40 U.S. Code § 1303 - Disposition of surplus real property

§ 1303.
Disposition of surplus real property
(a)Definition.—
In this section, the term “federal agency” means an executive department, independent establishment, commission, board, bureau, division, or office in the executive branch, or other agency of the Federal Government, including wholly owned Government corporations.
(b) Assignment of Space or Lease or Sale of Property.—
(1)Actions of administrator.—When the President, on the recommendation of the Administrator of General Services, or the federal agency having control of any real property the agency acquires that is located outside of the District of Columbia, other than military or naval reservations, declares the property to be surplus to the needs of the agency, the Administrator—
(A)
may assign space in the property to any federal agency;
(B)
pending a sale, may lease the property for not more than 5 years and on terms the Administrator considers to be in the public interest; or
(C)
may sell the property at public sale to the highest responsible bidder on terms and after public advertisement that the Administrator considers to be in the public interest.
(2)Review of decision to assign space.—
If the federal agency to which space is assigned does not desire to occupy the space, the decision of the Administrator under paragraph (1)(A) is subject to review by the President.
(3)Negotiated sale.—
If no bids which are satisfactory as to price and responsibility of the bidder are received as a result of public advertisement, the Administrator may sell the property by negotiation, on terms as may be considered to be to the best interest of the Government, but at a price not less than that bid by the highest responsible bidder.
(c)Demolition.—
The Administrator may demolish any building declared to be surplus to the needs of the Government under this section on deciding that demolition will be in the best interest of the Government. Before proceeding with the demolition, the Administrator shall inform the Secretary of the Interior in writing of the Administrator’s intention to demolish the building, and shall not proceed with the demolition until receiving written notice from the Secretary that the building is not an historic building of national significance within the meaning of chapter 3201 of title 54. If the Secretary does not notify the Administrator of the Secretary’s decision as to whether the building is an historic building of national significance within 90 days of the receipt of the notice of intention to demolish the building, the Administrator may proceed to demolish the building.
(d)Repairs and Alterations to Assigned Real Property.—
When the Administrator, after investigation, decides that real property referred to in subsection (b) should be used for the accommodation of a federal agency, the Administrator may make any repairs or alterations that the Administrator considers necessary or advisable and may maintain and operate the property.
(e) Payment by Federal Agencies.—
(1)Assigned real property.—
To the extent that the appropriations of the General Services Administration not otherwise allocated are inadequate for repairs, alterations, maintenance, or operation, the Administrator may require each federal agency to which space has been assigned to pay promptly by check to the Administrator out of its appropriation for rent any part of the estimated or actual cost of the repairs, alterations, maintenance, and operation. Payment may be either in advance of, or on or during, occupancy of the space. The Administrator shall determine and equitably apportion the total amount to be paid among the agencies to whom space has been assigned.
(2)Leased spaces.—
To the extent that the appropriations of the Administration not otherwise required are inadequate, the Administrator may require each federal agency to which leased space has been assigned to pay promptly by check to the Administrator out of its available appropriations any part of the estimated cost of rent, repairs, alterations, maintenance, operation, and moving. Payment may be either in advance or during occupancy of the space. When space in a building is occupied by two or more agencies, the Administrator shall determine and equitably apportion rental, operation, and other charges on the basis of the total amount of space leased.
(f)Authorization of Appropriations.—
Necessary amounts may be appropriated to cover the costs incident to the sale or lease of real property, or authorized demolition of buildings on the property, declared to be surplus to the needs of any federal agency under this section, and the care, maintenance, and protection of the property, including pay of employees, travel of Government employees, brokers’ fees not in excess of rates paid for similar services in the community where the property is situated, appraisals, photographs, surveys, evidence of title and perfecting of defective titles, advertising, and telephone and telegraph charges. However, the agency remains responsible for the proper care, maintenance, and protection of the property until the Administrator assumes custody or other disposition of the property is made.
(g)Regulations.—
The Administrator may prescribe regulations as necessary to carry out this section.
(Pub. L. 107–217, Aug. 21, 2002, 116 Stat. 1131; Pub. L. 113–287, § 5(j)(3), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3269.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)

1303(a)

40:304e.

Aug. 27, 1935, ch. 744, § 5, 49 Stat. 886.

1303(b)

40:304a.

Aug. 27, 1935, ch. 744, § 1, 49 Stat. 885; July 18, 1940, ch. 635, §§ 1, 3, 54 Stat. 764, 765.

1303(c)

40:304a–2.

Aug. 27, 1935, ch. 744, §§ 6, 7, as added July 18, 1940, ch. 635, § 2, 54 Stat. 764.

1303(d)

40:304b (1st sentence).

Aug. 27, 1935, ch. 744, § 2, 49 Stat. 886; July 18, 1940, ch. 635, § 3, 54 Stat. 765; June 14, 1946, ch. 404, § 4, 60 Stat. 257.

1303(e)(1)

40:304b (last sentence).

1303(e)(2)

40:304c.

Aug. 27, 1935, ch. 744, § 3, 49 Stat. 886; July 18, 1940, ch. 635, § 3, 54 Stat. 765; June 14, 1946, ch. 404, § 4, 60 Stat. 257; Pub. L. 85–493, § 2, July 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 294.

