In this section, before clause (1), the words “on the following grounds” are substituted for “by reason of such handicap” and “For purposes of paragraph (1) of this subsection the term ‘handicapped individual’ means any individual who” because of the restatement.
References in Text
The date of the enactment of this subsection, referred to in subsec. (c)(4), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 106–181, which was approved Apr. 5, 2000.
2003—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–176 substituted “section 46301” for “section 46301(a)(3)(E)”.
2000—Pub. L. 106–181 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, substituted “carrier, including (subject to section 40105(b)) any foreign air carrier,” for “carrier” in introductory provisions, and added subsecs. (b) and (c).
Regulations Ensuring Assistance for Passengers With Disabilities in Air Transportation
Pub. L. 115–254, div. B, title IV, § 440, Oct. 5, 2018, 132 Stat. 3347, provided that:
“(a)In General.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 5, 2018], the Secretary of Transportation shall—
review, and if necessary revise, applicable regulations to ensure that passengers with disabilities who request assistance while traveling in air transportation
receive dignified, timely, and effective assistance at airports
and on aircraft
from trained personnel; and
“(2) review, and if necessary revise, applicable regulations related to covered air carrier training programs for air carrier personnel, including contractors, who provide physical assistance to passengers with disabilities to ensure that training under such programs—
occurs on an annual schedule for all new and continuing personnel charged with providing physical assistance; and
includes, as appropriate, instruction by personnel, with hands-on training
who physically lift or otherwise physically assist passengers with disabilities, including the use of relevant equipment.
“(b)Types of Assistance.—
The assistance referred to [in] subsection (a)(1) may include requests for assistance in boarding or deplaning an aircraft
, requests for assistance in connecting between flights, and other similar or related requests, as appropriate.”
[For definition of “covered air carrier” as used in section 440 of Pub. L. 115–254, set out above, see section 401 of Pub. L. 115–254, set out as a note under section 40101 of this title.]
Airline Passengers With Disabilities Bill of Rights
Pub. L. 115–254, div. B, title IV, § 434, Oct. 5, 2018, 132 Stat. 3343, provided that:
“(a)Airline Passengers With Disabilities Bill of Rights.—
The Secretary of Transportation shall develop a document, to be known as the ‘Airline Passengers with Disabilities Bill of Rights’, using plain language to describe the basic protections and responsibilities of covered air carriers
, their employees
and contractors, and people with disabilities under the [sic] section 41705 of title 49
, United States
“(b)Content.—In developing the Airline Passengers with Disabilities Bill of Rights under subsection (a), the Secretary shall include, at a minimum, plain language descriptions of protections and responsibilities provided in law related to the following:
The right of passengers with disabilities to be treated with dignity and respect.
The right of passengers with disabilities to receive timely assistance, if requested, from properly trained covered air carrier
and contractor personnel.
The right of passengers with disabilities to travel with wheelchairs, mobility aids, and other assistive devices, including necessary medications and medical supplies, including stowage of such wheelchairs, aids, and devices.
The right of passengers with disabilities to receive seating accommodations, if requested, to accommodate a disability.
The right of passengers with disabilities to receive announcements in an accessible format.
The right of passengers with disabilities to speak with a complaint resolution officer or to file a complaint with a covered air carrier
or the Department of Transportation
“(c)Rule of Construction.—
The development of the Airline Passengers with Disabilities Bill of Rights under subsections (a) and (b) shall not be construed as expanding or restricting the rights available to passengers with disabilities on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 5, 2018] pursuant to any statute or regulation.
In developing the Airline Passengers with Disabilities Bill of Rights under subsection (a), the Secretary of Transportation shall consult with stakeholders, including disability organizations and covered air carriers
and their contractors.
“(e)Display.—Each covered air carrier shall include the Airline Passengers with Disabilities Bill of Rights—
on a publicly available internet website of the covered air carrier
in any pre-flight notifications or communications provided to passengers who alert the covered air carrier
in advance of the need for accommodations relating to a disability.
Covered air carriers
and contractors of covered air carriers
shall submit to the Secretary of Transportation plans
that ensure employees
of covered air carriers
and their contractors receive training
on the protections and responsibilities described in the Airline Passengers with Disabilities Bill of Rights. The Secretary shall review such plans
to ensure the plans
address the matters described in subsection (b).”
Harmonization of Service Animal Standards
Pub. L. 115–254, div. B, title IV, § 437, Oct. 5, 2018, 132 Stat. 3344, provided that:
“(a)Rulemaking.—The Secretary of Transportation shall conduct a rulemaking proceeding—
to develop minimum standards for what is required for service and emotional support animals carried in aircraft
“(b)Considerations.—In conducting the rulemaking under subsection (a), the Secretary shall consider, at a minimum—
whether to align the definition of ‘service animal’ with the definition of that term in regulations of the Department of Justice
implementing the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
(Public Law 101–336
) [42 U.S.C. 12101
“(2) reasonable measures to ensure pets are not claimed as service animals, such as—
whether to require photo identification for a service animal identifying the type of animal, the breed of animal, and the service the animal provides to the passenger;
whether to require documentation indicating whether or not a service animal was trained by the owner or an approved training
whether to require, from a licensed physician, documentation indicating the mitigating task or tasks a service animal provides to its owner; and
whether to allow a passenger to be accompanied by more than 1 service animal;
“(3) reasonable measures to ensure the safety of all passengers, such as—
whether to require health and vaccination records for a service animal; and
whether to require third-party proof of behavioral training
for a service animal;
the impact additional requirements on service animals could have on access to air transportation
for passengers with disabilities; and
if impacts on access to air transportation
for passengers with disabilities are found, ways to eliminate or mitigate those impacts.
Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 5, 2018], the Secretary shall issue a final rule pursuant to the rulemaking conducted under this section.”
Advisory Committee on the Air Travel Needs of Passengers With Disabilities
Pub. L. 115–254, div. B, title IV, § 439, Oct. 5, 2018, 132 Stat. 3345, provided that:
The Secretary of Transportation shall establish an advisory committee on issues related to the air travel needs of passengers with disabilities (referred to in this section as the ‘Advisory Committee’).
“(b)Duties.—The Advisory Committee shall—
identify and assess the disability-related access barriers encountered by passengers with disabilities;
determine the extent to which the programs and activities of the Department of Transportation are addressing the barriers identified in paragraph (1);
recommend consumer protection improvements to the air travel experience of passengers with disabilities;
conduct such activities as the Secretary considers necessary to carry out this section.
“(1)In general.—The Advisory Committee shall be composed of at least 1 representative of each of the following groups:
Passengers with disabilities.
National disability organizations.
Contractor service providers.
The Secretary of Transportation shall appoint each member of the Advisory Committee.
A vacancy in the Advisory Committee shall be filled in the manner in which the original appointment was made.
The Secretary of Transportation shall designate, from among the members appointed under subsection (c), an individual to serve as chairperson of the Advisory Committee.
Members of the Advisory Committee shall serve without pay
, but shall receive travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance with subchapter I of chapter 57
of title 5, United States
“(1)In general.—Not later than 14 months after the date of establishment of the Advisory Committee, and annually thereafter, the Advisory Committee shall submit to the Secretary of Transportation a report on the needs of passengers with disabilities in air travel, including—
of existing disability-related access barriers, and any emerging disability-related access barriers that will likely be an issue in the next 5 calendar years;
an evaluation of the extent to which the Department of Transportation’s programs and activities are eliminating disability-related access barriers;
a description of the Advisory Committee’s actions;
a description of improvements related to the air travel experience of passengers with disabilities; and
any recommendations for legislation, administrative action, or other action that the Advisory Committee considers appropriate.
“(2)Report to .—
Not later than 60 days after the date the Secretary receives the report under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress [Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives] a copy of the report, including any additional findings or recommendations that the Secretary considers appropriate.
The Advisory Committee established under this section shall terminate on September 30, 2023.
“(h)Termination of the Next Generation System Senior Policy Committee.—
The Next Generation Air Transportation
System Senior Policy Committee established by the Secretary of Transportation shall terminate on the date of the initial appointment of the members of the Advisory Committee.”
Training Policies Regarding Assistance for Persons With Disabilities
Pub. L. 115–254, div. B, title IV, § 433, Oct. 5, 2018, 132 Stat. 3342, provided that:
“Following the receipt of the report required under section 2107 of the FAA Extension, Safety, and Security Act of 2016 (Public Law 114–190
; 130 Stat. 622
) [set out below], the Secretary of Transportation shall develop, if appropriate, specific recommendations regarding improvements to wheelchair assistance provided by air carriers
and recommendations on how training
programs by air carriers
can address consumer complaints regarding wheelchair assistance.”
Pub. L. 114–190, title II, § 2107, July 15, 2016, 130 Stat. 622, provided that:
“(a)In General.—Not later than 270 days after the date of enactment of this Act [July 15, 2016], the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to Congress a report assessing required air carrier personnel and contractor training programs regarding the assistance of persons with disabilities, including—
instances since 2005 where the Department of Transportation
has requested that an air carrier
take corrective action following a review of the air carrier’
actions taken by air carriers
following requests described in paragraph (2).
After the date the report is submitted under subsection (a), the Secretary of Transportation, based on the findings of the report, shall develop, make publicly available, and appropriately disseminate to air carriers
such best practices as the Secretary considers necessary to improve the reviewed training
Establishment of Higher International Standards
Pub. L. 106–181, title VII, § 707(c), Apr. 5, 2000, 114 Stat. 158, provided that:
“The Secretary [of Transportation] shall work with appropriate international organizations and the aviation authorities of other nations to bring about the establishment of higher standards for accommodating handicapped passengers in air transportation
, particularly with respect to foreign air carriers
that code-share with air carriers
Restrictions on Air Transportation of Peanuts; Scientific Study on Effect of Airborne Particles on Passengers
Pub. L. 106–69, title III, § 346, Oct. 9, 1999, 113 Stat. 1023, provided that:
“Hereafter, none of the funds made available under this Act or any other Act, may be used to implement, carry out, or enforce any regulation issued under section 41705 of title 49, United States Code, including any regulation contained in part 382 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, or any other provision of law (including any Act of Congress, regulation, or Executive order or any official guidance or correspondence thereto), that requires or encourages an air carrier (as that term is defined in section 40102 of title 49, United States Code) to, on intrastate or interstate air transportation (as those terms are defined in section 40102 of title 49, United States Code)—
provide a peanut-free buffer zone or any other related peanut-restricted area
restrict the distribution of peanuts,
until 90 days after submission to the Congress
and the Secretary of a peer-reviewed scientific study that determines that there are severe reactions by passengers to peanuts as a result of contact with very small airborne peanut particles of the kind that passengers might encounter in an aircraft.
Similar provisions were contained in Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(g) [title III, § 372], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–439, 2681–479.