References in Text
Section 264(c) of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, referred to in subsec. (b)(7), is section 264(c) of Pub. L. 104–191, which is set out as a note under section 1320d–2 of this title.
The National Emergencies Act, referred to in subsec. (g)(1)(A)(i), is Pub. L. 94–412, Sept. 14, 1976, 90 Stat. 1255, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 34 (§ 1601 et seq.) of Title 50, War and National Defense. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1601 of Title 50 and Tables.
The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, referred to in subsec. (g)(1)(A)(i), is Pub. L. 93–288, May 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 143, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 68 (§ 5121 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5121 of this title and Tables.
A prior section 1320b–5, act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, title XI, § 1135, as added Pub. L. 97–35, title XXI, § 2173(c), Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 809; amended Pub. L. 97–248, title I, § 101(b)(3), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 335; Pub. L. 99–509, title IX, § 9343(f), Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 2041; Pub. L. 100–203, title IV, § 4068(b), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–114; Pub. L. 100–360, title IV, § 411(g)(6), July 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 785; Pub. L. 103–432, title I, § 147(c)(2), Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4429, related to development of model prospective rate methodology, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, § 1000(a)(6) [title III, § 321(l)], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A–368, effective Nov. 29, 1999.
2021—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 117–2, § 9832(a)(2), inserted at end of concluding provisions “Ground ambulance services for which payment is made pursuant to paragraph (9) shall be paid at the base rate that would have been paid under the fee schedule established under 1395m(l) of this title (excluding any mileage payment) if the individual had been so transported and, with respect to ambulance services furnished by a critical access hospital or an entity described in paragraph (8) of such section, at the amount that otherwise would be paid under such paragraph.”
Subsec. (b)(9). Pub. L. 117–2, § 9832(a)(1), added par. (9).
Subsec. (g)(1)(B). Pub. L. 117–2, § 9832(b), substituted “paragraphs (8) and (9) of subsection (b)” for “subsection (b)(8)” in introductory provisions.
2020—Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 116–136, § 3703(1), substituted “, the requirements of section 1395m(m) of this title.” for “to an individual by a qualified provider (as defined in subsection (g)(3))—
“(A) the requirements of paragraph (4)(C) of such section, except that a facility fee under paragraph (2)(B)(i) of such section may only be paid to an originating site that is a site described in any of subclauses (I) through (IX) of paragraph (4)(C)(ii) of such section; and
“(B) the restriction on use of a telephone described in the second sentence of section 410.78(a)(3) of title 42, Code of Federal Regulations (or a successor regulation), but only if such telephone has audio and video capabilities that are used for two-way, real-time interactive communication.”
Pub. L. 116–123, § 102(a)(1), added par. (8).
Subsec. (g)(1). Pub. L. 116–123, § 102(b), amended par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “An ‘emergency area’ is a geographical area in which, and an ‘emergency period’ is the period during which, there exists—
“(A) an emergency or disaster declared by the President pursuant to the National Emergencies Act or the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act; and
“(B) a public health emergency declared by the Secretary pursuant to section 247d of this title.”
Subsec. (g)(3). Pub. L. 116–136, § 3703(2), struck out par. (3) which defined the term “qualified provider”.
Pub. L. 116–123, § 102(a)(2), added par. (3).
Subsec. (g)(3)(A). Pub. L. 116–127 amended subpar. (A) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (A) read as follows: “furnished to such individual an item or service for which payment was made under subchapter XVIII during the 3-year period ending on the date such telehealth service was furnished; or”.
2006—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–417, § 302(b)(1)(B), (C), in concluding provisions, substituted “and, except in the case of a waiver or modification to which the fifth sentence of this subsection applies, shall be limited to” for “and shall be limited to” and inserted at end “If a public health emergency described in subsection (g)(1)(B) involves a pandemic infectious disease (such as pandemic influenza), the duration of a waiver or modification under paragraph (3) shall be determined in accordance with subsection (e) as such subsection applies to public health emergencies.”
Subsec. (b)(3)(B). Pub. L. 109–417, § 302(b)(1)(A), added subpar. (B) and struck out former subpar. (B) which read as follows: “the direction or relocation of an individual to receive medical screening in an alternate location pursuant to an appropriate State emergency preparedness plan;”.
2004—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–276, § 9(5), inserted at end of concluding provisions: “A waiver or modification provided for under paragraph (3) or (7) shall only be in effect if such actions are taken in a manner that does not discriminate among individuals on the basis of their source of payment or of their ability to pay, and shall be limited to a 72-hour period beginning upon implementation of a hospital disaster protocol. A waiver or modification under such paragraph (7) shall be withdrawn after such period and the provider shall comply with the requirements under such paragraph for any patient still under the care of the provider.”
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 108–276, § 9(1), added par. (3) and struck out former par. (3) which read as follows: “sanctions under section 1395dd of this title (relating to examination and treatment for emergency medical conditions and women in labor) for a transfer of an individual who has not been stabilized in violation of subsection (c) of this section of such section if the transfer arises out of the circumstances of the emergency;”.
Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 108–276, § 9(2)–(4), added par. (7).
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Coverage of Testing for COVID–19
Pub. L. 116–127, div. F, § 6001, Mar. 18, 2020, 134 Stat. 201, as amended by Pub. L. 116–136, div. A, title III, § 3201, Mar. 27, 2020, 134 Stat. 366, provided that:
“(a) In General.—A group health plan and a health insurance issuer offering group or individual health insurance coverage (including a grandfathered health plan (as defined in section 1251(e) of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act [42 U.S.C. 18011(e)])) shall provide coverage, and shall not impose any cost sharing (including deductibles, copayments, and coinsurance) requirements or prior authorization or other medical management requirements, for the following items and services furnished during any portion of the emergency period defined in paragraph (1)(B) of section 1135(g) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320b–5(g)) beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Mar. 18, 2020]:
“(1) An in vitro diagnostic test defined in section 809.3 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor regulations) for the detection of SARS–CoV–2 or the diagnosis of the virus that causes COVID–19, and the administration of such a test, that—
is approved, cleared, or authorized under section 510(k), 513, 515, or 564 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
(21 U.S.C. 360(k)
, 360c, 360e, 360bbb–3);
the developer has requested, or intends to request, emergency use authorization under section 564 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
(21 U.S.C. 360bbb–3
), unless and until the emergency use authorization request under such section 564 has been denied or the developer of such test does not submit a request under such section within a reasonable timeframe;
is developed in and authorized by a State
that has notified the Secretary
of Health and Human Services of its intention to review tests intended to diagnose COVID–19; or
other test that the Secretary
determines appropriate in guidance.
Items and services furnished to an individual during health care provider
office visits (which term in this paragraph includes in-person
visits and telehealth visits), urgent care center visits, and emergency room visits that result in an order for or administration
of an in vitro diagnostic product described in paragraph (1), but only to the extent such items and services relate to the furnishing or administration
of such product or to the evaluation of such individual for purposes of determining the need of such individual for such product.
of Health and Human Services, Secretary
of Labor, and Secretary
of the Treasury may implement the provisions of this section through sub-regulatory guidance, program instruction or otherwise.