1303(f)

40:304a–1.

1303(g)

40:304d.

Aug. 27, 1935, ch. 744, § 4, 49 Stat. 886; July 18, 1940, ch. 635, § 3, 54 Stat. 765.

In this chapter, the words “Administrator of General Services” are substituted for “Federal Works Administrator” and “Commissioner of Public Buildings” because of section 103(a) of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (ch. 288, 63 Stat. 380), which is restated as section 303(c) [303(b)] of the revised title.

In subsection (a), the words “wholly owned Government corporations” are substituted for “corporations wholly owned by the United States” for consistency in the revised title and with other titles of the United States Code.

In subsection (b)(1), before subclause (A), the words “Notwithstanding any other provision of law”, “heretofore or hereafter”, and “by judicial process or otherwise in the collection of debts, purchase, donation, condemnation, devise, forfeiture, lease, or in any other manner” are omitted as unnecessary. In subclause (A), the words “or reassign” are omitted as unnecessary.

In subsection (e), the words “General Services Administration”, “Administrator”, and “Administration” are substituted for “Public Buildings Administration” because of section 103(a) of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (ch. 288, 63 Stat. 380), which is restated as section 303(c) [303(b)] of the revised title.

In subsection (f), the words “as hereinafter” are omitted as obsolete. The words “which have been or may hereafter be” and “notwithstanding any declaration that the same is in excess of its needs” are omitted as unnecessary.

Amendments

2014—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 113–287 substituted “chapter 3201 of title 54” for “the Act of August 21, 1935 (16 U.S.C. 461 et seq.) (known as the Historic Sites, Buildings, and Antiquities Act)”.

Federal Assets Sale and Transfer

Pub. L. 114–287, Dec. 16, 2016, 130 Stat. 1463, as amended by Pub. L. 114–318, § 7(b), (d), Dec. 16, 2016, 130 Stat. 1616, 1617, provided that:

