28 U.S. Code § 1605. General exceptions to the jurisdictional immunity of a foreign state
Rules 12(b)(6) and 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, referred to in subsec. (g)(4), are set out in the Appendix to this title.
2016—Subsec. (g)(1)(A). Pub. L. 114–222 inserted “or section 1605B” after “but for section 1605A”.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 114–319 added subsec. (h).
2008—Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 110–181, § 1083(b)(1)(A), struck out par. (7) which provided for lack of jurisdictional immunity in certain cases in which money damages were sought against a foreign state for personal injury or death caused by an act of torture, extrajudicial killing, aircraft sabotage, hostage taking, or the provision of material support or resources for such an act.
Subsecs. (e), (f). Pub. L. 110–181, § 1083(b)(1)(B), struck out subsecs. (e) and (f) which defined “torture”, “extrajudicial killing”, “hostage taking”, and “aircraft sabotage” and provided for a 10-year statute of limitations for actions brought under former subsec. (a)(7) of this section.
Subsec. (g)(1)(A). Pub. L. 110–181, § 1083(b)(1)(C), substituted “but for section 1605A” for “but for subsection (a)(7)”.
2001—Subsec. (a)(7)(A). Pub. L. 107–77, as amended by Pub. L. 107–117, inserted before semicolon “or the act is related to Case Number 1:00CV03110(EGS) in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia”.
1997—Subsec. (a)(7)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 105–11 substituted “neither the claimant nor the victim was” for “the claimant or victim was not”.
1996—Subsec. (a)(7). Pub. L. 104–132, § 221(a)(1), added par. (7).
Subsecs. (e) to (g). Pub. L. 104–132, § 221(a)(2), added subsecs. (e) to (g).
1990—Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 101–650 substituted “state” for “State” after “foreign”.
1988—Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 100–669 added par. (6).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 100–702, § 1(3), struck out at end “Whenever notice is delivered under subsection (b)(1) of this section, the maritime lien shall thereafter be deemed to be an in personam claim against the foreign state which at that time owns the vessel or cargo involved: Provided, That a court may not award judgment against the foreign state in an amount greater than the value of the vessel or cargo upon which the maritime lien arose, such value to be determined as of the time notice is served under subsection (b)(1) of this section.”
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 100–640, § 1(1), substituted “and if the vessel or cargo is arrested pursuant to process obtained on behalf of the party bringing the suit, the service of process of arrest shall be deemed to constitute valid delivery of such notice, but the party bringing the suit shall be liable for any damages sustained by the foreign state as a result of the arrest if the party bringing the suit had actual or constructive knowledge that the vessel or cargo of a foreign state was involved” for “but such notice shall not be deemed to have been delivered, nor may it thereafter be delivered, if the vessel or cargo is arrested pursuant to process obtained on behalf of the party bringing the suit—unless the party was unaware that the vessel or cargo of a foreign state was involved, in which event the service of process of arrest shall be deemed to constitute valid delivery of such notice”.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 100–640, § 1(2), substituted “paragraph (1) of this subsection” for “subsection (b)(1) of this section”.
Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 100–702, § 1(3), added subsecs. (c) and (d).
Amendment by Pub. L. 114–222 applicable to any civil action pending on, or commenced on or after, Sept. 28, 2016, and arising out of an injury to a person, property, or business on or after Sept. 11, 2001, see section 7 of Pub. L. 114–222, set out as a note under section 2333 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.
Pub. L. 105–11 provided that the amendment made by that Act was effective with respect to any cause of action arising before, on, or after Apr. 25, 1997.
Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, § 101(c) [title V, § 589], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–121, 3009–172, provided that: