49 U.S. Code § 5124. Criminal penalty

(a)In General.—
A person knowingly violating section 5104(b) or willfully or recklessly violating this chapter or a regulation, order, special permit, or approval issued under this chapter shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or both; except that the maximum amount of imprisonment shall be 10 years in any case in which the violation involves the release of a hazardous material that results in death or bodily injury to any person.
(b)Knowing Violations.—For purposes of this section—
(1) a person acts knowingly when—
(A)
the person has actual knowledge of the facts giving rise to the violation; or
(B)
a reasonable person acting in the circumstances and exercising reasonable care would have that knowledge; and
(2)
knowledge of the existence of a statutory provision, or a regulation or a requirement required by the Secretary, is not an element of an offense under this section.
(c)Willful Violations.—For purposes of this section, a person acts willfully when—
(1)
the person has knowledge of the facts giving rise to the violation; and
(2)
the person has knowledge that the conduct was unlawful.
(d)Reckless Violations.—
For purposes of this section, a person acts recklessly when the person displays a deliberate indifference or conscious disregard to the consequences of that person’s conduct.

Historical and Revision Notes

Revised

Section

Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)

5124

49 App.:1809(b).

Jan. 3, 1975, Pub. L. 93–633, § 110(b), 88 Stat. 2161; restated Nov. 16, 1990, Pub. L. 101–615, § 12(b), 104 Stat. 3259.

Amendments

2005—Pub. L. 109–59 reenacted section catchline without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “A person knowingly violating section 5104(b) of this title or willfully violating this chapter or a regulation prescribed or order issued under this chapter shall be fined under title 18, imprisoned for not more than 5 years, or both.”