“SECTION 1.
SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
“(a)Short Title.—
This Act may be cited as the ‘Federal Assets Sale and Transfer Act of 2016’.
“(b)Table of Contents.—
[Omitted.]
“SEC. 2.
PURPOSES.
“The purpose of this Act is to reduce the costs of Federal real estate by—
“(1)
consolidating the footprint of Federal buildings and facilities;
“(2)
maximizing the utilization rate of Federal buildings and facilities;
“(3)
reducing the reliance on leased space;
“(4)
selling or redeveloping high value assets that are underutilized to obtain the highest and best value for the taxpayer and maximize the return to the taxpayer;
“(5)
reducing the operating and maintenance costs of Federal civilian real properties;
“(6)
reducing redundancy, overlap, and costs associated with field offices;
“(7)
creating incentives for Federal agencies to achieve greater efficiency in their inventories of civilian real property;
“(8)
facilitating and expediting the sale or disposal of unneeded Federal civilian real properties;
“(9)
improving the efficiency of real property transfers for the provision of services to the homeless; and
“(10)
assisting Federal agencies in achieving the Government’s sustainability goals by reducing excess space, inventory, and energy consumption, as well as by leveraging new technologies.
“SEC. 3.
DEFINITIONS.
“In this Act, unless otherwise expressly stated, the following definitions apply:
“(1)Administrator.—
The term ‘Administrator’ means the Administrator of General Services.
“(2)Board.—
The term ‘Board’ means the Public Buildings Reform Board established by section 4.
“(3)CERCLA.—
The term ‘CERCLA’ means the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.).
“(4)Federal agency.—
The term ‘Federal agency’ means an executive department or independent establishment in the executive branch of the Government, and a wholly owned Government corporation.
“(5) Federal civilian real property and civilian real property.—
“(A)In general.—
The terms ‘Federal civilian real property’ and ‘civilian real property’ refer to Federal real property assets, including public buildings as defined in section 3301(a) of title 40, United States Code, occupied and improved grounds, leased space, or other physical structures under the custody and control of any Federal agency.
“(B)Exclusions.—Subparagraph (A) shall not be construed as including any of the following types of property:
“(i)
Properties that are on military installations (including any fort, camp, post, naval training station, airfield proving ground, military supply depot, military school, or any similar facility of the Department of Defense).
“(ii)
A base, camp, post, station, yard, center, or homeport facility for any ship or activity under the jurisdiction of the Coast Guard.
“(iii)
Properties that are excluded for reasons of national security by the Director of the Office of Management and Budget.
“(iv)
Properties that are excepted from the definition of the term ‘property’ under section 102 of title 40, United States Code.
“(v) Indian and Native Alaskan properties, including—
     “(I)
any property within the limits of an Indian reservation to which the United States owns title for the benefit of an Indian tribe; and
     “(II)
any property title that is held in trust by the United States for the benefit of an Indian tribe or individual or held by an Indian tribe or individual subject to restriction by the United States against alienation.
“(vi)
Properties operated and maintained by the Tennessee Valley Authority pursuant to the Tennessee Valley Authority Act of 1933 (16 U.S.C. 831 et seq.).
“(vii)
Postal properties owned by the United States Postal Service.
“(viii)
Properties used in connection with Federal programs for agricultural, recreational, or conservation purposes, including research in connection with the programs.
“(ix)
Properties used in connection with river, harbor, flood control, reclamation, or power projects.
“(x)
Properties located outside the United States operated or maintained by the Department of State or the United States Agency for International Development.
“(6)Field office.—
The term ‘field office’ means any Federal office that is not the headquarters office location for the Federal agency.
“(7)HUD.—
The term ‘HUD’ means the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
“(8)OMB.—
The term ‘OMB’ means the Office of Management and Budget.
“(9)Value of transactions.—
The term ‘value of transactions’ means the sum of the estimated proceeds and estimated costs, based on the accounting system developed or identified under section 12(e), associated with the transactions included in Board recommendations.
“SEC. 4.
BOARD.
“(a)Establishment.—
There is established an independent board to be known as the Public Buildings Reform Board.
“(b)Duties.—
The Board shall carry out the duties as specified in this Act.
“(c) Membership.—
“(1)In general.—
The Board shall be composed of a Chairperson appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and 6 members appointed by the President.
“(2) Appointments.—
“(A)In general.—In selecting individuals for appointments to the Board, the President shall appoint members in the following manner:
“(i)
Two members recommended by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
“(ii)
Two members recommended by the majority leader of the Senate.
“(iii)
One member recommended by the minority leader of the House of Representatives.
“(iv)
One member recommended by the minority leader of the Senate.
“(B)Deadline.—
The appointment of members to the Board shall be made not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 16, 2016].
“(3)Terms.—
The term for each member of the Board shall be 6 years.
“(4)Vacancies.—
Vacancies shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment.
“(5)Qualifications.—In selecting individuals for appointment to the Board, the President shall ensure that the Board contains individuals with expertise representative of the following:
“(A)
Commercial real estate and redevelopment.
“(B)
Space optimization and utilization.
“(C)
Community development, including transportation and planning.
“SEC. 5.
BOARD MEETINGS.
“(a)Open Meetings.—
Each meeting of the Board, other than meetings in which classified information is to be discussed, shall be open to the public. Any open meeting shall be announced in the Federal Register and the Federal Web site established by the Board at least 14 calendar days in advance of a meeting. For all public meetings, the Board shall release an agenda and a listing of materials relevant to the topics to be discussed.
“(b)Quorum and Meetings.—
Five Board members shall constitute a quorum for the purposes of conducting business and three or more Board members shall constitute a meeting of the Board.
“(c)Transparency of Information.—All the proceedings, information, and deliberations of the Board shall be open, upon request, to the Chairperson and ranking minority party member, and their respective subcommittee Chairperson and subcommittee ranking minority party member, of—
“(1)
the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives;
“(2)
the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives;
“(3)
the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate;
“(4)
the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate; and
“(5)
the Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
“(d)Government Accountability Office.—
All proceedings, information, and deliberations of the Board shall be open, upon request, to the Comptroller General of the United States.
“SEC. 6.
COMPENSATION AND TRAVEL EXPENSES.
“(a) Compensation.—
“(1)Rate of pay for members.—
Each member, other than the Chairperson, shall be paid at a rate equal to the daily equivalent of the minimum annual rate of basic pay payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, for each day (including travel time) during which the member is engaged in the actual performance of duties vested in the Board.
“(2)Rate of pay for chairperson.—
The Chairperson shall be paid for each day referred to in paragraph (1) at a rate equal to the daily equivalent of the minimum annual rate of basic pay payable for level III of the Executive Schedule under section 5314 of title 5, United States Code.
“(b)Travel.—
Members shall receive travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance with sections 5702 and 5703 of title 5, United States Code.
“SEC. 7.
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR.
“(a)Appointment.—
The Board shall appoint an Executive Director, who may be appointed without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, governing appointments in the competitive service.
“(b)Rate of Pay.—
The Executive Director shall be paid at the rate of basic pay payable for level IV of the Executive Schedule under section 5315 of title 5, United States Code.
“SEC. 8.
STAFF.
“(a)Additional Personnel.—
Subject to subsection (b), the Executive Director may request additional personnel detailed from Federal agencies.
“(b)Requests for Detail Employees.—
Upon request of the Executive Director and approval of the Board and the Director of OMB, the head of any Federal agency shall detail the requested personnel of that agency to the Board to assist the Board in carrying out its duties under this Act.
“(c)Qualifications.—
Appointments shall be made with consideration of a balance of expertise consistent with the qualifications of representatives described in section 4(c)(5).
“SEC. 9.
CONTRACTING AUTHORITY.
“(a)Experts and Consultants.—
The Board, to the extent practicable and subject to appropriations Acts, shall use contracts, including nonappropriated contracts, entered into by the Administrator for services necessary to carry out the duties of the Board.
“(b)Office Space.—
The Administrator, in consultation with the Board, shall identify and provide, without charge, suitable office space within the existing Federal space inventory to house the operations of the Board.
“(c)Personal Property.—
The Board shall use personal property already in the custody and control of the Administrator.
“SEC. 10.
TERMINATION.

“The Board shall cease operations and terminate 6 years after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 16, 2016].

