21 U.S. Code § 360m - Accredited persons
(a) In general
(1) Review and classification of devices
Not later than 1 year after November 21, 1997, the Secretary shall, subject to paragraph (3), accredit persons for the purpose of reviewing reports submitted under section 360 (k) of this title and making recommendations to the Secretary regarding the initial classification of devices under section 360c (f)(1) of this title.
(2) Requirements regarding review
(A) In general
In making a recommendation to the Secretary under paragraph (1), an accredited person shall notify the Secretary in writing of the reasons for the recommendation.
(B) Time period for review
Not later than 30 days after the date on which the Secretary is notified under subparagraph (A) by an accredited person with respect to a recommendation of an initial classification of a device, the Secretary shall make a determination with respect to the initial classification.
(C) Special rule
The Secretary may change the initial classification under section 360c (f)(1) of this title that is recommended under paragraph (1) by an accredited person, and in such case shall provide to such person, and the person who submitted the report under section 360 (k) of this title for the device, a statement explaining in detail the reasons for the change.
(3) Certain devices
(A) In general
An accredited person may not be used to perform a review of—
(ii) a class II device which is intended to be permanently implantable or life sustaining or life supporting; or
(iii) a class II device which requires clinical data in the report submitted under section 360 (k) of this title for the device, except that the number of class II devices to which the Secretary applies this clause for a year, less the number of such reports to which clauses (i) and (ii) apply, may not exceed 6 percent of the number that is equal to the total number of reports submitted to the Secretary under such section for such year less the number of such reports to which such clauses apply for such year.
In determining for a year the ratio described in subparagraph (A)(iii), the Secretary shall not include in the numerator class III devices that the Secretary reclassified into class II, and the Secretary shall include in the denominator class II devices for which reports under section 360 (k) of this title were not required to be submitted by reason of the operation of section 360 (m) of this title.
The Secretary shall provide for such accreditation through programs administered by the Food and Drug Administration, other government agencies, or by other qualified nongovernment organizations.
(A) In general
Not later than 180 days after November 21, 1997, the Secretary shall establish and publish in the Federal Register criteria to accredit or deny accreditation to persons who request to perform the duties specified in subsection (a) of this section. The Secretary shall respond to a request for accreditation within 60 days of the receipt of the request. The accreditation of such person shall specify the particular activities under subsection (a) of this section for which such person is accredited.
(B) Withdrawal of accreditation
The Secretary may suspend or withdraw accreditation of any person accredited under this paragraph, after providing notice and an opportunity for an informal hearing, when such person is substantially not in compliance with the requirements of this section or poses a threat to public health or fails to act in a manner that is consistent with the purposes of this section.
(C) Performance auditing
To ensure that persons accredited under this section will continue to meet the standards of accreditation, the Secretary shall—
(i) make onsite visits on a periodic basis to each accredited person to audit the performance of such person; and
(D) Annual report
The Secretary shall include in the annual report required under section 393 (g) of this title the names of all accredited persons and the particular activities under subsection (a) of this section for which each such person is accredited and the name of each accredited person whose accreditation has been withdrawn during the year.
(E) Periodic reaccreditation
(i) Period Subject to suspension or withdrawal under subparagraph (B), any accreditation under this section shall be valid for a period of 3 years after its issuance.
(ii) Response to reaccreditation request Upon the submission of a request by an accredited person for reaccreditation under this section, the Secretary shall approve or deny such request not later than 60 days after receipt of the request.
(iii) Criteria Not later than 120 days after July 9, 2012, the Secretary shall establish and publish in the Federal Register criteria to reaccredit or deny reaccreditation to persons under this section. The reaccreditation of persons under this section shall specify the particular activities under subsection (a), and the devices, for which such persons are reaccredited.
An accredited person shall, at a minimum, meet the following requirements:
(B) Such person shall be an independent organization which is not owned or controlled by a manufacturer, supplier, or vendor of devices and which has no organizational, material, or financial affiliation with such a manufacturer, supplier, or vendor.
(C) Such person shall be a legally constituted entity permitted to conduct the activities for which it seeks accreditation.
(E) The operations of such person shall be in accordance with generally accepted professional and ethical business practices and shall agree in writing that as a minimum it will—
(iv) promptly respond and attempt to resolve complaints regarding its activities for which it is accredited; and
(v) protect against the use, in carrying out subsection (a) of this section with respect to a device, of any officer or employee of the person who has a financial conflict of interest regarding the device, and annually make available to the public disclosures of the extent to which the person, and the officers and employees of the person, have maintained compliance with requirements under this clause relating to financial conflicts of interest.
