46 U.S. Code § 301 - General organization

§ 301.
General organization
(a)Organization.—
The Federal Maritime Commission is an independent establishment of the United States Government.
(b)Commissioners.—
(1)Composition.—
The Commission is composed of 5 Commissioners, appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Not more than 3 Commissioners may be appointed from the same political party.
(2)Terms.—
The term of each Commissioner is 5 years. When the term of a Commissioner ends, the Commissioner may continue to serve until a successor is appointed and qualified, but for a period not to exceed one year. Except as provided in paragraph (3), no individual may serve more than 2 terms.
(3)Vacancies.—
A vacancy shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment. An individual appointed to fill a vacancy is appointed only for the unexpired term of the individual being succeeded. An individual appointed to fill a vacancy may serve 2 terms in addition to the remainder of the term for which the predecessor of that individual was appointed.
(4) Conflicts of interest.—
(A)Limitation on relationships with regulated entities.—
A Commissioner may not have a pecuniary interest in, hold an official relation to, or own stocks or bonds of any entity the Commission regulates under chapter 401 of this title.
(B)Limitation on other activities.—
A Commissioner may not engage in another business, vocation, or employment.
(5)Removal.—
The President may remove a Commissioner for inefficiency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office.
(c)Chairman.—
(1)Designation.—
The President shall designate one of the Commissioners as Chairman.
(2)General authority.—
The Chairman is the chief executive and administrative officer of the Commission. In carrying out the duties and powers of the Commission (other than under paragraph (3)), the Chairman is subject to the policies, regulatory decisions, findings, and determinations of the Commission.
(3)Particular duties.—
(A)In general.—The Chairman shall—
(i)
appoint and supervise officers and employees of the Commission;
(ii)
appoint the heads of major organizational units, but only after consultation with the other Commissioners;
(iii)
distribute the business of the Commission among personnel and organizational units;
(iv)
supervise the expenditure of money for administrative purposes; and
(v)
assign Commission personnel, including Commissioners, to perform duties and powers delegated by the Commission under section 304 of this title.
(B)Nonapplication.—
Subparagraph (A) (other than clause (v)) does not apply to personnel employed regularly and full-time in the offices of Commissioners other than the Chairman.
(4)Delegation.—
The Chairman may designate officers and employees under the Chairman’s jurisdiction to perform duties and powers of the Chairman, subject to the Chairman’s supervision and direction.
(d)Seal.—
The Commission shall have a seal which shall be judicially recognized.

Historical and Revision Notes

Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)

301(a)

46 App.:1111 note.

Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, eff. Aug. 12, 1961, § 101, 75 Stat. 840.

301(b)

46 App.:1111 note.

Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, eff. Aug. 12, 1961, § 102(a), (c), 75 Stat. 840; Pub. L. 88–426, title III, § 305(19)(A), Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 425.

 

46 App.:1111 note.

Pub. L. 89–56, June 30, 1965, 79 Stat. 195.

301(c)

46 App.:1111 note.

Reorg. Plan No. 6 of 1949, eff. Aug. 20, 1949, 63 Stat. 1069.

 

46 App.:1111 note.

Reorg. Plan No. 7 of 1961, eff. Aug. 12, 1961, §§ 102(b), 104, 105(d), 75 Stat. 840, 841.

301(d)

46 App.:1111(c) (related to seal).

June 29, 1936, ch. 858, title II, § 201(c) (related to seal), 49 Stat. 1986.

In subsection (a), the words “is an independent establishment” are substituted for “shall not be a part of any executive department or under the authority of the head of any executive department” for consistency with other titles of the United States Code and to eliminate unnecessary words.

In subsection (b)(2), the words “The term of each Commissioner is 5 years, with each term beginning one year apart” are substituted for the language about terms in section 102(c) of Reorganization Plan No. 7 of 1961 (46 App. U.S.C. 1111 note) and the Act of June 30, 1965 (Pub. L. 89–56, 79 Stat. 195), for clarity and to eliminate executed and obsolete language.

In subsection (c), section 104 of Reorganization Plan No. 7 of 1961 is omitted as executed.

Subsection (c)(1) is based on section 102(b) of Reorganization Plan No. 7 of 1961. The words “from time to time” are omitted as unnecessary.

Subsection (c)(2) is based on section 1 of Reorganization Plan No. 6 of 1949.

Subsection (c)(3) is based on section 2 of Reorganization Plan No. 6 of 1949 and section 105(d) of Reorganization Plan No. 7 of 1961.

Subsection (c)(4) is based on section 3 of Reorganization Plan No. 6 of 1949.

Amendments

2014—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 113–281, § 403(a)(1), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The term of each Commissioner is 5 years, with each term beginning one year apart. An individual appointed to fill a vacancy is appointed only for the unexpired term of the individual being succeeded. A vacancy shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment. When the term of a Commissioner ends, the Commissioner may continue to serve until a successor is appointed and qualified.”

Subsec. (b)(3) to (5). Pub. L. 113–281, § 403(a)(2), added pars. (3) and (4) and redesignated former par. (3) as (5).

Effective Date of 2014 Amendment

Pub. L. 113–281, title IV, § 403(b), Dec. 18, 2014, 128 Stat. 3056, provided that:

“The amendment made by subsection (a)(1) [amending this section] does not apply with respect to a Commissioner of the Federal Maritime Commission appointed and confirmed by the Senate before the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 18, 2014].”

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46 CFR - Shipping

46 CFR Part 501 - THE FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION—GENERAL

46 CFR Part 550 - REGULATIONS TO ADJUST OR MEET CONDITIONS UNFAVORABLE TO SHIPPING IN THE FOREIGN TRADE OF THE UNITED STATES

46 CFR Part 551 - ACTIONS TO ADJUST OR MEET CONDITIONS UNFAVORABLE TO SHIPPING IN THE U.S. FOREIGN TRADE

 

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