“SEC. 11.
DEVELOPMENT OF RECOMMENDATIONS TO BOARD.
“(a)Submissions of Agency Information and Recommendations.—Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, and not later than 120 days after the first day of each fiscal year thereafter until the termination of the Board, the head of each Federal agency shall submit to the Administrator and the Director of OMB the following:
“(1)Current data.—
Current data of all Federal civilian real properties owned, leased, or controlled by the agency, including all relevant information prescribed by the Administrator and the Director of OMB, including data related to the age and condition of the property, operating costs, history of capital expenditures, sustainability metrics, number of Federal employees and functions housed in the respective property, and square footage (including gross, rentable, and usable).
“(2)Agency recommendations.—Recommendations of the agency on the following:
“(A)
Federal civilian real properties that can be sold for proceeds or otherwise disposed of, reported as excess, declared surplus, outleased, or otherwise no longer meeting the needs of the agency, excluding leasebacks or other such exchange agreements where the property continues to be used by the agency.
“(B)
Federal civilian real properties that can be transferred, exchanged, consolidated, co-located, reconfigured, or redeveloped, so as to reduce the civilian real property inventory, reduce the operating costs of the Government, and create the highest value and return for the taxpayer.
“(C)
Operational efficiencies that the Government can realize in its operation and maintenance of Federal civilian real properties.
“(b) Standards and Criteria.—
“(1)Development of standards and criteria.—Not later than 60 days after the deadline for submissions of agency recommendations under subsection (a), the Director of OMB, in consultation with the Administrator, shall—
“(A)
review the agency recommendations;
“(B)
develop consistent standards and criteria against which the agency recommendations will be reviewed; and
“(C)
submit to the Board the recommendations developed pursuant to paragraph (2).
“(2)Recommendations to board.—
The Director of OMB and the Administrator shall jointly develop recommendations to the Board based on the standards and criteria developed under paragraph (1).
“(3)Factors.—In developing the standards and criteria under paragraph (1), the Director of OMB, in consultation with the Administrator, shall incorporate the following factors:
“(A)
The extent to which the civilian real property could be sold (including property that is no longer meeting the needs of the Government), redeveloped, outleased, or otherwise used to produce the highest and best value and return for the taxpayer.
“(B)
The extent to which the operating and maintenance costs are reduced through consolidating, co-locating, and reconfiguring space, and through realizing other operational efficiencies.
“(C)
The extent to which the utilization rate is being maximized and is consistent with non-governmental industry standards for the given function or operation.
“(D)
The extent and timing of potential costs and savings, including the number of years, beginning with the date of completion of the proposed recommendation.
“(E)
The extent to which reliance on leasing for long-term space needs is reduced.
“(F)
The extent to which a civilian real property aligns with the current mission of the Federal agency.
“(G)
The extent to which there are opportunities to consolidate similar operations across multiple agencies or within agencies.
“(H)
The economic impact on existing communities in the vicinity of the civilian real property.
“(I)
The extent to which energy consumption is reduced.
“(J)
The extent to which public access to agency services is maintained or enhanced.
“(c)Special Rule for Utilization Rates.—
Standards developed by the Director of OMB pursuant to subsection (b) shall incorporate and apply clear standard utilization rates to the extent that such standard rates increase efficiency and provide performance data. The utilization rates shall be consistent throughout each applicable category of space and with nongovernment space utilization rates. To the extent the space utilization rate of a given agency exceeds the utilization rates to be applied under this subsection, the Director of OMB may recommend realignment, co-location, consolidation, or other type of action to improve space utilization.
“(d) Submission to Board.—
“(1)In general.—
The Director of OMB shall submit the standards, criteria, and recommendations developed pursuant to subsection (b) to the Board with all supporting information, data, analyses, and documentation.
“(2)Publication.—
The standards, criteria, and recommendations developed pursuant to subsection (b) shall be published in the Federal Register and transmitted to the committees listed in section 5(c) and to the Comptroller General of the United States.
“(3)Access to information.—
The Board shall also have access to all information pertaining to the recommendations developed pursuant to subsection (b), including supporting information, data, analyses, and documentation submitted pursuant to subsection (a). Upon request, a Federal agency shall provide to the Board any additional information pertaining to the civilian real properties under the custody, control, or administrative jurisdiction of the Federal agency. The Board shall notify the committees listed in section 5(c) of any failure by an agency to comply with a request of the Board.
“SEC. 12.
BOARD DUTIES.
“(a)Identification of Property Reduction Opportunities.—
The Board shall identify opportunities for the Government to reduce significantly its inventory of civilian real property and reduce costs to the Government.
“(b) Identification of High Value Assets.—
“(1)Identification of certain properties.—Not later than 180 days after Board members are appointed pursuant to section 4, the Board shall—
“(A)
identify not fewer than five Federal civilian real properties that are not on the list of surplus or excess as of such date with a total fair market value of not less than $500,000,000 and not more than $750,000,000; and
“(B)
transmit the list of the Federal civilian real properties to the Director of OMB and Congress as Board recommendations and subject to the approval process described in section 13.
“(2)Information and data.—
In order to meet the goal established under paragraph (1), each Federal agency shall provide, upon request, any and all information and data regarding its civilian real properties to the Board. The Board shall notify the committees listed in section 5(c) of any failure by an agency to comply with a request of the Board.
“(3)Factors.—
In identifying properties pursuant to paragraph (1), the Board shall consider the factors listed in section 11(b)(3).
“(4)Leaseback restrictions.—
None of the existing improvements on properties sold under this subsection may be leased back to the Government.
“(5)Report of excess.—
Not later than 60 days after the approval of Board recommendations pursuant to paragraph (1), Federal agencies with custody, control, or administrative jurisdiction over the identified properties shall submit a Report of Excess to the General Services Administration.
“(6) Sale.—
“(A)Initiation of sale.—
Not later than 120 days after the acceptance by the Administrator of the Report of Excess and notwithstanding any other provision of law (including section 501 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11411), but except as provided in section 14(g)), the General Services Administration shall initiate the sale of the civilian real properties described in paragraph (1).
“(B)Completion of sale.—
Not later than 1 year after the acceptance of the Report of Excess, the Administrator shall sell the civilian real properties at fair market value at highest and best use, unless the Director of OMB determines it is in the financial interest of the Government to execute a sale more than a year after the acceptance of the Report of Excess, but not greater than 2 years after the acceptance of the Report of Excess.
“(c)Analysis of Inventory.—
The Board shall perform an independent analysis of the inventory of Federal civilian real property and the recommendations submitted pursuant to section 11. The Board shall not be bound or limited by the recommendations submitted pursuant to section 11. If, in the opinion of the Board, an agency fails to provide needed information, data, or adequate recommendations that meet the standards and criteria, the Board shall develop such recommendations as the Board considers appropriate based on existing data contained in the Federal Real Property Profile or other relevant information.
“(d) Information and Proposals.—
“(1)Receipt.—