(4) Selection of accredited persons
Not later than January 10, 2007, the Secretary shall conduct a study based on the experience under the program under this section and submit to the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate, a report describing the findings of the study. The objectives of the study shall include determining—
(2) the number of devices reviewed under this section that were ultimately cleared by the Secretary;
(3) the number of devices reviewed under this section that were ultimately not cleared by the Secretary;
(4) the average time period for a review under this section (including the time it takes for the Secretary to review a recommendation of an accredited person under subsection (a) of this section and determine the initial device classification);
(5) the average time period identified in paragraph (4) compared to the average time period for review of devices solely by the Secretary pursuant to section 360 (k) of this title;
(6) if there is a difference in the average time period under paragraph (4) and the average time period under paragraph (5), the reasons for such difference;
(7) whether the quality of reviews under this section for devices for which no guidance has been issued is qualitatively inferior to reviews by the Secretary for devices for which no guidance has been issued;
(8) whether the quality of reviews under this section of devices for which no guidance has been issued is qualitatively inferior to reviews under this section of devices for which guidance has been issued;
(10) any impact of this section on resources available to the Secretary to review reports under section 360 (k) of this title; and
Source(June 25, 1938, ch. 675, § 523, as added Pub. L. 105–115, title II, § 210(a),Nov. 21, 1997, 111 Stat. 2342; amended Pub. L. 107–250, title II, § 202,Oct. 26, 2002, 116 Stat. 1609; Pub. L. 110–85, title II, § 221,Sept. 27, 2007, 121 Stat. 852; Pub. L. 111–31, div. A, title I, § 103(f),June 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 1837; Pub. L. 112–144, title VI, § 611,July 9, 2012, 126 Stat. 1059.)
2012—Subsec. (b)(2)(E). Pub. L. 112–144, § 611(a), added subpar. (E).
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 112–144, § 611(b), substituted “October 1, 2017” for “October 1, 2012”.
2009—Subsec. (b)(2)(D). Pub. L. 111–31made technical amendment to reference in original act which appears in text as reference to section 393 (g) of this title.
2007—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 110–85substituted “2012” for “2007”.
2002—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 107–250, § 202(1), substituted “The authority provided by this section terminates October 1, 2007.” for “The authority provided by this section terminates—
“(1) 5 years after the date on which the Secretary notifies Congress that at least 2 persons accredited under subsection (b) of this section are available to review at least 60 percent of the submissions under section 360 (k) of this title, or
“(2) 4 years after the date on which the Secretary notifies Congress that the Secretary has made a determination described in paragraph (2)(B) of subsection (a) of this section for at least 35 percent of the devices that are subject to review under paragraph (1) of such subsection,whichever occurs first.”
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107–250, § 202(2), added subsec. (d).
Section effective 90 days after Nov. 21, 1997, except as otherwise provided, see section 501 ofPub. L. 105–115, set out as a note under section 321 of this title.
Reports on Program of Accreditation
“(1) Comptroller general.—
“(A) Implementation of program.—Not later than 5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 21, 1997], the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the Committee on Commerce [now Committee on Energy and Commerce] of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Labor and Human Resources [now Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions] of the Senate a report describing the extent to which the program of accreditation required by the amendment made by subsection (a) [enacting this section] has been implemented.
“(B) Evaluation of program.—Not later than 6 months prior to the date on which, pursuant to subsection (c) ofsection 523 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act [21 U.S.C. 360m (c)] (as added by subsection (a)), the authority provided under subsection (a) of such section will terminate, the Comptroller General shall submit to the Committee on Commerce [now Committee on Energy and Commerce] of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Labor and Human Resources [now Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions] of the Senate a report describing the use of accredited persons under such section 523, including an evaluation of the extent to which such use assisted the Secretary in carrying out the duties of the Secretary under such Act [21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.] with respect to devices, and the extent to which such use promoted actions which are contrary to the purposes of such Act.
“(2) Inclusion of certain devices within program.—Not later than 3 years after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 21, 1997], the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall submit to the Committee on Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Labor and Human Resources [now Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions] of the Senate a report providing a determination by the Secretary of whether, in the program of accreditation established pursuant to the amendment made by subsection (a), the limitation established in clause (iii) of section 523(a)(3)(A) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act [21 U.S.C. 360m (a)(3)(A)] (relating to class II devices for which clinical data are required in reports under section 510 (k) [21 U.S.C. 360 (k)]) should be removed.”