References in Text
Section 2708 of this title, referred to in subsec. (a)(2)(B)(xi), was amended generally by Pub. L. 105–323, title I, § 101, Oct. 30, 1998, 112 Stat. 3029, and, as so amended, provisions authorizing awards, formerly contained in section 2708(a), are now contained in section 2708(b).
The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, referred to in subsec. (a)(2)(G), is Pub. L. 87–195, Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 424. Chapter 8 of part II of the Act is classified generally to part VIII (§ 2349aa et seq.) of subchapter II of chapter 32 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2151 of this title and Tables.
2002—Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 107–228 inserted “Voice of America correspondents on official assignment and” after “abroad (other than”.
1994—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–415 substituted “operation” for “operations” in par. (2)(B)(i).
Pub. L. 103–236 designated existing provisions as par. (1), redesignated former pars. (1) to (4) as subpars. (A) to (D), respectively, and added par. (2).
1990—Subsecs. (b) to (d). Pub. L. 101–246 added subsec. (b) and redesignated former subsecs. (b) and (c) as (c) and (d), respectively.
1988—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 100–461 inserted “or regional inspector general offices under the jurisdiction of the inspector General, Agency for International Development” after “commander”, and substituted a period for “; and” at end.
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 100–461 struck out par. (3) which read as follows: “establish, notwithstanding any other provision of law, appropriate overseas staffing levels of the Regional Offices of the Inspector General of the Agency for International Development in effective consultation with the Inspector General of the Agency: Provided, That the authority of the Secretary of State shall be exercised only by the Secretary and shall not be delegated to a subordinate officer of the Department of State: Provided further, That the Inspector General must report to the appropriate committees of both Houses of the Congress within thirty days the denial by the Secretary of State of a request by the Inspector General to increase or reduce an existing position level of a regional office: Provided further, That the total number of positions authorized for the Office of the Inspector General in Washington and overseas shall be determined by the Inspector General within the limitation of the appropriations level provided.”
1987—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 100–202 added par. (3).
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 103–236 applicable with respect to officials, offices, and bureaus of Department of State when executive orders, regulations, or departmental directives implementing the amendments by sections 161 and 162 of Pub. L. 103–236 become effective, or 90 days after Apr. 30, 1994, whichever comes earlier, see section 161(b) of Pub. L. 103–236, as amended, set out as a note under section 2651a of this title.
Overseas Security Briefings
Pub. L. 117–81, div. E, title LII, § 5210, Dec. 27, 2021, 135 Stat. 2358, provided that:
“Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 27, 2021], the Secretary of State shall revise the Foreign Affairs Manual to stipulate that information on the current threat environment shall be provided to all United States Government employees under chief of mission authority traveling to a foreign country on official business. To the extent practicable, such material shall be provided to such employees prior to their arrival at a United States diplomatic post or as soon as possible thereafter.”
Pub. L. 114–323, title I, § 103, Dec. 16, 2016, 130 Stat. 1909, provided that:
“The Assistant Secretary for Diplomatic Security shall report directly to the Secretary [of State], without being required to obtain the approval or concurrence of any other official of the Department [of State], as threats and circumstances require.”
Marine Corps Security Guard Program
Pub. L. 114–323, title I, § 131, Dec. 16, 2016, 130 Stat. 1914, provided that:
“(a) In General.—Pursuant to the responsibility of the Secretary [of State] for diplomatic security under section 103 of the Diplomatic Security Act (22 U.S.C. 4802; enacted as part of the Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986 (Public Law 99–399)), the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall conduct an annual review of the Marine Corps Security Guard Program, including the following:
An evaluation of whether the size and composition of the Marine Corps Security Guard Program is adequate to meet global diplomatic security requirements.
An assessment of whether the Marine Corps security guards are appropriately deployed among United States embassies, consulates, and other diplomatic facilities to respond to evolving security developments and potential threats to United States interests abroad.
An assessment of the mission objectives of the Marine Corps Security Guard Program and the procedural rules of engagement to protect diplomatic personnel under the Program.
“(b) Reporting Requirement.—
Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 16, 2016] and annually thereafter for 3 years, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, shall submit to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate an unclassified report, with a classified annex as necessary, that addresses the requirements specified in subsection (a).”
Congressional Notification and Briefing Requirement on Ordered Evacuations of United States Embassies and Consulates Involving Support Provided by the Department of Defense
Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title X, § 1091, Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 1018, provided that:
“(a) Notification Requirement.—
The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State shall provide notification to the appropriate congressional committees as soon as practicable upon the initiation of an ordered evacuation of a United States embassy or consulate involving support provided by the Department of Defense.
“(b) Briefing Requirement.—
The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State shall provide a briefing to the appropriate congressional committees not later than 15 days after the initiation of an ordered evacuation of a United States embassy or consulate involving support provided by the Department of Defense.
“(c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.—In this section, the term ‘appropriate congressional committees’ means—
the congressional defense committees [Committees on Armed Services and Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives]; and
the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.”
Personnel Security Program for Embassies in High Intelligence Threat Countries
Pub. L. 100–204, title I, § 155, Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1353, provided that:
“(a) Special Security Program.—The Secretary of State shall develop and implement, within three months after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 22, 1987], a special personnel security program for personnel of the Department of State assigned to United States diplomatic and consular posts in high intelligence threat countries who are responsible for security at those posts and for any individuals performing guard functions at those posts. Such program shall include—
selection criteria and screening to ensure suitability for assignment to high intelligence threat countries;
counterintelligence awareness and related training;
security reporting and command arrangements designed to counter intelligence threats; and
length of duty criteria and policies regarding rest and recuperative absences.
“(b) Report to Congress.—
Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this subsection [Dec. 22, 1987], the Secretary of State shall report to the Congress on the special personnel security program required by subsection (a).
“(c) Definition.—As used in subsection (a), the term ‘high intelligence threat country’ means—
any other country designated as a high intelligence threat country for purposes of this section by the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, the Director of Central Intelligence, or the Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.”
[Reference to the Director of Central Intelligence or the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency in the Director’s capacity as the head of the intelligence community deemed to be a reference to the Director of National Intelligence. Reference to the Director of Central Intelligence or the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency in the Director’s capacity as the head of the Central Intelligence Agency deemed to be a reference to the Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. See section 1081(a), (b) of Pub. L. 108–458, set out as a note under section 3001 of Title 50, War and National Defense.]