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Board may receive and consider proposals, information, and other data submitted by State and local officials and the private sector.
“(2)Consultation.—
The Board shall consult with State and local officials on information, proposals, and other data that the officials submit to the Board.
“(3)Availability.—
Information submitted to the Board shall be made publicly available.
“(e)Accounting System.—
Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 16, 2016], the Board shall identify or develop and implement a system of accounting to be used to independently evaluate the costs of and returns on the recommendations. Such accounting system shall be applied in developing the Board’s recommendations and determining the highest return to the taxpayer. In applying the accounting system, the Board shall set a standard performance period of not less than 15 years.
“(f)Public Hearing.—
The Board shall conduct public hearings. All testimony before the Board at a public hearing under this subsection shall be presented under oath.
“(g) Reporting of Information and Recommendations.—
“(1)In general.—Subject to the schedule and limitations specified in paragraph (2), the Board shall transmit to the Director of OMB, and publicly post on a Federal Web site maintained by the Board, reports containing the Board’s findings, conclusions, and recommendations for—
“(A)
the consolidation, exchange, co-location, reconfiguration, lease reductions, sale, outlease, and redevelopment of Federal civilian real properties; and
“(B)
other operational efficiencies that can be realized in the Government’s operation and maintenance of such properties.
“(2) Schedule and limitations.—
“(A)First round.—
Not later than 2 years after the date of transmittal of the list of properties recommended pursuant to subsection (b), the Board shall transmit to the Director of OMB the first report required under paragraph (1). The total value of transactions contained in the first report may not exceed $2,500,000,000.
“(B)Second round.—
Not earlier than 3 years after the date of transmittal of the first report, the Board shall transmit to the Director of OMB the second report required under paragraph (1). The total value of transactions contained in the second report may not exceed $4,750,000,000.
“(3)Consensus in majority.—
The Board shall seek to develop consensus recommendations, but if a consensus cannot be obtained, the Board may include in the reports required under this subsection recommendations that are supported by a majority of the Board.
“(h)Federal Web Site.—
The Board shall establish and maintain a Federal Web site for the purposes of making relevant information publicly available.
“(i)Review by GAO.—
The Comptroller General of the United States shall transmit to Congress and the Board a report containing a detailed analysis of the recommendations and selection process.
“SEC. 13.
REVIEW BY OMB.
“(a)Review of Recommendations.—
Upon receipt of the Board’s recommendations pursuant to subsections (b) and (g) of section 12, the Director of OMB shall conduct a review of the recommendations.
“(b)Report to Board and Congress.—
Not later than 30 days after the receipt of the Board’s recommendations, the Director of OMB shall transmit to the Board and Congress a report that sets forth the Director of OMB’s approval or disapproval of the Board’s recommendations.
“(c) Approval and Disapproval.—
“(1)Approval.—
If the Director of OMB approves the Board’s recommendations, the Director of OMB shall transmit a copy of the recommendations to Congress, together with a certification of such approval.
“(2)Disapproval.—
If the Director of OMB disapproves the Board’s recommendations, in whole or in part, the Director of OMB shall transmit a copy of the recommendations to Congress and the reasons for disapproval of the recommendations to the Board and Congress.
“(3)Revised recommendations.—
Not later than 30 days after the receipt of reasons for disapproval under paragraph (2), the Board shall transmit to the Director of OMB revised recommendations for approval.
“(4)Approval of revised recommendations.—
If the Director of OMB approves the revised recommendations received under paragraph (3), the Director of OMB shall transmit a copy of the revised recommendations to Congress, together with a certification of such approval.
“(d)Termination of Process for Given Round.—
If the Director of OMB does not transmit to Congress an approval and certification described in paragraph (1) or (4) of subsection (c) on or before the 30th day following the receipt of the Board’s recommendations or revised recommendations, as the case may be, the process shall terminate until the following round, as described in section 12.
“SEC. 14.
IMPLEMENTATION OF BOARD RECOMMENDATIONS.
“(a) Deadlines.—
“(1)Preparation.—Federal agencies shall—
“(A)
not later than 60 days after the Director of OMB transmits the Board’s recommendations to Congress pursuant to paragraph (1) or (4) of section 13(c), immediately begin preparations to carry out the Board’s recommendations; and
“(B)
not later than 2 years after such transmittal, initiate all activities necessary to carry out the Board’s recommendations.
“(2)Completion.—
Not later than 6 years after the Director of OMB transmits the Board’s recommendations to Congress pursuant to paragraph (1) or (4) of section 13(c), Federal agencies shall complete all recommended actions. All actions shall be economically beneficial, cost neutral, or otherwise favorable to the Government.
“(3)Extenuating circumstances.—
For actions that will take longer than the 6-year period described in paragraph (2) due to extenuating circumstances, Federal agencies shall notify the Director of OMB and Congress, as soon as the extenuating circumstance presents itself, with an estimated time to complete the relevant action.
“(b)Actions of Federal Agencies Related to Civilian Real Properties.—In taking actions related to any civilian real property under this Act, Federal agencies may take, pursuant to subsection (c), all such necessary and proper actions, including—
“(1)
acquiring land, constructing replacement facilities, performing such other activities, and conducting advance planning and design as may be required to transfer functions from a Federal asset or property to another Federal civilian property;
“(2)
reimbursing other Federal agencies for actions performed at the request of the Board; and
“(3)
taking such actions as are practicable to maximize the value of Federal civilian real property to be sold by clarifying zoning and other limitations on use of such property.
“(c) Actions of Federal Agencies To Implement Board Recommendations.—
“(1) Use of existing legal authorities.—
“(A)In general.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), when acting on a recommendation of the Board, a Federal agency shall—
“(i)
in consultation with the Administrator, continue to act within the Federal agency’s existing legal authorities, including legal authorities delegated to the Federal agency by the Administrator; or
“(ii)
work in partnership with the Administrator to carry out such actions.
“(B)Necessary and proper actions.—
The Administrator may take such necessary and proper actions, including the sale, conveyance, or exchange of civilian real property, as required to implement the Board’s recommendations in the time period required under subsection (a).
“(2)Experts.—
A Federal agency may enter into no cost, nonappropriated contracts for expert commercial real estate services to carry out the Federal agency’s responsibilities pursuant to the recommendations.
“(d)Discretion of Administrator Regarding Transactions.—
For any transaction identified, recommended, or commenced as a result of this Act, any otherwise required legal priority given to, or requirement to enter into, a transaction to convey a Federal civilian real property for less than fair market value, for no consideration at all, or in a transaction that mandates the exclusion of other market participants, shall be at the discretion of the Administrator.
“(e)Relationship to Other Laws.—Any recommendation or commencement of a sale, disposal, consolidation, reconfiguration, co-location, or realignment of civilian real property under this Act shall not be subject to—
“(1)
section 545(b)(8) of title 40, United States Code;
“(2)
sections 550, 553, and 554 of title 40, United States Code;
“(3)
any section of the Act entitled ‘An Act Authorizing the transfer of certain real property for wildlife, or other purposes’ (16 U.S.C. 667b);
“(4)
section 47151 of title 49, United States Code;
“(5)
sections 107 and 317 of title 23, United States Code;
“(6)
section 1304(b) of title 40, United States Code;
“(7)
