, which had provided that this section should continue in force until six months after the termination of the National emergency proclaimed by 1950 Proc. No. 2914 which is set out as a note preceding section 1 of Title 50, War and National Defense.
Joint Res. July 3, 1952, ch. 570, § 6, 66 Stat. 334, repealed Joint Res. Apr. 14, 1952, ch. 204, 66 Stat. 54, as amended by Joint Res. May 28, 1952, ch. 339, 66 Stat. 96. Intermediate extensions by Joint Res. June 14, 1952, ch. 437, 66 Stat. 137, and Joint Res. June 30, 1952, ch. 526, 66 Stat. 296, which continued provisions until July 3, 1952, expired by their own terms.
Limitation period in connection with indictments for violating this section, see note set out under section 792 of this title.
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