section 13(d) of the Surplus Property Act of 1944 [act Oct. 3, 1944, ch. 479] (50 U.S.C. App. 1622(d) [now 40 U.S.C. 545 note]);
“(8)
any other provision of law authorizing the conveyance of real property owned by the Government for no consideration; and
“(9)
any congressional notification requirement other than that in section 545 of title 40, United States Code.
“(f) Public Benefit.—
“(1)Submission of information to hud.—
The Director of OMB shall submit to the Secretary of HUD, on the same day the Director of OMB submits the Board’s recommendations to Congress pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (4) of section 13(c), all known information on Federal civilian real properties that are included in the recommendations (except those recommended under section 12(b)).
“(2)HUD to report to board.—
Not later than 30 days after the submission of information on Federal properties under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall identify any suitable civilian real properties for use as a property benefiting the mission of assistance to the homeless for the purposes of further screening pursuant to section 501 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11411).
“(3)Additional authority.—
Following the review under paragraph (2), with respect to a civilian real property that is not identified by the Secretary as suitable for use as a property benefiting the mission of assistance to the homeless and that has been recommended for sale by the Board, the Director of OMB may exclude the property from the Board’s recommendations if the Director determines that the property is suitable for use as a public park or recreation area by a State or local government and it is in the best interest of taxpayers.
“(g) Environmental Considerations.—
“(1) Transfers of real property.—
“(A)In general.—
When implementing the recommended actions for civilian real properties that have been identified in the Board’s report, as specified in section 12(g), and subject to paragraph (2) and in compliance with CERCLA, including section 120(h) of CERCLA (42 U.S.C. 9620(h)), Federal agencies may enter into an agreement to transfer by deed, pursuant to section 120(h)(3) of that Act (42 U.S.C. 9620(h)(3)), civilian real property with any person.
“(B)Additional terms and conditions.—
The head of the disposing agency may require any additional terms and conditions in connection with an agreement authorized by subparagraph (A) as the head of the disposing agency considers appropriate to protect the interests of the United States. Such additional terms and conditions shall not affect or diminish any rights or obligations of the Federal agencies under section 120(h) of CERCLA (including, without limitation, the requirements of subsections (h)(3)(A) and (h)(3)(C)(iv) of that section).
“(2)Certification concerning costs.—A transfer of Federal civilian real property may be made under paragraph (1) only if the head of the disposing agency certifies to the Board and Congress that—
“(A)
the costs of all environmental restoration, waste management, and environmental compliance activities otherwise to be paid by the disposing agency with respect to the property are equal to or greater than the fair market value of the property to be transferred, as determined by the head of the disposing agency; or
“(B)
if such costs are lower than the fair market value of the property, the recipient of the property agrees to pay the difference between the fair market value and such costs.
“(3)Payments to recipients.—In the case of a civilian real property covered by a certification under paragraph (2)(A), the disposing agency may pay the recipient of such property an amount equal to the lesser of—
“(A)
the amount by which the costs incurred by the recipient of such property for all environmental restoration, waste management, and environmental compliance activities with respect to such property exceed the fair market value of such property as specified in such certification; or
“(B)
the amount by which the costs (as determined by the head of the disposing agency) that would otherwise have been incurred by the Secretary for such restoration, waste management, and environmental compliance activities with respect to such property exceed the fair market value of such property as so specified.
“(4)Information to be provided to recipients.—
As part of an agreement under paragraph (1), the head of the disposing agency shall disclose, in accordance with applicable law, to the person to whom the civilian real property will be transferred information possessed by the disposing agency regarding the environmental restoration, waste management, and environmental compliance activities that relate to the property. The head of the disposing agency shall provide such information before entering into the agreement.
“(5)Consideration of environmental remediation in granting time extensions.—
For the purposes of granting time extensions under subsection (a), the Director of OMB shall give the need for significant environmental remediation to a civilian real property more weight than any other factor in determining whether to grant an extension to implement a Board recommendation.
“(6)Limitation on statutory construction.—
Nothing in this Act may be construed to modify, alter, or amend CERCLA, the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 [42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.], or the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.).
“SEC. 15.
AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
“There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this Act an initial appropriation of—
“(1)
$2,000,000 for salaries and expenses of the Board; and
“(2)
$40,000,000 to be deposited into the Asset Proceeds and Space Management Fund for activities related to the implementation of the Board’s recommendations.
“SEC. 16.
FUNDING.
“(a) Salaries and Expenses Account.—
“(1)Establishment.—
There is established in the Treasury of the United States an account to be known as the ‘Public Buildings Reform Board Salaries and Expenses Account’ (in this subsection referred to as the ‘Account’).
“(2)Necessary payments.—
There shall be deposited into the Account such amounts, as are provided in appropriations Acts, for those necessary payments for salaries and expenses to accomplish the administrative needs of the Board.
“(b) Asset Proceeds and Space Management Fund.—
“(1)Establishment.—
There is established within the Federal Buildings Fund established under section 592 of title 40, United States Code, an account to be known as the Public Buildings Reform Board—Asset Proceeds and Space Management Fund (in this subsection referred to as the ‘Fund’).
“(2)Use of amounts.—
Amounts in the Fund shall be used solely for the purposes of carrying out actions pursuant to the Board recommendations approved under section 13.
“(3)Deposits.—The following amounts shall be deposited into the Fund and made available for obligation or expenditure only as provided in advance in appropriations Acts (subject to section 3307 of title 40, United States Code, to the extent an appropriation normally covered by that section exceeds $20,000,000) for the purposes specified:
“(A)
Such amounts as are provided in appropriations Acts, to remain available until expended, for the consolidation, co-location, exchange, redevelopment, reconfiguration of space, disposal, and other actions recommended by the Board for Federal agencies.
“(B)
Amounts received from the sale of any civilian real property action taken pursuant to a recommendation of the Board.
“(4)Use of amounts to cover costs.—As provided in appropriations Acts, amounts in the Fund may be made available to cover necessary costs associated with implementing the recommendations pursuant to section 14, including costs associated with—
“(A)
sales transactions;
“(B)
acquiring land, construction, constructing replacement facilities, and conducting advance planning and design as may be required to transfer functions from a Federal asset or property to another Federal civilian property;
“(C)
co-location, redevelopment, disposal, and reconfiguration of space; and
“(D)
other actions recommended by the Board for Federal agencies.
“(c)Additional Requirement for Budget Contents.—
The President shall transmit along with the President’s budget submitted pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, an estimate of proceeds that are the result of the Board’s recommendations and the obligations and expenditures needed to support such recommendations.
“SEC. 17.
CONGRESSIONAL APPROVAL OF PROPOSED PROJECTS.
“SEC. 18.
PRECLUSION OF JUDICIAL REVIEW.
“The following actions shall not be subject to judicial review:
“(1)
Actions taken pursuant to sections 12 and 13.
“(2)
Actions of the Board.
“SEC. 19.
IMPLEMENTATION REVIEW BY GAO.

“Upon transmittal of the Board’s recommendations from the Director of OMB to Congress under section 13, the Comptroller General of the United States at least annually shall monitor and review the implementation activities of Federal agencies pursuant to section 14, and report to Congress any findings and recommendations.

“SEC. 20.
AGENCY RETENTION OF PROCEEDS.
“(a)In General.—
“(b)Effective Date.—
The provisions of this section, including the amendments made by this section, shall take effect upon the termination of the Board pursuant to section 10 and shall not apply to proceeds from transactions conducted under section 14.
“SEC. 21.
FEDERAL REAL PROPERTY DATABASE.
“(a)Database Required.—
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this section [Dec. 16, 2016], the Administrator of General Services shall publish a single, comprehensive, and descriptive database of all Federal real property under the custody and control of all executive agencies, other than Federal real property excluded for reasons of national security, in accordance with subsection (b).
“(b)Required Information for Database.—The Administrator shall collect from the head of each executive agency descriptive information, except for classified information, of the nature, use, and extent of the Federal real property of each such agency, including the following:
“(1)
The geographic location of each Federal real property of each such agency, including the address and description for each such property.
“(2)
The total size of each Federal real property of each such agency, including square footage and acreage of each such property.
“(3)
Whether the Federal real property is currently, or will in the future be, needed to support [each such] agency’s mission or function.
“(4)
The utilization of each Federal real property for each such agency, including whether such property is excess, surplus, underutilized, or unutilized.
“(5)
The number of days each Federal real property is designated as excess, surplus, underutilized, or unutilized.
“(6)
The annual operating costs of each Federal real property.
“(7)
The replacement value of each Federal real property.
“(c) Access to Database.—
“(1)Federal agencies.—
The Administrator, in consultation with the Director of OMB, shall make the database established and maintained under this section available to other Federal agencies.
“(2)Public access.—
To the extent consistent with national security and procurement laws, the database shall be accessible by the public at no cost through the Web site of the General Services Administration.
“(d)Transparency of Database.—To the extent practicable, the Administrator shall ensure that the database—
“(1)
uses an open, machine-readable format;
“(2)
permits users to search and sort Federal real property data; and
“(3)
includes a means to download a large amount of Federal real property data and a selection of such data retrieved using a search.
“(e)Applicability.—
Nothing in this section may be construed to require an agency to make available to the public information that is exempt from disclosure pursuant to section 552(b) of title 5, United States Code.
“SEC. 22.
STREAMLINING MCKINNEY-VENTO HOMELESS ASSISTANCE ACT.

[Amended section 11411 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.]

“SEC. 23.
ADDITIONAL PROPERTY.
“SEC. 24.
SALE OF 12TH AND INDEPENDENCE.
“(a)Definition.—
In this section, the term ‘property’ means the property located in the District of Columbia, subject to survey and as determined by the Administrator of General Services, generally consisting of Squares 325 and 326 and a portion of Square 351 and generally bounded by 12th Street, Independence Avenue, C Street, and the James Forrestal Building, all in Southwest Washington, District of Columbia, and shall include all associated air rights, improvements thereon, and appurtenances thereto.
“(b)Sale.—
Not later than December 31, 2018, the Administrator of General Services shall sell the property at fair market value at highest and best use.
“(c)Requirement.—
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the sale of the property by the Administrator of General Services shall ensure continuity of security measures, parking access, and infrastructure requirements of the James Forrestal Building while it is occupied by the Department of Energy.
“(d)Net Proceeds.—
Any net proceeds received shall be paid into an account in the Federal Buildings Fund established under section 592 of title 40, United States Code. Upon deposit, the net proceeds from the sale may be expended only subject to a specific future appropriation.
“SEC. 25.
SALE OF COTTON ANNEX.
“(a)Definition.—
In this section, the term ‘property’ means property located in the District of Columbia, subject to survey and as determined by the Administrator, generally consisting of Square 326 south of C Street, all in Southwest Washington, District of Columbia, including the building known as the Cotton Annex.
“(b)Sale.—
Not later than December 31, 2018, the Administrator of General Services shall sell the property at fair market value at highest and best use.
“(c)Net Proceeds.—
Any net proceeds received shall be paid into an account in the Federal Buildings Fund established under section 592 of title 40, United States Code. Upon deposit, the net proceeds from the sale may be expended only subject to a specific future appropriation.”

[Amendment by Pub. L. 114–318 to Pub. L. 114–287, set out above, effective immediately after the enactment of Pub. L. 114–287, see section 7(e) of Pub. L. 114–318, set out as an Effective Date of 2016 Amendment note under section 571 of this title.]

 

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